Introduced to God by the roadside
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
On January 14,
Sunday, Pongal (harvest festival) is celebrated in Tamilnadu and in most other Tamil speaking communities
around the world. Recently, the State of Virginia in the U.S. has designated January 14, Pongal Day as
a special holiday for the state. I am sure that this recognition was a great consolation for the thousands of Tamils living
around the world.
A similar consolation
was experienced last year during Pongal. On Pongal day, the eyes of thousands of Tamil people all over the world were turned
towards Marina Beach, Chennai. Young men and women, as well as family persons, children and senior citizens in tens of thousands
gathered in Marina Beach demanding the re-instatement of ‘Jallikattu’ - the bull-fight, banned a few years back.
Hats off to the youth of Tamil Nadu, who had not sought the support of any
political party as well as the support of the tinsel world. They had taken care not to be divided on lines of caste, religion,
political allegiance, fan club etc. They had not resorted to any violence and have gone from strength to strength. To me,
this was truly a people’s movement – especially a youth movement, where no individual stole the limelight. The
Central and State governments as well as various MNCs were forced to take note of this event, and also take stock of their
dubious, underhand dealings with people.
This ‘dharmic’ protest by the youth gave
hope as to what the youth can do if they unite for a purpose. We pray that such purposeful coming together of the youth takes
place whenever there is a need to set things right. Unfortunately, after the ‘Jallikattu’ protest, the youth have
not been able to muster strength to protest against other atrocities like the NEET exam. The lengthy protests taken up by
the Tamilnadu farmers in Delhi also did not get enough support of the youth. We pray that the youth may truly become
a constructive force to bring about social change in Tamil Nadu and all over India.
On January 14, the Church invites us to commemorate the World Day of Migrants and Refugees.
In 1914, Pope St Pius X instituted this Day and this year the Church commemorates the 104th edition of this
World Day. The message of Pope Francis given for this world day is titled: “Welcoming, protecting, promoting
and integrating migrants and refugees”. The Pope begins his message with the quote from Leviticus
19:34: “You shall treat the stranger who sojourns with you as the native among you, and you shall love him
as yourself, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God”.
Through these words, God reminds each one of us that we are travellers on
earth – better still, pilgrims. We are not the owners or permanent residents here on earth. All of us are passing through
this world as pilgrims just once. If only we understood this truth and consider all the people in the world as co-pilgrims,
there will be lot less problems. Unfortunately, some world leaders consider themselves as owners of their respective countries
and hence want to protect their ‘property’ by raising walls and treating people from other countries as ‘encroachers’!
Our present day leaders are guilty of allowing the problem of Refugees and Immigrants to spiral into unprecedented levels.
We are guilty of allowing most of our children grow up in make-shift tents.
In his message Pope Francis challenges us saying, “Every stranger who knocks at our door is an
opportunity for an encounter with Jesus Christ, who identifies with the welcomed and rejected strangers of every age (Matthew
25:35-43).” He then goes on to spell out our response to the epidemic of ‘rootless and roof-less
people’ with the help of four verbs: “to welcome, to protect, to promote and to integrate”.
One of the Tamil poets by name ‘Kaniyan Poongunranar’ has enunciated
the broad-minded Tamil culture that welcomes every one as a relative. “Yaathum Oore, Yavarum Kelir” which means,
“All the towns are our neighbourhood and all the people, our relatives”. We pray that on Pongal festival, which
brings near and dear ones together from far and wide, reminds us strongly that all of us are knit together into a noble human
family where there is neither immigrant nor refugee!
Let us now turn
our attention to this Sunday’s readings…
The first reading
and the Gospel talk about how God gets introduced to us in various ways. In the first reading we hear how God gets introduced
to Samuel when he was a child (I Samuel 3:3-10, 19). Andrew and Simon Peter meet Jesus as adults (John 1: 35-42). There are
a few lessons – old and new – that we can learn from these two events.
God meets Samuel in the temple. Samuel has been serving in the temple for quite some time. The opening line of this
passage says that Samuel was lying down within the temple of the LORD. (I Sam. 3:3) This
indicates that he was all the time in the temple. Still he had not met God.
I am reminded of the small fish swimming in the ocean. It was swimming here
and there as if searching for something. A big fish asked the small fish: “What are you searching for?” The small
fish answered: “The ocean”. It is possible to be immersed in the ocean and still not be aware of it.
It is possible to be in God’s presence and still
not be aware of God as in the case of Samuel. Samuel was a child and, hence, his ignorance need not be made much of. What
about us who have taken God for granted in our lives and begin searching for God mainly when things became tough for us?
In the Gospel we come across two adults getting introduced to Jesus. In the
case of Samuel, God gets introduced in the temple whereas in the Gospel, Jesus gets introduced on the roadside. Both in the
Bible as well as in human history, God gets introduced more often in very ordinary circumstances and places than in the holy
of holies. Since it is so ordinary, many of us tend to miss the importance of it. Even in the case of the two disciples of
John, they could have missed Jesus. But, they took extra efforts. They followed Him.
The two disciples… followed Jesus. Jesus turned, and saw
them following, and said to them, "What do you seek?" And they said to him, "Rabbi" (which means Teacher),
"where are you staying?" He said to them, "Come and see." They came and saw where he was staying; and
they stayed with him that day, for it was about the tenth hour. (John 1: 37-39)
It is interesting to note that the very first words spoken by Jesus, in the
Gospel of John, are in the form of a pertinent question: "What do you seek?" At
the beginning of a New Year, we seek so many things to make our life better. If Jesus were to ask each of us "What
do you seek?", what would be our answer. What are we seeking in 2018?
Two questions ‘What do you seek?’ and ‘Where
are you staying?’ as well as an invitation ‘Come and see’ are
the main focus of this passage and it gives us two fundamental characteristics of a true disciple… Seeking God and
Staying with God.
I have read this passage from John’s Gospel quite
many times and have interpreted it in very many ways. This time, one aspect of this passage struck me for the first time…
the idea of Andrew taking efforts to introduce the Lord to his brother Simon. As siblings, we tend to introduce our brothers
and sisters to many things and persons in life. But how many of us introduce God to our own brothers and sisters? In how many
families God is a topic of our conversations? The family that prays together, not only stays together, but also becomes familiar
Another aspect of this passage is the humility of Andrew.
He brings Peter to Jesus and Jesus seems to pay more attention to Peter, calling him ‘the rock’ etc. The meeting
between Jesus and Peter began a historical relationship that has survived 20 centuries. This does not seem to have disturbed
Andrew one bit. He came from the school of John the Baptist who often spoke of how ‘Jesus must increase and he must
decrease’. In reality, John did just that. After introducing Jesus to his disciples he disappeared from the scene. Andrew
too, after introducing Jesus to Peter, remained incognito! We can surely pray for this wonderful grace of getting our own
near and dear ones introduced to God and disappearing, once God takes over.
We pray that the Pongal festival brings more hope to the farmers in Tamilnadu and India. We pray that the youth
power in India reaps a bumper harvest of noble deeds. We pray that all the world leaders take sincere efforts to
address the problems of the Immigrants and Refugees. We pray also our families become schools where God is introduced as a
Following the real star…
by Rev. Fr. L.X. Jerome S.J.
The Feast of the Epiphany
We begin with a story from a collection of the lives of saints - the saints of Islam - which concerns
a king of Balkh, named Ebrahim ibn Adam. Ebrahim was wealthy according to every
earthly measure. At the same time, however, he sincerely and restlessly strove to be wealthy spiritually as well. One night
the king was roused from sleep by a fearful stumping on the roof above his bed. Alarmed, he shouted: 'Who's there?' 'A friend,'
came the reply from the roof. 'I've lost my camel.' Perturbed by such stupidity, Ebrahim screamed: 'You fool! Are you looking
for a camel on the roof?' 'You fool!' the voice from the roof answered. 'Are you looking for God in silk clothing, and lying
on a golden bed?'” Those simple words filled the king with such enlightenment,
that he arose from his sleep to become a remarkable saint.
Being clothed in silk and lying
on a golden bed are not the most apt modes to search for God. Today’s Feast - the Feast of the Epiphany - helps us to
learn some basic lessons on how to search for God. Although this Feast is mainly about Jesus revealing himself to the whole
world, still, popularly, the main characters of this feast are the so called ‘Magi’. Very little is known about
these persons (Kings? Wise men? Astrologers?) in the Bible. Only Matthew’s Gospel (Matthew 2: 1-12) talks about these
persons. But, their effort in following the star has inspired countless men and women to ‘follow the star’ in
Following a star is possible only at night. Stars are not
visible during the day. This means that these wise men must have done most of their journey at night – not an easy option
given their mode of transport etc. It must have been very difficult to gaze upon one little star among the hundreds, on a
clear sky. What if the sky was not clear? Then they would have to wait until clouds and mist clear. So, their journey must
have taken nights… many nights. Still, they persisted. What a resolve! Resolutions are part and parcel of every New
Year! What better way to begin the New Year with the feast of ‘the wise men’ who can be honoured as ‘patrons
Nowadays, the phrase ‘following a star’ is, unfortunately,
misinterpreted as following a star-personality. In India, more unfortunately,
we have too many of these stars, especially in the cine field and in cricket. The amount of time wasted on these stars is
staggering as far as an Indian fan is concerned. By the time these fans learn that ‘following these stars’ lead
them nowhere, it is rather too late. If only the typical Indian fan can take a new year resolution to treat cinema and cricket
as only entertainments!
Recently, in Tamil Nadu, India,
one of the ‘stars’ declared his intentions of starting a party and contesting the state assembly election next
time. This ‘star’ has been talking about his entry into politics for the past twenty years. Now, (I feel like
adding, unfortunately) he has made his intentions clear. While his fans have celebrated, many others have condemned this move.
Tamil Nadu has been the victim of ‘stars’ for
the past forty years. Now another ‘star’ has come forward to lead the people. We pray that the people of Tamil
Nadu, especially the youth, may wake up from the spell of ‘stars’!
The Gospel of Matthew (2: 1-12) says that these wise men were from the East. They were probably experts
in astrology – namely, the study of stars. Hence, when they saw this new star, they were able to predict the birth of
a King. Their study led them further. They decided to follow the star and meet the King.
Unfortunately, there are some experts who are king-makers
by studying the star in which one is born. In general, most of the political leaders in Asia seem
to trust their stars rather than trust their people. Naturally, people also don’t seem to trust them!
Why blame political leaders, who have only one aim in their life – to stay in power? Most of
us abdicate our power to the stars attached to our birth. What these stars predict each week, tends to influence our decisions
to a large extent. Should we allow stars and planets to influence our lives so much? We set aside time to read ‘stars
foretell’ columns in the papers. But, how many of us have the time to look up at the sky and contemplate the beauty
of the stars?
For us living in the 21st century,
there seems to be no time to look to the heavens to gaze upon stars. We are dazzled and even blinded by too many artificial
stars and hence real stars have receded from our view. We hardly look up. Or, possibly, we look up to the skies only when
dark clouds gather. We look up to the skies with a question: Will it rain? Similarly, when dark clouds gather in our hearts,
we again look up to the skies with the famous clichéd question: Is there a God up there?
Doubts drive us to look up, whether they are doubts about
rain or pain.
When the wise men followed the
star, doubts were raging in their hearts too. But, they were driven more by desire than by doubts and hence could reach their
destination. This alone is reason enough to celebrate! For our generation where patience and persistence seem to have become
obsolete words, the wise men have a lot to teach!
The story of the three wise men
has inspired quite many other stories. One of them is “THE STORY OF THE OTHER WISE MAN” written by Henry van Dyke.
The name of this ‘fourth’ wise man is Artaban. He wishes to join the three wise men. He sells all his properties
and buys a sapphire, a ruby and a pearl as gifts to the King. As he begins his journey, he meets with a Jew who is very sick.
He stays with him and ministers to his needs. In order to make up for the delay, he sells his sapphire to buy camels to cross
the desert. When he reaches Bethlehem, he learns that his friends – the
three wise men – had already left back to their countries. He also learns that the Child Jesus has been taken to Egypt.
On his way to Egypt, he comes across the army of Herod who are slaughtering children.
In order to save one of those children, he gives away the ruby.
Artaban’s search for the King takes 33 years. At last when he reaches Jerusalem,
he hears of Jesus being led away to Calvary to be crucified. He wants to
give away the pearl to the soldiers and rescue Jesus from their hands. On his way to Calvary,
he comes across a slave girl being led away to be sold. He parts with the pearl as a ransom for the girl. At that moment there
is an earth quake!
Here are the closing lines of this lovely story:
One more lingering pulsation of the earthquake quivered through
the ground. A heavy tile, shaken from the roof, fell and struck the old man on the temple. He lay breathless and pale, with
his gray head resting on the young girl's shoulder, and the blood trickling from the wound. As she bent over him, fearing
that he was dead, there came a voice through the twilight, very small and still, like music sounding from a distance, in which
the notes are clear but the words are lost. The girl turned to see if some one had spoken from the window above them, but
she saw no one.
Then the old man's lips began
to move, as if in answer, and she heard him say in the Parthian tongue: "Not so, my Lord! For when saw I thee a hungered,
and fed thee? Or thirsty, and gave thee drink? When saw I thee a stranger, and took thee in? Or naked, and clothed thee? When
saw I thee sick or in prison, and came unto thee? Three-and-thirty years have I looked for thee; but I have never seen thy
face, nor ministered to thee, my King."
He ceased, and the sweet voice came again. And again the maid heard it, very faintly and far away.
But now it seemed as though she understood the words: "Verily I say unto thee, inasmuch as thou hast done it unto one
of the least of these my brethren, thou hast done it unto me."
A calm radiance of wonder and joy lighted the pale face of Artaban like the first ray of
dawn on a snowy mountain-peak. One long, last breath of relief exhaled gently from his lips. His journey was ended. His treasures
were accepted. The other Wise Man had found the King.
The FOUR wise men – our
heroes of today’s liturgy – looked beyond dark clouds and followed the star. May the good Lord plant a star in
our life’s firmament, a star that would lead us to the Lord’s presence day after day in this New Year!
Joy in mini-packs…
by Rev. Fr. L.X. Jerome S.J.
– Gaudete Sunday
Next Sunday, December
24, will be the Eve or the Vigil of Christmas. An Eve or a Vigil throbs with Joyful Expectation or Expectant Joy! It would
be helpful to figure out what we are expecting or what is so joyful about it. To help us in our process of reflection, the
Church has given us ‘Gaudete’ Sunday – ‘Rejoice’ Sunday. Christmas Season usually brims with
songs and stories. Let me share one of the stories I found recently:
A number of years ago, a young college student
was working as an intern at a Museum of Natural
History in his college. One day while working at the cash register in the gift shop,
he saw an elderly couple come in with a little girl in a wheelchair. As he looked closer at this girl, he saw that she
was kind of perched on her chair. The student realized that she had no arms or legs, just a head, neck and torso.
She was wearing a little white dress with red polka dots. As the couple wheeled her up to the checkout counter, he turned
his head toward the girl and gave her a wink. Meanwhile, he took the money from her grandparents and looked back at the girl,
who was giving him the cutest and the largest smile he had ever seen. All of a sudden, her handicap was gone and all
that the young man saw was this beautiful girl, whose smile just melted him and almost instantly gave him a completely new
sense of what life is all about. She took him from the world of an unhappy college student and brought him into her
world -- a world of smiles, love and warmth.
A simple wink by the college student and an angelic smile
from the little girl were all they needed to make life a lot better for both of them. Often (I would even dare say ‘always’)
joy comes in mini-packs, and, many a time, we tend to miss it, since we are looking for the ‘super-sized’ packs.
More often joy-in-waiting is
more thrilling than the actual joy itself. I am sure most of us can recollect childhood memories of the days leading up to
Christmas, which were more exciting than the Christmas Day itself. ‘The Little Prince’, written by Antoine
de Saint-Exupery gives an idea of what this joy-in-waiting means. The Little Prince from another planet happens to become
friendly with a fox. Here is a passage from The Little Prince that talks of the good friends - the prince and the fox:
day the little prince came back. "It would have been better to come back at the same hour," said the fox. "If,
for example, you come at four o'clock in the afternoon, then at three o'clock I shall begin to be happy. I shall feel happier
and happier as the hour advances. At four o'clock, I shall already be worrying and jumping about. I shall show you how happy
I am! But if you come at just any time, I shall never know at what hour my heart is to be ready to greet you...."
is well explained here.
I have witnessed
a similar experience in the Jesuit community where I live. We have in our community a few Jesuits who are beyond 90. (One
of them crossed 100 this September and still going strong.) Most of them are wheel-chair bound. One of them is from England,
who has been working in Rome for many years. On Sundays, one
of his friends comes regularly to visit him around 4 p.m. for a cup of tea. It is a special sight to see how this priest gets
ready for this weekly meeting. Already by 3 O’clock he is ready! He talks about this visit and his friend already during
lunch. Joy-in-waiting is a special type of joy.
The Entrance Antiphon of today’s liturgy
talks of this joy-in-waiting. It is taken from Paul’s Letter to the Philippians: Rejoice
in the Lord always; again I will say, Rejoice… The Lord is at hand. (Phil. 4: 4-5) The
Church, tries to define Christmas Joy on this Gaudete Sunday.
While the commercial world tries to define happiness in terms of accumulating and hoarding things via
discounts and sales, the Church and the Liturgical Readings today try to tell us that happiness consists not in directing
everything towards us, as the commercial world would suggest, but towards others, especially towards the less privileged.
This tone is set in the opening lines of today’s first reading from Isaiah.
Isaiah 61: 1-2
Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me, because the LORD has anointed me to bring good tidings to the afflicted; he has sent me
to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound;
to proclaim the year of the LORD's favour, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn…
Happiness also consists
in knowing who we are and what our role is in this world. When we fail to understand and appreciate ourselves, and thus yearn
to be someone else, God sends his little angels to teach us the most important lesson – namely, be yourself and you’ll
be happy. Of the many stories I read while preparing for this Sunday’s reflections, one stood out. Here is that little
story, narrated by Marion Doolan, in the book “A 3rd Serving
of Chicken Soup for the Soul”:
I heard a knock at the door. Two children in ragged,
outgrown coats got inside as I opened the door. “Any old papers, lady?” I was busy. I wanted to say’
no’ until I looked down at their feet. Thin little sandals, sopped with sleet. “Come in, and I’ll make you
a cup of hot cocoa.” There was no conversation. Their soggy sandals left marks upon the hearthstone.
I served them cocoa and toast with jam to fortify them against the chill outside. Then I went back to the kitchen and
started again on my household budget… The silence in the front room struck me. I looked in. The girl held the empty
cup in her hands, looking at it. The boy asked in a flat voice, “Lady, are you rich?”“Am I rich? Mercy,
no!” I looked at my shabby slipcovers. The girl put her cup back in its saucer carefully. “Your cups match your
saucers.” Her voice was old, with a hunger that was not of the stomach. They left then, holding their bundles of papers
against the wind. They hadn’t said, “Thank you.” They didn’t need to. They had done more than that.
They told me that my plain blue pottery cups and saucers matched. I boiled the potatoes and stirred the gravy. Potatoes and
brown gravy, a roof over my head and my man with a good steady job: I was lucky. I moved the chairs back from the fire and
tidied the living room. The muddy prints of small sandals were still wet upon the hearthstone. Were not they the foot prints
of the Lord who visited me to intensify my joy by His presence? I let the prints remain. I wanted those footprints there in
case I ever forget again how very rich I am.
Our Hindu friends have a lovely custom of drawing the footprints of Baby Krishna in the house to symbolise
that through those footprints, many blessings would ‘walk’ into one’s family. At Christmas, we await the
footprints of the Divine Child in our human family. Let these footprints leave a lasting impression on us. May this little
Child of Bethlehem teach us what true bliss is!
The forerunner of this Divine Child, the cousin of Jesus, also teaches us good lessons in today’s
gospel. John the Baptist is the best example of a person who knew himself and his role well. The Gospel vouches for this:
was a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came for testimony, to bear witness to the light, that all might believe
through him. He was not the light, but came to bear witness to the light. And this is the testimony of John, when the Jews
sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, "Who
are you?" He confessed, he did not deny, but confessed, "I am not the Christ."
Using the popularity
he had already gained, John could have easily grabbed the lime-light for himself; but he did not do so. In spite of all the
hardships he faced in his life, John must have lived a happy, contented life, since he had a true knowledge of himself and
of his mission. If only we could have at least part of the clarity about self and mission that John the Baptist had, our lives
would be blissful!
A closing thought
on John ‘bearing witness to the light’… This phrase reminds
me of a lovely imagery that describes what Christmas is:
There is an old story of a father who, on a dark,
stormy night woke up with a start because of the lightning and claps of thunder. He thought of his small son alone in his
bedroom upstairs who might be scared of it all. So he rushed upstairs with his flashlight to check on the boy to see if he
was all right. He was flashing the light around the room when the boy woke up and said, with a startled cry, "Who's there?
Who's in my room?" The father's first thought was to flash the light in the face of the boy, but then he thought, "No.
If I do that, I will frighten him all the more." So he turned the light on his own face. And the little boy said, "Oh,
it's you, Dad." The father said, "Yes, it's Dad. I'm just up here checking on things. Everything's O.K., so go back
to sleep." And the little boy did.
That is what the Incarnation is all about. God's shining the light on His own face so that you and I
might know that everything is really O.K. The flash light that God uses to illuminate the face of Jesus is John the Baptist.
That is why the gospel says that John ‘was not the light but came to bear witness to the
light.’ How happy this world would be, if all of us could become flashlights turning
our beams on to the Divine Child!
Whisper a prayer for Pope Francis on Sunday, December 17, when he completes 81 years of his life. May the Good Shepherd lead
the Shepherd of Rome on paths of health, happiness and peace!
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
2nd Sunday of Advent
Two years back I received an email with the title
- Short Stories that make Us Think... The very first story of this series impressed me very much
and when I began reflecting on this Sunday’s theme, this story flashed in my radar once again. Here is the story:
Today, when I slipped on the wet tile floor
a boy in a wheelchair caught me before I slammed my head on the ground. He said, “Believe it or not, that’s almost
exactly how I injured my back 3 years ago.”
This short story is not an imaginative fiction. It is enacted millions of times all over the world in various forms.
The so-called ‘differently-abled’ people, in spite of their limitations, reach out to others in need. Unfortunately,
none of these wonderful events attract media attention, since these events are not ‘newsworthy’!
When does an event become ‘newsworthy’?
Let us get back to the story we have just shared. Let us imagine that the boy in the wheelchair was not there and the person
who slipped, slams his head on the floor. Let us also imagine that the accident took place at the courtyard of a government
office. The person who fell down, began to bleed due to the head injury and became unconscious. Many who passed by did not
stop to help and the person died… Well, now this becomes a news – perhaps a brief news on the fifth page of the
We are aware that the ‘newsworthy’ news that appear on our dailies and TV are mostly ‘bad
news’. While thousands of good news happen around the world, only ‘one-in-a-thousand’ bad news gets media
attention, since only they are ‘saleable’. Reading and watching such news over and over again, tend
to create a mental picture of the world for us… namely, that the world, in general, is bad. It is rarely capable of
Added to this,
nowadays, we have powerful social media apps at our disposal. We tend to circulate negative news via whatsapp even without
checking for its veracity. We go along the line of thinking used by the media, namely, to spread news (and rumours) that are
sensational, which usually are scandals and crimes.
Although our media institutions claim neutrality and verasity, we are aware that they follow dubious ways to create,
distort and disseminate news. We are aware that Gujarat Assembly elections began on December 9. In view of this election,
the Archbishop of Gandhinagar (Gujarat), Thomas Macwan, sent out a pastoral letter on November 21. Since the results of this
election will have repurcussions in the rest of the country, and since secular and democratic fabric of the country is at
stake, Archbishop Macwan urges the catholic people of Gujarat to pray.
“The Bishops of Gujarat State request you to organise
prayer services in your parishes and convents so that we may have such people elected in the Gujarat state Assembly who would
remain faithful to our Indian Constitution and respect every human being without any discrimination.”
Although the Archbishop’s letter does not
mention any party by name, one of the TV channels in India interpreted the letter as an attack against the ruling
party. In the so called ‘objective’ reporting and panel discussions, the TV channel was trying to put words into
the mouth of the Archbishop. It was a pathetic display of how media operates with its own hidden agenda!
Against such a background, we are invited to reflect
on how well-informed are we to deal with ‘news’ served by the media every day and how do we share news in our
family and friends circles. On the Second Sunday of Advent, the evangelist Mark invites us to reflect on the opening line
of his Gospel: The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God. (Mk 1:1). Of
the four Evangelists, only Mark uses the word ‘Gospel’ in the very opening line of his Gospel. The others begin
their Gospels with other words. Mark uses the special Greek word, ‘euangelion’ which implies
not only news, but the person who shares the news. Thus, we can easily see that Mark is presenting not a bunch of facts and
figures as his Gospel, but the person of Jesus Christ as the true Gospel.
After such a solemn opening line, we expect Mark to continue to record the story of Jesus as in the Gospels of Matthew
and Luke. But, Mark goes on to talk about John the Baptist who in turn preaches on baptism of repentance and forgiveness.
On a superficial level the opening line and the subsequent lines on John the Baptist, repentance and forgiveness don’t
seem congruent. But, on a deeper analysis we can see that ‘the gospel of Jesus Christ’ is precisely what John
the Baptist preached, namely, repentance and forgiveness.
Let us reflect on the message of John the Baptist via four ‘C’ words, namely, Contrition, Conversion,
Conviction and Commitment. Each of them is a gem, valuable and precious. But when strung together they become a priceless
jewel. They seem to have a logic about them. Let us try to understand this logic with an example:
Suppose I have wronged another person… (I
can hear you, friend! Why suppose this? I have wronged quite a few persons in truth… But that is not the point now!)
I feel sorry for what I have done. This is contrition. Feeling sorry is a good sentiment. It is a gem. But,
if I just stay in my feeling-sorry-state alone, not much good can come out of it. I need to get converted, meaning, I need
to get back to the person I have wronged to ask for his/her pardon. Contrition leading to conversion…
great! No, it is still not great. This act of mine should lead me to some sort of conviction that I should
not repeat this again. This conviction leads me to a commitment to set things right not only with this
one person I have wronged but with everything wrong in my life. So, contrition, conversion, conviction and commitment…
are gems stung together into a priceless jewel. When they follow one another in some order, there would be another C word…
CHANGE! Change within me and around me… Change for the better!
Such changes have occurred in human history many, many times. Let us turn our attention to the change brought
about by Shane Paul O'Doherty, a former member of Irish Republican Army (IRA). For 300 years
the people in Ireland have lived in the past. All they have done is remember the past, taking revenge on one another.
But slowly, one by one, on both sides, people began to repent, to look, not to the past, but to the future. One of the first
persons to do so was a man named Shane O'Doherty. He was the first former IRA member to come out publicly for peace. O’Doherty
joined the Irish Republican Army when he was 15 and became a leading IRA bomber for over five years. In
1976, at the age of 21, he was convicted of 31 counts of attempted murder and received 30 life sentences.
At his trial as a terrorist for the IRA, he had
to sit and listen to people tell what it was like to open those letters. Fourteen people testified against him, all innocent
victims, many of them mutilated because of what he had done. He said it was sitting in that court, face to face with people
who had been harmed by his actions that his conversion began. O’Doherty spent over 14 years in prison. Wracked by guilt
of his actions that resulted in injuries to innocent citizens, O’Doherty wrote letters to his victims and their families
from his cell. He publicly renounced his allegiance to the IRA and its code of beliefs.
When he got out of prison, O'Doherty started to
talk about building a new future in Ireland, instead of just repeating the past. He found that his life was now being
threatened by his former colleagues. But he continued to do it, because, he said, "I believe that one person
is able to make a difference just by talking about peace, just by making his witness. It begins in any nation, in any community,
with one person, then another, and then another, saying, ‘I'm going to accept the future that God is giving to us, rather
than simply repeating the past.’"
Contrition, conversion, conviction, commitment… all these noble elements which are the essence of the Gospel,
are evident in Shane’s life and he has CHANGED himself and, to a large extent, changed the people of Ireland. Come
to think of it, Shane and John the Baptist do have some similarities. Both of them wished to bring about the liberation of
their people. As Shane was a member of the IRA trying to bring about a drastic change in Ireland, John the Baptist, according
to some Bible scholars, may have been a member of one of the revolutionary groups of his times, trying to bring about the
liberation of Israel from the Roman oppression. Shane received his grace of conversion and commitment in prison while John
received his grace in the wilderness. Both were not satisfied with their personal change alone, but wished to change the society
around them… and succeeded a great extent!
Advent is a time of grace for each one of us to get converted, convinced and become committed to change – change
ourselves and the society around us!
Facing the End with enlightenment!
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
I Sunday of Advent
Last Sunday, November 26, residents of many coastal towns in Tamil
Nadu must have lived in panic. There were rumours that a tsunami was about to strike the coastal towns of Tamil Nadu, especially
Nagapattinam. Thank God, this rumour did not materialise. The number 26, and Sunday must have brought back memories of the
tragic tsunami that struck the coast of India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and many other Asian countries on December 26, 2004, which
also was a Sunday – the Feast of the Holy Family. Thousands of families were uprooted on that day due to the tidal waves
that struck us without any prior warning. There were rumours once again that the recent Cyclone Ockhi could cause tsunami.
Officials blamed that false WhatsApp messages were creating panic among people.
When there is a natural disaster – like earthquake and the resultant tsunami, eruption of a volcano, hurricane
etc. – our minds tend to think of the end of the world. Apart from natural disasters, certain years and dates create
false predictions. A few years back, some of us, or, most of us, may have had anxious moments… anxious because the
end of the world was imminent. According to the Mayan prediction, 21-12-2012, that is, 21st December 2012
was to be the end of the world. Such predictions and their subsequent anxiety have filled human history right from the time
of Christ… Or, perhaps, even earlier!
- In A.D. 204, Hippolytus, a Christian writer in Rome, recorded that a bishop
was convinced that the Lord was going to return immediately. He urged his followers to sell all their possessions and to follow
him into the wilderness to await the Lord’s coming.
- At the end of the first millennium, anticipation of the Second Coming ran high.
On the last day of 999, the basilica of St. Peter’s at Rome was filled with people who were weeping and trembling
as they expected the world to end.
- In 1978 the media flashed the shocking news of the mass suicide of 914 men and women from the U.S.A.,
belonging to a doomsday cult called The People’s Temple, in Jonestown, Guyana at the instruction of their paranoid leader
Rev. Warren (Jim) Jones.
- In March 1997, 39 members (21 women and 18 men) of a California cult called Heaven’s Gate, headed
by Marshall Applewhite, exploded onto the national scene with their mass suicide in a luxurious mansion at Rancho Santa Fe
near San Diego in California. This was their preparation for being safely transported to heaven by a UFO, thus
avoiding the tribulations accompanying the immediate end of the world.
- This anxiety ran high, once again, as we approached the end of 1999 and 2000.
- Books and movies on this topic
are far too many to count! The last one was the Hollywood movie 2012 which made good business in 2009.
When we speak about ‘The End’, most of our
thoughts and conversations are about how ‘terrible that day would be when the Master returns’. I can recall moments
in Chennai, when someone would suddenly thrust a paper, or a pamphlet into my hands as I was walking down the road. Those
were the roadside preachers who were trying to warn the people of the impending disaster. “The Day of the Lord is at
hand”… was their constant theme.
we begin a new liturgical year with the First Sunday in Advent. This season is meant to prepare us for the coming of the Divine
Child at Christmas. This is also a season where we can think about the Second Coming of Christ. This is the theme of today’s
began to say to his disciples: “Take heed, watch; for you do not know when the time will come. It is like a man going
on a journey, when he leaves home and puts his servants in charge, each with his work, and commands the doorkeeper to be on
the watch. Watch therefore--for you do not know when the master of the house will come, in the evening, or at midnight, or
at cockcrow, or in the morning-- lest he come suddenly and find you asleep. And what I say to you I say to all: Watch.”
We are NOT SURE of the when, where and how of this Second
Coming and the end of the world. It could come tomorrow or after hundred thousand years later. But, we are VERY SURE of our
going out of this world one day. Instead of spending our time and energy on the end of the world, it would surely be
beneficial to us to spend time on our departure from the world. Even in our departure, instead of spending time on when we
would depart, we can think about how we could or should depart. In today’s gospel,
Christ gives us the necessary tips as to how we should prepare for our departure... Take heed, be watchful,
watchful and being responsible have different shades of meaning. We can be watchful and be responsible out of fear or out
of love. We can carry out our responsibilities for the sake of pleasing others (trying to be on our best behaviour in front
of the Master) or, simply being honest and sincere in what we are doing, irrespective of whether we are being watched or not.
Two stories come to my mind…
years ago, a tourist visited the Castle Villa Asconti on the shores of Lake Como in northern Italy. Only the old gardener
opened the gates, and the visitor stepped into the garden, which was perfectly kept. The visitor asked when the owner was
last there. He was told, "Twelve years ago." Did he ever write? No. Where did he get instructions? From his agent
in Milan. Does the master ever come? No. "But, you keep the grounds as though your master were coming back tomorrow."
The old gardener quickly replied, "Today, sir, today."
Years ago, when 20th Century Fox advertised in the New York papers to fill a vacancy in its sales force, one applicant
replied: "I am at present selling furniture at the address below. You may judge my ability as a salesperson if you will
stop in to see me at anytime, pretending that you are interested in buying furniture. When you come in, you can identify me
by my red hair. And I should have no way of identifying you. Such salesmanship as I exhibit during your visit, therefore,
will be no more than my usual workday approach and not a special effort to impress a prospective employer." From among
more than 1500 applicants, this person got the job.
something to please one’s own conscience and, ultimately God, would set the enlightened apart from the unenlightened,
who keep doing things to please others all the time. Here are two samples from the lives of the enlightened…
Once John Wesley was asked what he would do if he knew
this was his last day on earth. He replied, "At 4 o'clock I would have some tea. At 6 I would visit Mrs. Brown in the
hospital. Then at 7:30 I would conduct a mid-week prayer service. At 10 I would go to bed and would wake up in glory."
There is a story about
St.Philip Neri. (My friend told me that he had heard the same story attributed to another saint. I guess all saints are, more
or less, of the same mould.) Wikipedia describes the character of St.Philip Neri in the following words: St.Philip
possessed a playful humour, combined with a shrewd wit. He considered a cheerful temper to be more Christian than a melancholy
one, and carried this spirit into his whole life: "A joyful heart is more easily made perfect than a downcast one."
Here is an incident
from the life of St.Philip Neri: While Philip was playing cards with his friends, one of them asked him what he would do if
he knew that his death was imminent. Without any hesitation, Philip told him that he would continue playing cards.
I can well imagine that if Philip had died playing
cards, he would simply continue playing cards on the other side of the grave as well. Only his companions would have changed
to… God and angles!
us beg of God to give us this enlightenment!
The World Day of the Poor
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
33rd Sunday of Ordinary
We begin this Sunday’s reflection with St Lawrence,
the courageous deacon of the 3rd century. I am quoting extensively from the blog ‘Word on Fire’
written by Brandon Vogt, under the title - ST.LAWRENCE AND THE TRUE TREASURES OF THE CHURCH:
Persecution was a daily reality for third-century Christians in Rome. And in 258, the Emperor Valerian began
another massive round. He issued an edict commanding that all bishops, priests, and deacons should be put to death, and he
gave the Imperial treasury, power to confiscate all money and possessions from Christians.
In light of the news, Pope Sixtus II quickly ordained a young Spanish
theologian, Lawrence, to become archdeacon of Rome. The important position put Lawrence in charge of the Church’s
riches, and it gave him responsibility for the Church’s outreach to the poor. The pope sensed his own days were numbered
and therefore commissioned Lawrence to protect the Church’s treasure.
On August 6, 258, Valerian captured Pope Sixtus while he celebrated the liturgy,
and had him beheaded. Afterwards, he set his sights on the pope’s young protégé, Lawrence. But before
killing him, the Emperor demanded the archdeacon turn over all the riches of the Church. He gave Lawrence three
days to round it up.
swiftly. He sold the Church’s vessels and gave the money to widows and the sick. He distributed all the Church’s
property to the poor. On the third day, the Emperor summoned Lawrence to his palace and asked for the treasure.
With great aplomb, Lawrence entered the palace, stopped, and then gestured back to the door where, streaming in behind him,
poured crowds of poor, crippled, blind, and suffering people. “These are the true treasures of the Church,” he
boldly proclaimed. One early account even has him adding, "The Church is truly rich, far richer than the Emperor."
Unsurprisingly, Lawrence’s act of defiance infuriated the
Emperor. Valerian ordered his death that same day via grilling on a rack. Hundreds of year later, Lawrence is still
remembered for his final jest: while being barbecued alive, he quipped to his executioners, “I'm well done. Turn me
his quip is how many people remember Lawrence, we shouldn't forget his insight regarding the Church’s real treasure.
Many people criticize the Church for being too opulent and rich, and the criticism is true. She is unfathomably wealthy. But
that wealth is bound not in buildings, art, and vessels but in her suffering and vulnerable faithful, who though poor in spirit
have inherited a kingdom surpassing even the glories of Rome.
November 19, this Sunday, we are invited to recapture and re-live the famous
axiom of St Lawrence that claimed that the poor people are “the true treasures of the Church”! Yes, the 33rd Sunday
of Ordinary Time is celebrated as the World Day of the Poor, as wished by Pope Francis at the end of the ‘Extraordinary
Jubilee of Mercy’. It is fitting that this World Day of the Poor, to be celebrated for the very first time by the Church,
begins with a Vigil service held at St Lawrence Basilica in Rome.
In the famous Apostolic Letter “Misericordia et Misera”, released at the end of the Jubilee Year, Pope
Francis spoke about this world day this way: “During the ‘Jubilee for Socially Excluded People’,
(Nov.13, 2016)…, I had the idea that, as yet another tangible sign of this Extraordinary Holy Year, the entire Church
might celebrate, on the Thirty-Third Sunday of Ordinary Time, the World Day of the Poor. This would be the worthiest way to
prepare for the celebration of the Solemnity of our Lord Jesus Christ, King of the Universe, who identified with the little
ones and the poor and who will judge us on our works of mercy (cf. Mt 25:31-46).”
All of us know that the Jubilee of Mercy brought many groups to Rome to
celebrate their Jubilees. Starting with the Jubilee for those Engaged in Pilgrimage Work (January 2016), there were 14 different
groups who celebrated their Jubilee, either in Vatican, or, as in the case of the Youth, who celebrated their Jubilee along
with the World Youth Day in Krakow, Poland (26-31 July, 2016). The Canonization of St Teresa of Culcutta, was a peak event
in the Jubilee Year coinciding with the Jubilee for Workers of Mercy and Volunteers (2-4 September, 2016).
For the Jubilees up to November, traditional groups were the invitees. For
the Final two Jubilees, Vatican hosted ‘extraordinary’ invitees for the first time in the Church history,
namely, the Prisoners (5-6 November 2016) and the Socially Excluded (11-13, November 2016). On November 11, when Pope Francis
met the socially excluded people in Paul VI auditorium, there was a very moving and meaningful moment towards the end of that
meeting. After the Pope had given his talk and his Blessings, the poor persons (around 10 of them) seated on either side of
Pope Francis gathered close to the Pope, laid their hands on his shoulders and prayed for him. At that time the traditional
hymn of the Holy Spirit - ‘Veni Creator’ - was sung.
The Supreme Pontiff
of the Holy Catholic Church being prayed over by the poor people, reminded one strongly of the first encounter of Pope Francis
with the people gathered in St Peter’s Square on March 13, 2013. On the day of his election, when Pope Francis appeared
on the balcony of St Peter’s Basilica, before giving them the famous ‘Urbi et Orbi’ blessing, he requested
the people to pray for him. Then he bowed in front of the people in a moment of silence and the whole Square fell silent,
praying for the Bishop of Rome, the Supreme Pontiff. Touched by the powerful experience of the Jubilee of the Socially Excluded,
Pope Francis wished to add the World Day of the Poor in the Liturgical calendar of the Catholic Church.
Let us conclude our reflection with some extracts from the message of Pope
Francis for the First World Day of the Poor. This message was titled: Let us love, not with words but with deeds
1. “Little children, let us not love in word or speech, but in deed
and in truth” (1 Jn 3:18). These words of the Apostle John voice an imperative that no Christian may disregard.
The seriousness with which the “beloved disciple” hands down Jesus’ command to our own day is made even
clearer by the contrast between the empty words so frequently on our lips and the concrete deeds against which we are called
to measure ourselves. Love has no alibi.
2. “…In the very
first pages of the Acts of the Apostles, Peter asks that seven men, “full of the Spirit and of wisdom” (6:3),
be chosen for the ministry of caring for the poor. This is certainly one of the first signs of the entrance of the Christian
community upon the world’s stage: the service of the poor.
3. Over these two thousand years, how many pages of history have been written by Christians who, in utter simplicity
and humility, and with generous and creative charity, have served their poorest brothers and sisters! The most outstanding
example is that of Francis of Assisi, followed by many other holy men and women over the centuries.
If we truly wish to encounter Christ, we have to touch his body in the suffering
bodies of the poor, as a response to the sacramental communion bestowed in the Eucharist. The Body of Christ, broken
in the sacred liturgy, can be seen, through charity and sharing, in the faces and persons of the most vulnerable of our brothers
and sisters. Saint John Chrysostom’s admonition remains ever timely: “If you want to honour the body of
Christ, do not scorn it when it is naked; do not honour the Eucharistic Christ with silk vestments, and then, leaving the
church, neglect the other Christ suffering from cold and nakedness”
4. Let us, then, take as our example Saint Francis and his witness of authentic poverty. Precisely because
he kept his gaze fixed on Christ, Francis was able to see and serve him in the poor. If we want to help change history and
promote real development, we need to hear the cry of the poor and commit ourselves to ending their marginalization.
6. At the conclusion of the Jubilee of Mercy, I wanted to offer the Church
a World Day of the Poor, so that throughout the world Christian communities can become an ever greater sign of Christ’s
charity for the least and those most in need. To the World Days instituted by my Predecessors, which are already a tradition
in the life of our communities, I wish to add this one, which adds to them an exquisitely evangelical fullness, that is, Jesus’
preferential love for the poor.
I invite the whole
Church, and men and women of good will everywhere, to turn their gaze on this day to all those who stretch out their hands
and plead for our help and solidarity.
7. It is my wish that, in the week preceding the World
Day of the Poor, which falls this year on 19 November, the Thirty-third Sunday of Ordinary Time, Christian communities will
make every effort to create moments of encounter and friendship, solidarity and concrete assistance. They can invite
the poor and volunteers to take part together in the Eucharist on this Sunday, in such a way that there be an even more authentic
celebration of the Solemnity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Universal King, on the following Sunday.
This Sunday, if there are poor people where we live who seek protection and
assistance, let us draw close to them: it will be a favourable moment to encounter the God we seek. Following the teaching
of Scripture (cf. Gen 18:3-5; Heb 13:2), let us welcome them as honoured guests at our table; they can be teachers who help
us live the faith more consistently. With their trust and readiness to receive help, they show us in a quiet and often joyful
way, how essential it is to live simply and to abandon ourselves to God’s providence.
9. This new World Day, therefore, should become a powerful appeal to our consciences as believers, allowing us to
grow in the conviction that sharing with the poor enables us to understand the deepest truth of the Gospel. The poor
are not a problem: they are a resource from which to draw as we strive to accept and practise in our lives the essence of
Light (Lift) up your hearts…
32nd Sunday in Ordinary Time
“Marriages are made in heaven” is a proverb that must have come from another
planet. On earth no one would believe this. Marriages are made right here on earth after
meticulous calculations. Wedding is planned, months ahead. Still, on the Wedding Day, there could be hundred and one things
that could go wrong. I am thinking of a particular wedding I attended a few years ago in Chennai, India.
It was a big-time wedding, very well planned and executed to a T... almost. Almost? Yes.
When the time came for the groom to tie the proverbial knot,
instead of tying the knot, he had other plans. He had bought a specially designed golden chain abroad that would serve as
the ‘thali’. The problem with this foreign ‘thali’ was that it had to be slipped over the head on
to the neck of the bride rather than tied around it. The groom placed the ‘thali’ over the head of the bride and,
to his shock, he found that the circumference was TOO SMALL. The chain could have easily slipped down the head on to the neck
if the bride was not wearing any other extra-fitting on her head. But on the wedding day, the bride had quite a few extra-fittings
on her head, spending nothing less than three hours to get them in place. Well, to cut the story short, the bride had to be
taken to the sacristy to remove all the extra-fittings and she came back to the altar looking much simpler. Then the ‘thali’
was placed around her neck. This unforeseen ‘ceremony’ took almost fifteen minutes.
If hundred plans are laid out for a perfect wedding, an unexpected hundred-and-first problem
would crop up. Jesus talks of a wedding feast in today’s gospel – a wedding feast where things went wrong. Jesus
closes this parable with a simple, straightforward lesson – Be prepared!
Jesus talks of ten virgins – five of whom were wise and the other five, foolish. This
parable begins with one of the wedding ceremonies – welcoming the bridegroom. I would like to go back in time and imagine
how these ten maids would have prepared for this wedding feast. Let us begin with the foolish ones. The moment they heard
that they were going to be bridesmaids, they would have been thrilled. They would have made a mental list of what are to be
wear a particular dress with matching jewels.
- To buy a pair of sandals to match the dress and the jewels.
- To get the nails manicured.
- To clean up the lamp and decorate it with flowers.
Their list must have been longer than this.
We can assume that the wise ones also made their plans. But the first item on their list
was: To take extra oil for the lamp. The wise ones were very clear about
what was essential while the foolish ones were busy with non-essentials. Most of our life events are made easier or more complicated
depending on how capable we are in differentiating the essentials and the non-essentials.
While we are busy ‘finding fault’ with the five foolish virgins for not getting
ready with the essentials, we can also do some soul searching. Often, we get invited to attend the feast arranged by the Lord
– namely, the Eucharist. How do we get prepared?
In the wedding we spoke of at the beginning, there were cameras all over the church. This
is the case in most of our ‘sacramental moments’ – be it a Baptism, First Communion, Wedding, Ordination
etc. In case Bishops and Cardinals are invited for these celebrations, we can be assured that the whole function will get
recorded with dazzling flood lights.
How do we get prepared, let us say, if we have been invited
to attend the Mass celebrated by the Pope? Our first thoughts would be to go at least one hour in advance to the church or
to the square where the Papal Mass would be celebrated. What for? To occupy the best spot! Best spot, in terms of capturing
the image of the Pope in close range. If possible, we would try to take some ‘selfie’ as the Pope passes by or
even as he is celebrating the Mass. This is not the trend only among the people. Unfortunately, even the concelebrants –
Priests and Bishops – are busy taking photoes during the Papal Masses.
Last Wednesday, (November 8) Pope Francis, began a new series
of catecheses on the Holy Eucharist. In his introductory remarks, the Holy Father was trying to tell the audience that we
need to attend the Holy Mass, understanding the significance of each part as well as teach our children the meaning of each
part of the Mass. The sign of the cross at the beginning, the
penitential rite, the readings… everyone of them has a purpose, he said. When he came to the part of the Preface, when
the priest says, “Lift up your hearts”, Pope Francis closed the prepared speech and began sharing spontaneously
on how we tend to lose the sacred significance of the Eucharist due to our other preoccupations, especially our preoccupation
to take photoes. He expressed his sadness over this craze not only among the people but also among priests and bishops. Here
are the remarks by Pope Francis:
does the priest presiding at the celebration say at a certain point: ‘Lift up your hearts’? He does not say: ‘Lift
up your cell phones to take a photo!’. No, that’s bad! I tell you, it makes me sad when I am celebrating here
in Saint Peter’s Square or in the Basilica to see many cell phones lifted up, not only by the faithful but also by some
priests and even bishops! But please! Mass is not a spectacle: it is going to encounter the Passion and Resurrection of the
Lord. This is why the priest says: ‘Lift up your hearts’… Remember: no cell phones.”
As we tend to blame the five virgins for not getting ready
in a proper way, we take these words of Pope Francis and attend the Banquet given by God the Father in honour of His Son with
a more meaningful participation, rather than treat this invitation as a ticket for an entertainment.
Let us get back to the parable! A deeper analysis of the parable gives us another insight.
There was a delay in the arrival of the bridegroom (Matthew 25:5). The foolish ones could have used this delay to set things
right. Unfortunately, their minds were still filled with non-essentials like… how each one looked in their dress and
how well their lamps were polished etc. They did not have the time or the energy to think of what they were lacking. By the
time they realised what they lacked, it was too late.
reminds me of an incident that happened in 1988 in the U.S. Here
is the news item that appeared in the Orlando Sentinel:
Police Say Excited Sky Diver Forgot To Put On His Parachute
April 05, 1988 (By United Press International) LOUISBURG,
N.C. — A veteran sky diver who fell 10,500 feet to his death apparently forgot to wear a parachute in his excitement
to film other sky divers, police said Monday after seeing footage taken by the man during his final free fall.
Ivan Lester McGuire, 35, of Durham died
in the bizarre accident Saturday.
was filming a jump by other parachutists. Footage recorded by a voice-activated camera attached to his helmet led investigators
to believe McGuire did not realize he was without a parachute.
of his friends claimed that McGuire had shot sky diving events over 800 times. Still, on that day he had forgotten the essential…
a deadly mistake, literally!
Differentiating the essentials and non-essentials is not
always easy. Sometimes essentials can become non-essential and vice-versa. All of us know the ‘Titanic’. This
un-sinkable ship was sunk on its very first voyage. Many of the passengers in the Titanic were very rich. While the ship was
sinking, while the passengers were staring death right in the face, they must have been enlightened about the essentials of
life. Here is a very ‘enlightening’ story from the final moments of the Titanic.
A frightened woman found her place in a lifeboat that was
about to be lowered into the raging North Atlantic. She suddenly thought of something she needed,
so she asked permission to return to her stateroom before they cast off. She was granted three minutes or they would leave
without her. She ran across the deck that was already slanted at a dangerous angle. She raced through the gambling room with
all the money that had rolled to one side, ankle deep. She came to her stateroom and quickly pushed aside her diamond rings
and expensive bracelets and necklaces as she reached to the shelf above her bed and grabbed three small oranges. She quickly
found her way back to the lifeboat and got in. Now that seems incredible because thirty minutes earlier she would not have
chosen a crate of oranges over the smallest diamond. But death had boarded the Titanic. One blast of its awful breath had
transformed all values. Instantaneously, priceless things had become worthless. Worthless things had become priceless. And
in that moment she preferred three small oranges to a crate of diamonds.
Do we have to wait till death to figure out what is essential for a meaningful, peaceful,
blissful life? Most of us tend to postpone ‘the moment of truth’ till death. Most of us would also presume that
this moment of truth would come at the right time, meaning, at a ripe old age. May the words of Jesus, given as the closing
words of this parable, wake us up from our reverie about this ‘moment of truth’: “Therefore
keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour.” (Mt 25:13)
Forgiving… a breadth of fresh air
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
in Ordinary Time
President Clinton tells of his first meeting with Nelson Mandela. In his conversation with
this great leader of South Africa, the president said, “When you were released
from prison, Mr. Mandela, I woke my daughter at three o’clock in the morning. I wanted her to see this historic event.
As you marched from the cellblock across the yard to the gate of the prison, the camera focused in on your face. I have never
seen such anger, and even hatred, in any man as was expressed on your face at that time. That’s not the Nelson Mandela
I know today. What was that all about?”
Mandela answered, “I’m surprised that you saw that, and I regret that the cameras
caught my anger. As I walked across the courtyard that day I thought to myself, ‘They’ve
taken everything from you that matters. Your cause is dead. Your family is gone. Your friends have been killed. Now they’re
releasing you, but there’s nothing left for you out there.’ And I hated them for what they
had taken from me. Then, I sensed an inner voice saying to me, ‘Nelson! For twenty-seven years
you were their prisoner, but you were always a free man! Don’t allow them to make you into a free man, only to turn
you into their prisoner!’” (Let Me Tell You a Story By Tony Campolo)
Thank God, Nelson Mandela listened to this inner voice. Otherwise,
he would have served life-imprisonment in his hatred. Forgiveness had set him a free person and, even after his death, he
lives on as an inspiration to thousands of men and women all over the world.
Today’s Gospel invites us to reflect on one of the magical ability human beings possess
– the ability to forgive and be forgiven. Both these are two sides of the same coin, as expressed by St Francis of Assisiin
his famous prayer for peace: “In pardoning, we are pardoned.” We are called to reflect on this basic gift given
to every human being.
It is now 16 years since the ‘9/11 attacks’ took
place in the U.S. 9 and 11… are not simply numbers. They are painful memories etched deep in the psyche of not only
the people in the U.S. but of the rest of the world as well.
In 2011, 10 years after this tragedy, the 9/11 Memorial in New York at
Ground Zero was opened. This Memorial has many meaningful exhibits, one of them being a cross. Here is a newspaper report
on this cross:
A cross-shaped steel beam
found amid the wreckage in the days following the September 11 terrorist attack has been lowered 70 feet down into the bowels
of where the twin towers once stood to become part of the exhibit at the National September 11th Memorial and Museum. The
two-ton, 20-foot-high T-beam, which has now become a religious relic, was taken from its temporary post near the oldest Roman
Catholic parish in New York City, St Peter's, it was a symbol of hope for many working on rescue and recovery there, so much
so that the construction worker who discovered it believes he stumbled on to a miracle. 'I saw Calvary in
the midst of all the wreckage, the disaster,' Frank Silecchia recalled. 'It was a sign... that God didn't desert us.' (By
Daily Mail Reporter, 25th July 2011)
Although the American Atheists have objected to this Cross
being part of the Memorial, it is very heartening to see that thousands have drawn inspiration from the Cross. The Cross inspires
people in so many ways and teaches us so many lessons. One of the lessons learnt from the Cross and, more particularly, from
the Crucified Christ is forgiveness. He preached and practised forgiveness all his life. He ‘breathed’ forgiveness
and hence when he was about to stop breathing, he wanted to leave that as his last breath.
It would be hard for us to deal with all that Jesus did and said about forgiveness. We shall
focus on just one aspect of forgiveness taught by Jesus. How many times do we forgive someone who errs? All of us must have
faced this question in our lives. Peter had this doubt too. Here are the opening lines from today’s Gospel:
Matthew 18: 21-22
Then Peter came up and said to him, “Lord,
how often will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? As many as seven times?” Jesus said to him, “I do
not say to you seven times, but seventy times seven.”
This conversation between Jesus and Peter is not a lesson in numbers. Forgiveness goes beyond
numbers and calculations. When Peter asked Jesus whether forgiving seven times would be sufficient enough, Peter would have
imagined that Jesus would appreciate him. Forgiving someone seven times was quite a generous gesture for a Jew. But, Jesus
tells him to go beyond.
imagine the conversation between Jesus and Peter in this fashion:
Peter: Lord, how often will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? As many
as seven times?
Peter, your question is pretty surprising to me. ‘How often should I forgive my brother?’ It is like asking me,
‘How often should I breathe?’ If you don’t breathe, you die. If you don’t forgive, you die too. The
simple formula… Forgiving = breathing.
Peter must have been stumped by this response from Jesus. So are we all. To say that forgiving
should be as much part of us as breathing seems too contrived, too much of an exaggeration, isn’t it? But, it is surely
worth the try.
There are people in the world who have tried this and have
lived out forgiveness to the full – one of them being Nelson Mandela. I am sure most of us have heard of many instances
where people were ready to forgive way beyond expectations. I am reminded of the news item which talked about how a father
went to the death row to meet the young man who had raped and killed his teenage daughter. After coming back from meeting
the young man, the father told the media that putting that man to death was surely not a solution and that he would want that
man to come out of prison to lead a better life.
have heard of a documentary “As We Forgive” made by Laura Waters Hinson in 2008 about the people of Rwanda.
In February 2009, inspired by this movie, Catherine Claire Larson wrote a book: As We Forgive: Stories
of Reconciliation from Rwanda. Here is a review of
the book from Publishers Weekly:
scarred and nearly destroyed by the 1994 brutality of the Hutu genocide of Tutsis—is now called an uncharted case study
in forgiveness by author Larson, who was inspired by the award-winning film As We Forgive. Individual stories form prototypes:
there is Rosaria, left for dead in a pile of bodies, who forgives her sister’s killer. And Chantal, whose family is
brutally murdered yet who forgives her neighbor for the crimes. Devota, mutilated and left for dead, survives, forgives and
eventually adopts several orphans. Each story is horrible and deeply personal as Larson mines the truths of forgiveness deep
in each ones tale. Helpful interludes offer readers hands-on ways to facilitate forgiveness and take the next step to reconciliation
in their own lives. This isn’t an easy book to read or digest, yet its message is mandatory: Forgiveness can push out
the borders of what we believe is possible. Reconciliation can offer us a glimpse of the transfigured world to come.
Copyright © Reed Business Information, a division of
Reed Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
the tragic events of 9/11, there were many decisions made – decisions that were official as well as personal. Official
decisions were focussed more on hunting down the perpetrators of this tragedy. These decisions resulted in more deaths in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Retaliations by the ‘terrorists’ took place in other places. The chain of revenge, retaliation, retribution still
continues. Unfortunately, only these violent events have been reported by the media and are embedded in our memory. But, there
were hundreds and thousands of personal decisions made by individuals to snap this chain of violence and begin the process
of reconciliation. Revenge, retaliation, retribution can be stopped by reconciliation at the personal level as was done by
Nelson, Rosaria, Chantal, Devota… and thousands more. There must have been thousands of such healing stories after
the 9/11 attacks.
The Lord invites us today to search for and concentrate on
these true events that are not easily available to us from the media. We need to go the extra mile to reach reconciliation.
We need to fathom deeper to discover forgiveness. It has taken ten years to clear the debris of Ground Zero and turn that
spot into a Memorial. It would take each of us a life long time to clear the debris of hatred and revenge in our hearts to
turn them into 24x7 clinic of healing!
Prescriptions for Peace – from Dr Jesus
by Rev. Fr. L. S. Jerome
in Ordinary Time
Some emails go
around the web world repeatedly. One such mail that I have been receiving now and then in the past few years, is the short
reflection written by Brian G. Dyson, the former CEO of Coca Cola. I am sure all of you must have seen this reflection too.
Brian’s reflections as well as today’s gospel talk about family relationships. Here is what Brian wrote: “Imagine
life as a game in which you are juggling some five balls in the air. You name them - Work - Family - Health - Friends - Spirit,
and you're keeping all of these in the air.
You will soon understand that work is a rubber ball. If you drop it,
it will bounce back. But the other four balls -- family, health, friends and spirit are made of glass. If you drop one of
these, they will be irrevocably scuffed, marked, nicked, damaged or even shattered. They will never be the same. You must
understand that and strive for balance in your life.”
Brian goes on to give 12 tips as to how one
can balance one’s life. Today’s Gospel talks of how to achieve balance in a relationship that is soured or how
to set right the mistake committed in our family circles. The words of Jesus sound simple - I would even say simplistic -
but, very challenging. Here is the text from today’s Gospel of Matthew:
Matthew 18: 15-17
Jesus said: “If your brother
(or sister) sins against you, go and show him his fault, just between the two of you. If he listens to you, you have won your
But if he will not listen, take one or two others along, so that 'every matter may be established
by the testimony of two or three witnesses.'
If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if
he refuses to listen even to the church, treat him as you would a pagan or a tax collector.”
The opening words of Jesus are a veritable
salvo… Although I have read this passage quite a few times, this was the first time I felt the impact of this salvo.
Jesus begins by saying, “If your brother (or sister) sins against you,…”
When a problem arises in our family or among
friends, we expect the one who had committed the mistake to take the first step. But, here Jesus reverses this logic. Not
the one who sins, but the one who is sinned against needs to take the first step towards setting things right! I am reminded
of the famous lines of Jesus in his Sermon on the Mount.
Matthew 5: 23-24
Therefore, if you are offering
your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, leave your gift there in front of the
altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift.
Jesus did not say ‘if
you have something against your brother or sister’, but he makes it clear that even ‘if
your brother or sister has something against you’, you cannot proceed with your offering… Talk about
In both these instances, I presume, Jesus
was more keen on getting the problem resolved rather than spending time on investigating as to who caused the problem or wait
for the ‘culprit’ to take the initiative. Hence, he proposes that we take the initiative and He says this simply
AS A MATTER OF FACT, as a matter of NORMAL COURSE OF ACTION. If only in every family, someone takes the initiative to resolve
the conflict as soon as it arises, instead of allowing it to fester, so many hurt feelings can be healed… So many psychiatrists,
and, even priests, would go out of business!
Jesus proposes three steps for resolving family problems. The first one is
the most sensible adult-to-adult transaction. Confronting (or, care-fronting) the person privately and telling him or her
about the mistake… calling a spade a spade! When this does not work, then the second and third steps, namely, the intervention
of a third party!
Quite a few scripture
scholars say that the very last step proposed in Matthew’s gospel, namely, “treat him as you would a pagan or
a tax collector”, may have been an addition by Matthew. This line does not reflect the ‘all-inclusive-attitude’
of Jesus. I tend to agree with this view, especially since Jesus, in the opening lines of this passage, proposes the hard
step of taking the initiative to resolve problems. This initiative is more towards reconciliation and healing rather than
sitting in judgement on my brother or sister.
Talking of family problems, one can think of the way TV serials (soap operas)
handle these problems. Every episode tries to make family problems more and more complicated. The more complex the problem,
the better for the soaps. Unfortunately, there is a sizeable audience which tends to agree with soaps that tell us that family
problems are always complicated. As against this, when Jesus proposes simple, adult-to-adult transactions, we tend to brush
his words aside saying that they are too idealistic or impossible!
Talking of how simple things can help foster family ties, I am reminded of
the meeting Pope Francis had with the families in October 2013. There were thousands of family people who had gathered in
St Peter’s Square as one of the peak events of the Year of Faith. This meeting of Pope Francis is etched deep in our
memory due to a small boy in yellow shirt! He kept Pope Francis engaged for quite a few minutes and this video went viral
on the YouTube! In this meeting, Pope Francis spoke of three magical words that would make any family healthy. Here are the
words of Pope Francis:
“Some weeks ago, in this very square, I said that in order to have a healthy family, three
words need to be used. And I want to repeat these three words: please, thank you, sorry. Three
essential words! We say please so as not to be forceful in family life: “May I please do this? Would you be happy if
I did this?” We do this with a language that seeks agreement. We say thank you, thank you for love! But be honest
with me, how many times do you say thank you to your wife, and you to your husband? How many days go by without uttering
this word, thanks! And the last word: sorry. We all make mistakes and on occasion someone gets offended in the marriage, in
the family, and sometimes - I say - plates are smashed, harsh words are spoken but please listen to my advice: don’t
ever let the sun set without reconciling. Peace is made each day in the family: “Please forgive me”, and then
you start over. Please, thank you, sorry! Shall we say them together? [They reply “yes”] Please, thank you
and sorry. Let us say these words in our families! To forgive one another each day!”
What Jesus proposes in the today’s Gospel
sounds too simplistic and hence, we back off. We would rather go to a psychiatrist who may make things more complicated than
go to Jesus. Similarly, the three magical words of Pope Francis - Please, thank you and sorry - also may sound too simplistic.
Simple things, quite often, slip out of our focus.
If only we could give an honest chance for the words of Jesus as well as the
advice of Pope Francis!!!...
P.S. We began
this reflection with the warning given by Brian G. Dyson who talks of how we may break the glass ball ‘family’
beyond repair. For many of us when something breaks, we consider it as the end. Our throw-away culture tends to dump it in
trash. But, there is another side to ‘broken things’. This is proposed by Sean Buranahiran, a young man, probably
from Thailand. This video is called “Be Proud of your Scars”
Here is what Sean says:
“When a bowl is broken in Japan,
it is put back together with the cracks being filled with gold, creating a beautiful lining. This is to emphasize the beauty
in what was once broken. They believe that when something has suffered damage and has a history, it makes it more beautiful.
And the same goes for human beings.
Everything you have been through, everything you’re going through, doesn’t make your life uglier although it may
seem that way when we’re going through it. It’s up to us to choose to paint our struggles with gold and make it
You are not broken beyond repair. You can pick yourself up and learn from what’s happened
and become a better person from it… You can wear your scars proudly as a badge of honour…
Nobody has had a perfect life and
nobody ever will. It’s only up to us if we choose to paint our broken pieces gold and make it beautiful…
I once heard a quote that said, “Every
next level of your life will demand a new you” and sometimes it takes being broken in order to become that new version
Proclaiming violence and destruction!
by Rev, Fr. L.X. Jerome
in Ordinary Time
In 1961 the Good
Pope St John XXIII wrote an encyclical called ‘Mater et Magistra’. This, along with his other more famous one
– ‘Pacem in Terris’ – the one on world peace, addressed to all the people of good will, stand out
among his various encyclicals. ‘Mater et Magistra’, written during the troubled 60s, described the Church's beautiful
role as a mother of the faithful, but also her duty as a teacher of humankind. One Catholic columnist who was upset by what
the Pope had to say, wrote an essay entitled “Mater sí, Magistra no!” For him it was fine that Church was
a tender, loving mother, but he closed his ears when she pronounced teachings he did not like.
This columnist is, probably, a representative
of many of us. Many of us turn to the Church as a protecting, embracing Mother when we are badly hurt. When a loved one dies
or some other crisis explodes, people instinctively turn to the Church like an injured child seeking the healing touch of
the mother. It is good that the Church welcomes us in a motherly embrace; but when the Church tries to show us why we hurt
ourselves and others, we tend to back away from her.
Last Sunday we saw Jesus as a mother rewarding Peter for his profession of
faith. This week we see Jesus, the Teacher. The switch over was only a matter of minutes. When Jesus spoke about building
the Church on the shoulders of Peter, he must have gone on a flight of fantasy. The term ‘Messiah’, used by Peter
in his profession of faith, means ‘the anointed’. When Peter used this title for Jesus he must have imagined Jesus
being anointed like the kings of Israel. Especially as they were approaching Jerusalem,
Peter’s instincts must have told him that something special was going to happen in the city.
Jesus opens today’s Gospel by saying
that something special was going to happen in Jerusalem, but not as imagined by Peter: From
that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief
priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. (Matthew 16:21)
This prediction of Jesus must have brought
Peter crashing down from his flights of fantasy. He wanted to put some sense into his Master and received a very strong reprimand: "Get
behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me; for you are not on the side of God, but of men." (Mt.
Jesus addressing Peter as ‘Satan’
sounds too harsh. But, it also opens our eyes to see some similarities between what Jesus experienced at the beginning of
his ministry, in the desert, and now, almost at the end of his ministry… on his way to Jerusalem.
The temptations offered by Satan in the desert were ‘good’ temptations. Satan did not tempt Jesus to kill, to
cheat etc. They were simply temptations related to short-cuts and compromises. Similarly, towards the end of his ministry,
as he was approaching Jerusalem, Jesus is tempted by his close friend, Peter.
What Peter suggested was not anything ‘bad’. Probably he would have suggested to Jesus not to clash with the temple
authorities etc. Peter was truly concerned about Jesus’ safety.
This brings us closer home. Most of our temptations
are not about killing, cheating, etc. They are temptations of ‘simple adjustments’, and ‘minor compromises’.
Quite often, they come from those who love us and are concerned about us.
We are sadly aware that compromises with the
world cannot lead us to the Kingdom. The road to the Kingdom is the road less travelled. Jesus himself has given us an indication
about this lonely journey or battle we have to undertake. “Enter by the narrow gate; for
the gate is wide and the way is easy, that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. For the gate is narrow
and the way is hard, that leads to life, and those who find it are few.” (Matthew 7:13-14)
Many prophets were required to take up this
lonely and, seemingly, meaningless mission. No prophet has been accepted in his own country, or, for that matter, by the world
at large. The world tried to ‘integrate’ Prophets into the mainstream life and failed miserably. Hence, they were
Knowing that the life of a prophet is always
to swim against the current, many prophets tried to escape from their call. But God pursued them until they completed their
mission. In the first reading today, Jeremiah expresses his agony of being a prophet:
You deceived me, LORD, and I was deceived;
you overpowered me and prevailed.
I am ridiculed all day long; everyone mocks me.
Whenever I speak, I cry out proclaiming
violence and destruction.
So the word of the LORD has brought me insult and reproach all day long.
But if I say, “I will not mention
his word or speak anymore in his name,” his word is in my heart like a fire, a fire shut up in my bones.
I am weary of holding it in; indeed, I
Truly agonising words!
The world needs prophets… prophets
like Jeremiah. The world needs to hear the bitter truth of what is wrong with it. Most of us prefer to keep silent and not
speak up when things go wrong. That is why Martin Luther King once said: “History will have to
record that the greatest tragedy of this period of social transition was not the strident clamor of the bad people, but the
appalling silence of the good people.” Very true, even today!
The opening slate of the famous movie JFK
by Oliver Stone shows a quote by an American poet Ella Wheeler Wilcox: “To sin by silence
when we should protest makes cowards out of men.” In the movie script of JFK, there is a
line spoken by the actor playing the role of Jim Garison, the District Attorney of Orleans Parish, Louisiana: “Telling
the truth can be a scary thing sometimes. It scared President Kennedy, and he was a brave man. But if you let yourself be
too scared, then you let the bad guys take over the country. Then everybody gets scared.” How
true of our times!
Let me close these
reflections with quotes from a famous Jewish writer Elie Wiesel. Eliezer Wiesel is a Romania-born American novelist, political
activist, and Holocaust survivor of Hungarian Jewish descent. Wiesel was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1986. The Norwegian
Nobel Committee called him a "messenger to mankind," noting that through his struggle to come to terms with "his
own personal experience of total humiliation and of the utter contempt for humanity shown in Hitler's death camps," as
well as his "practical work in the cause of peace," Wiesel has delivered a powerful message "of peace, atonement
and human dignity" to humanity.
“I swore never to be silent
whenever and wherever human beings endure suffering and humiliation. We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor,
never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented.” -
“The opposite of love is not
hate, it's indifference. Indifference, to me, is the epitome of evil. Because of indifference, one dies before one actually
dies.” - Elie Wiesel
When the world follows the line of least resistance, we may have to toe the
line of uncompromising fidelity. This is the challenge offered by Jesus in the closing lines of today’s Gospel. These
lines was the ‘mantra’ used by St Ignatius on St Francis Xavier to leave the comfort and compromise of the world
and pursue the cross and the crown (not of glory, but of thorns). Do these lines mean something to us today? “For
what will it profit a man, if he gains the whole world and forfeits his life? Or what shall a man give in return for his life?” (Matthew
Water… Walking or Sinking
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
in Ordinary Time
the office door of the Swiss psychiatrist, Carl Jung (1875-1961), hung a stone plaque inscribed with the words: Called
or Not, God is Present. Jung’s sign encapsulated in a few words what the joint testaments of Judaism and Christianity
have put forth in hundreds of thousands of words for centuries, namely, that the transcendent almighty God chooses to be with
humankind, to commune with us, to love and move among us, to be near, to abide, to be present whether called or not, in peace,
as well as in panic.
is so much part of our lives like our own body that we tend to take His presence for granted, as we do with our body. When
we are wrapped in our joy or pain, we miss God’s presence so easily. Today’s Readings from
I Kings as well as the Gospel of Matthew invite us to reflect on how easily and how often we miss SEEING God.
Elijah, the prophet, had challenged the prophets of Baal and Asherah on Mount
Carmel, proved them wrong and exterminated them. Hence, Elijah had incurred the wrath of Jezebel, the queen and ran
away from the country. The first part of chapter 19 of I Kings gives us a picture of Elijah who preferred to die rather than
live in fear. God invited him to his mountain, Horeb. Our reading today is a sequel to this episode, where God invites Elijah
to come out of the cave to meet Him. (1 Kings 19:11-13)
When Elijah saw the powerful wind, earthquake and fire he would have felt happy and secure
that his God had come with might to fight his cause against the queen. His expectation proved wrong. God came in a gentle
whisper. To belie our expectation is the beauty of God – the God of surprises.
The same lesson is reiterated in today’s Gospel as well. The miracle of Jesus walking
on the water is given in three gospels – Matthew, Mark and John. The opening lines of today’s gospel are quite
Matthew 14: 22-23
Immediately Jesus made the disciples get into
the boat and go on ahead of him to the other side, while he dismissed the crowd. After he had dismissed them, he went up on
a mountainside by himself to pray.
This is a sequel to the miracle in which Jesus fed more than 5000 people. Soon after that
miracle, Jesus was very keen on dismissing the crowd and forcing his disciples to leave the place. Why this hurry? John’s
gospel gives us a clue.
After the people
saw the sign Jesus performed, they began to say, “Surely this is the Prophet who is to come into the world.” Jesus,
knowing that they intended to come and make him king by force, withdrew again to a mountain by himself.
The Israelites who had been under the tyranny of the Romans were very much attracted by the
words of Jesus. Now they had seen him work a major miracle. (Remember… feeding the multitude is the ONLY miracle that
is recorded six times – twice in Matthew and Mark and once in Luke and John.) In an over-enthusiastic crowd even a tiny
spark is enough to create a huge frenzy. I guess someone in the crowd must have shouted: “This is the King we have been
waiting for!” or some such thing. Knowing how a crowd can be swayed by emotions, Jesus wanted to leave that place. He
wanted to be by himself in order to pray!
closing line of the gospel passage quoted above (John 6:15) goes like this: Jesus withdrew again
to the mountain by himself. The word ‘again’ is noteworthy. Jesus was going to
the mountain by himself again and again. What for? Not just to escape from the crowds… but to spend time with himself
and with his Father. To pray, to reflect, to regain perspective on his otherwise busy life. If only our leaders – political,
religious leaders – follow Jesus, at least in this regard? A wishful thinking, indeed!
Jesus did not lock himself up in prayer. He came down to help his disciples struggling with
wind and waves. He came to them walking on the sea. This was a symbolic act. In many world religions the sea stands for a
power usually in opposition to the divine. Monsters abide in the sea. Many divine beings are depicted as conquering this power.
Jesus walked on the sea to prove a point: When the people
offered him an earthly crown, he declined it. His mission was not to fight the Roman empire alone.
His mission was to fight all the evil powers.
disciples failed to recognise Jesus walking on the waters. Not only that… they mistook him for a ghost. When our whole
attention is on the troubles around us, we tend to miss God or mistake God for a ghost! Here is a lovely poem, titled ‘Footsteps’ by
Jennifer Jill Schwirzer about how mistaken our perception is while we are in trouble:
I had a dream last night of footsteps in the sand
God and I were walking—it must have been hand in hand
For there were two pairs of footsteps in the sand
His footsteps and my footsteps in the sand
And in the dream I had, we walked the peaceful shore
It seemed that we would walk that way, hand in hand forevermore
Two pairs of footsteps in the sand,
His footsteps and my footsteps in the sand.
And then the crashing waves of a wild and angry sea
Broke upon the shoreline of my life
Things I could not control were like churning, turning tides
And angry winds of strife
And when I was almost beaten and needed a helping hand.
There was just one pair of footsteps in the sand.
“You stayed when all was peaceful, but then where did
Perhaps You’d had enough
When fortune fled and friends too, but oh, I needed You
When times got so rough.”
And then He said so gently as patient fathers do:
“When trouble stormed the shoreline, my child, I carried
I had a dream last night of footsteps
in the sand
Jesus bore my burden when I could
no longer stand
One pair of footsteps in the
Just His pair of footsteps in
While Mark and John round off this miracle with Jesus approaching
the disciples and getting them ashore, Matthew has one more interesting addition – that of Peter trying to walk on the
sea. The impetuous Peter! “If it is you, Lord, then let me also walk on the sea like you.” We
can hear the child in Peter speaking. Jesus was game for it. He says, “Come.” Peter
leaves the security of the boat and his friends to venture into the unknown. Soon, he is engulfed by terror and begins to
In one of the websites, the homilist gives this interesting
insight. Jesus could have easily calmed the storm and the waves before asking Peter to step out of the boat. But He did not.
That is what happens in life. We cannot wait till every storm and every wave has subsided. We need to step out of the boat,
out of the familiar to the unfamiliar, fixing our gaze on Jesus. Peter began his adventure well, looking only at Jesus. But
soon his attention was drawn to the waves and the storm and his own ability or inability to cope... He lost his footing. He
began to sink.
Peter sinking in water is quite unthinkable, especially when
we know that he had been a fisherman all his life and he must have seen quite a few storms in the Lake of Gennesaret.
Hence, why did he sink? Perhaps to let us understand that our own skills and efforts may desert us occasionally. A similar
thought is shared by Fr Ron Rolheiser when he reflects on this episode under the title –
WALKING ON WATER AND SINKING LIKE A STONE:
Faith isn’t something you ever simply achieve.
It’s not something that you ever nail down as a fait accompli. Faith works this way: Some days you walk on water and
other days you sink like a stone. Faith invariably gives way to doubt before it again recovers its confidence, then
it loses it again.
see this graphically illustrated in the famous story in the gospels of Peter walking on water… Peter is immediately
buoyed up in his faith and asks Jesus to let him too walk on the water. Jesus invites him to do so and Peter gets out of the
boat confidently and begins to walk on the water. But then, realizing what he was doing and the incredulous nature of it,
he immediately starts to sink, cries out for help, and Jesus has to reach out and rescue him from drowning.
What we see illustrated here are two things that
lie at the heart of our experience of faith, namely, that faith (literally) has its ups and downs and that it works best when
we don’t confuse it with our own powers.
Fr Rolheiser closes his reflections with an anecdote:
Donald Nichol, in his book, Holiness, shares a story
of a British missionary working in Africa. At one point, early on in his stay there, the missionary
was called upon to mediate a dispute between two tribes. He had no preparation for this, was naïve, and totally out of
his depth. But he gave himself over to the task in faith and, surprisingly, reconciled the two tribes. Afterwards, buoyed
by this success, he began to fancy himself as mediator and began to present himself as an arbiter of disputes. But now, however,
his efforts were invariably unhelpful. Here’s the irony: when he didn’t know what he was doing, but trusted solely
in God, he was able to walk on water; as soon as he began to wrap himself in the process, he sank like a stone. Faith works
like that: We can walk on water only as long as we don’t think that we are doing it with our own strength.
This Sunday we receive these invitations from God:
Come out of the security of the cave and meet Me in unexpected
ways… Step out of the security of the boat and come. If you focus on Me, you can walk on water even when it turns into
a stormy wave!
The Feast of the Transfiguration
by Rev. Fr. L.
X. Jerome S. J.
It must be one of the strange and sad accidents of history
that the first atomic bomb was dropped on August 6, which marks the annual Feast of the Transfiguration. We can be sure that
Harry Truman (the then President of the U.S.) and his team would not have given
any thought to this Feast, while planning their ‘disfiguration’ of the human family. This accidental coming together
of Transfiguration and ‘disfiguration’ invites us to reflect on these two events and draw lessons for our life.
The phrases used in the Transfiguration narrative (Matthew
17: 1-9) seem uncannily, or, eerily similar to the phrases used by those who survived the bomb. Matthew uses phrases like
‘shining like a sun’, ‘bright cloud’ and a ‘voice from the cloud’. Hiroshima survivors
have spoken of ‘sun falling to the ground’, ‘bright cloud’, ‘roar like thunder’ etc. While
the light, cloud and voice of the Transfiguration brought hope to those who witnessed it, the light, cloud and noise of the
atom bomb brought destruction and despair not only to those who witnessed it, but for future generations as well.
Every year, at the beginning of the month of August, haunting memories of Hiroshima and Nagasaki,
flood our memory. The gory details of this human massacre are well-known. So, let us not go over those statistics. They can
only feed our curiosity. Has Hiroshima and Nagasaki become
only museum pieces to be visited once a year or, are they schools where
we can learn a lesson or two?
am afraid that even Japan is treating this tragedy as a ‘treasured
museum piece’. Why do I say this? If Japan had treated Hiroshima and Nagasaki as
schools, then ‘Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster’ (March 2011) would not have happened. After Fukushima nuclear
threat, Japan began to close down its atomic plants one by one.
I was so happy about it that I announced this news in Vatican Radio with full gusto. Unfortunately, my happiness was short-lived. Japanhas
begun reopening its atomic power plants once again!
Sadly, Japan as well as the
whole world are madly… MADLY… in love with nuclear energy still. On a day like this, we need to focus on our
tragic-romance with nuclear energy. The cenotaph at the Hiroshima Peace Park is
inscribed with an ambiguous sentence: "Let all the souls here rest in peace; this mistake
shall not be repeated." (Wikipedia) But from Hiroshima to Fukushima nuclear
mistakes have been repeated – all over the world!
are mistakes repeated? There could be hundreds of reasons. But, I wish to focus on two of them. The
first is… when mistakes are covered up with falsehood and made to look like the right thing, they tend to be repeated. The
mistake of the U.S. was well covered up. Delayed information,
distorted information, downright lies accompanied the dropping of the atomic bombs. As I was going through many details of
this historic tragedy, something struck me hard. When the atom bomb was dropped on Hiroshima,
it was 8.16 a.m. on August 6th in Japan. It was still
night in the U.S. and the people there were asleep. One can
see that this nation is still struggling to wake up from this sleep and find out the real truth.
After the Hiroshima bombing,
Truman issued a statement announcing the use of the new weapon. He stated, "We may be grateful to Providence"
that the German atomic bomb project had failed, and that the United Statesand
its allies had "spent two billion dollars on the greatest scientific gamble in history—and won". (Wikipedia
– Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki)
When we read this statement, we wonder what Truman or the U.S. had
really ‘won’. This brings to mind the famous saying of Jesus: For what will it profit
a man, if he gains the whole world and forfeits his life? (Mt. 16:26)
It is interesting to see that Jesus made this famous statement just before the Transfiguration
when he told his disciples, for the first time, what type of death was awaiting him. Then he went on to challenge his disciples
to take up their crosses as well. In this discourse of challenges, he also posed the great question of gaining the whole world
and losing one’s life. This question of Jesus had enlightened hundreds of Saints down the centuries (including St Ignatius
of Loyola and St Francis Xavier) to look at life’s achievements in proper perspective. When we read the triumphant statements
of President Truman, these words of Jesus come to our minds.
mistakes are not covered up in lies, we can surely learn from those mistakes, since truth will always set us free. But, unfortunately,
every government in the world is dishing out lies as far as nuclear warheads are concerned. As if the threat of nuclear warheads
is not enough, every country is moving towards nuclear plants. On this front as well, lots of lies have been told about the
safety of a nuclear plant and about the different accidents that have happened in nuclear plants. Hence, here is my simple
(you may call this ‘naive’) conclusion: Nuclear energy can thrive on the seedbed of
If you wish to read more truth,
kindly read the news feature: HIROSHIMA, NAGASAKI BOMBINGS
WERE AVOIDABLE by David Krieger, President, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. (IDN-InDepthNews –
August 3, 2012)
Why are we so madly in love with nuclear energy? Is there
no other alternative? I am not a scientist and hence my answer to this question cannot be scientific. But I am a believer.
My belief says that our world can survive, in fact, flourish in safer environment if we depend on other natural sources of
energy – wind, water, sunlight… My belief says that the universe is designed in such a way that it can sustain
itself when we are able to tap the natural resources appropriately. The catch words are: tap and appropriately…
Unfortunately, our present generation has not tapped natural sources of energy but
has exploited them indiscriminately!
Our natural sources of energy can surely sustain the whole
of humanity, provided we decide to satisfy our need and not our greed (Mahatma
Gandhi). Since nature could not satisfy our mad rush for more and MORE, we looked for artificial sources of energy. Look,
where we have landed up… We have landed on a planet that is waiting to explode any time.
Our unbridled greed has exploited mother earth and we are leaving a ‘tattered globe’
for the future generation. This brings us back to the event of the Transfiguration.
When Jesus was transfigured on Mount Tabor his face
shone like the sun, and when he came down the mountain a little boy was healed — a boy who had been thrown into fire
and water by a demon. When “Little Boy” (the name given the bomb) shone like the sun over Hiroshima,
thousands of little boys and girls were burned in atomic fire and poisoned by radioactive rain. The bombing of Hiroshima is
the anti-Transfiguration. (Hiroshima: An Anti-Transfiguration
- Brian Zahnd)
One of the little girls who died
a slow death due to radioactive rain, is Sadako Sasaki. Here is an extract on Sadako as given in Sadako
Sasaki’s Cranes for Peace:
Sadako Sasaki was two years old when the bomb was dropped on Hiroshima.
Ten years later, she was diagnosed with leukemia, and informed that she had only one year to live. Sadako’s friends
reminded her of a Japanese legend: that if you make a thousand paper cranes, you get one wish. Sadako spent the remainder
of her life folding paper cranes – but had only reached 644 when she died. After her death, her friends continued making
her paper cranes, and raised the money to build a monument in her honour. Now, children from all over the world fold paper
cranes to be placed beneath her statue in commemoration of the atrocities suffered in Hiroshima.
We are aware that paper cranes don’t fly. But the dreams and desires of thousands of
children who made those paper cranes can fly beyond human made boundaries and create a world without war. May Sadako and millions
of children, killed in senseless wars, plead before the throne of God to bring lasting peace to our war-torn planet. May the
paper cranes fly high!
At the scene of the Transfiguration, a
voice from the cloud said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen
to him.” Our Heavenly Father extends the same invitation to all of us. If we are willing
to listen to Jesus, more challenges await us, challenges that call for a self-sacrificing life. On the other hand, if we prefer
a self-centred life, we need to support our selfishness by listening to the lies of the ‘merchants of death’.
We shall be forced to build temples for our ‘atomic demons’!
"Have we lost our hearing?"
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
in Ordinary Time
Once there was a man who dared God to speak.
"Burn the bush like you did for Moses, God and
I will follow.
the walls like you did for Joshua, God and I will fight.
Still the waves like you did on Galilee, God and I
so the man went and sat by a bush, near a wall close to the sea and waited for God to speak.
And God heard the man , So God answered.
He sent fire, not for the bush, but for a church.
He brought down a wall, not of brick, but of sin.
He stilled a storm, not of the sea, but of a soul.
And God waited for the man to respond.
And he waited ...
And waited ...
But because the man was looking at bushes, not hearts;
bricks, not lives; seas and not souls, he decided that God had done nothing.
Finally he looked at God and asked, "Have you
lost your power?"
God looked at him and said, "Have you lost your hearing?"
(A story by Max Lucado, from A Gentle Thunder : Hearing God Through
"Have you lost your hearing?" is the question posed
by Jesus in today’s Gospel (Matthew 13: 1-23). Jesus poses this question as an invitation or as a warning: “He
who has ears, let him hear.” (Mt 13:9) All of us know that the mere fact of having ears, does not guarantee hearing.
We know of people who have eyes, ears and mouth but, unfortunately, do not have the ability to see, hear or speak. Jesus is
not talking about these unfortunate ones. His concern for them was special. Here Jesus is concerned about us who have the
physical ear as well as the capacity to hear and yet do not wish to hear! He quotes Prophet Isaiah who was also concerned
about such ‘deliberately deaf’ people.
Matthew 13: 11,14-15
And Jesus answered them, “With them indeed
is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which says:
‘For this people’s heart has grown dull, and their ears are heavy
of hearing, and their eyes they have closed, lest they should perceive with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand
with their heart, and turn for me to heal them.’”
Our decision to ‘turn a deaf ear’ can come from different situations. For example,
in our modern day world, we are so saturated with ‘noise’ (meaning, the flood of information that reaches us every
day via our tools of communication), that we ‘switch off’ and find shelter in our isolated, ‘sound-proof’
self. Having got accustomed to protecting ourselves from this onslaught of ‘noises’, we tend to use the same technique
to the Word of God, especially when it challenges or threatens our cozy, comfortable self! This is the warning given by Jesus
Let us try and heed to this warning of Jesus and open our
ears to listen to the Parable of the Sower. This being the first Parable recorded in Matthew’s Gospel, there is a discussion
on the reason and relevance of parables. “Why do you speak to them in parables?” was the question addressed to
Jesus in today’s Gospel. He did not give any lengthy treatise on God and His Kingdom. Most of his teachings have been
clothed in stories, imageries and parables. The religious leaders of his times presented God as a cold, distant God represented
by the ‘stony laws’. Jesus, on the other hand, brought this God close to the people, as a loving Father, through
His stories. To understand why Jesus spoke in parables, we turn to Fr Anthony de Mello, S.J. In his book ‘One Minute
Wisdom’, there is a lovely story:
The Master gave his teaching in parables and stories, which his disciples listened
to with pleasure - and occasional frustration, for they longed for something deeper.
The Master was unmoved. To all their objections
he would say, "You have yet to understand, my dears, that the shortest distance between a human being and Truth is a
time he said, "Do not despise the story. A lost gold coin is found by means of a penny candle; the deepest truth is found
by means of a simple story."
this Sunday onwards till the Feast of Christ the King in November, we shall be journeying through 20 Sundays of the Ordinary
Time in the liturgical cycle. Of these 20 Sundays, 10 Sundays present us with 10 parables of Jesus recorded in Matthew. We
begin this ‘parable series’ with one of the most famous parables of Matthew - the Parable of the Sower.
When I use a phrase ‘the most famous’, I am conscious
of the danger it entails. Anything ‘famous’ tends to become ‘ordinary’ due to over-exposure. We tend
to feel that ‘we have seen that and heard that’! The famous quotes and parables of Jesus are no exception to this
danger. As if forestalling the danger, resulting from this ‘taken-for-granted’ attitude to the words of Jesus,
He gives the famous warning: “He who has ears,
let him hear.” Jesus wants us to pay attention… But, attention to
what? The sower, the seed or the soil?
Traditionally we have focused almost exclusively on the terrains where the seed falls, in
order to look at what is our attitude as we listen to the Gospel. However it is important to pay attention to the sower and
his way of sowing.
Jesus begins the parable with a matter-of-fact statement
: A sower went out to sow. The sower scatters seeds
‘along the path’, ‘on rocky ground’ and ‘upon thorns’. This action of the sower brings
up the question: Was he careless or was he generous? If we reflect on this action with the idea that the seed represents God’s
word, then it is better to attribute ‘generosity’ rather than ‘carelessness’ as the intention of the
sower in ‘scattering seeds everywhere’.
That’s how Jesus sowed his message. They saw him go out every morning to announce the
Good News of God. He sowed his Word among the simple people who welcomed it, and also among the Scribes and the Pharisees
(hard rocky ground) who rejected it. Jesus was keen on scattering seeds to those surrounded by thorns of sin and sickness.
He never got tired.
By depicting the reckless generosity of the sower, Jesus
says that those of us who are over-cautious and calculative in sowing the seeds only on well-ploughed and watered lands, (in
other words, only ‘worthy’ lands) are doing a disservice to the word of God. With all the available lessons on
efficiency from the management gurus, we tend to measure our every effort in sowing God’s word. In spite of all our
caution, God’s word still manages to fulfil its mission. This is ascertained in today’s first reading from Prophet
Isaiah 55: 10-11
For as the rain and the snow come down from heaven,
and return not thither but water the earth, making it bring forth and sprout, giving seed to the sower and bread to the eater,
so shall my word be that goes forth from my mouth; it shall not return to me empty, but it shall accomplish that which I purpose,
and prosper in the thing for which I sent it.
God, the word of God does not depend on our plans! In fact, the reckless generosity with which Jesus scattered God’s
word has been followed by many generous followers. Let me finish these reflections with a lovely story that talks of how generosity
There was once a farmer who grew
award-winning corn. Each year he entered his corn in the state fair where it won first prize. One year a newspaper reporter
interviewed him and learned the farmer’s strategy for growing winning corn. What was it? Simply this: the farmer shared
his best seed corn with his neighbours.
“How can you afford to share your best seed corn with your neighbours when they are
entering corn in competition with yours each year?” the reporter asked.
“Why” said the farmer, “don’t you
know? The wind picks up pollen from the ripening corn and swirls it from field to field. If my neighbours grow inferior corn,
cross-pollination will steadily degrade the quality of my corn. If I am to grow good corn, I must help my neighbours grow
Source: reported in James
Bender How to Talk Well (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1994)
Sowing the seed ‘along the path’, ‘on rocky
ground’ and ‘upon thorns’ is a real challenge. The challenge becomes tougher when we are asked not only
to sow on the fertile ground under our care, but also share good seeds with our neighbours! May we open our eyes and ears
as we journey in the parables of Jesus in the following weeks!
A final note would be to break the narrow view of ‘sowing
the seed’ as ‘preaching the word of God’. Sowing the seed is more often and more effectively done by the
way each one of us lives God’s word in our lives. That way, this parable does not refer to the sower as those who ‘preach’,
but all of us who ‘practice’!
Soothing, yet challenging invitation
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
14th Sunday in Ordinary Time
Apollo 13 was the seventh manned mission in the Apollo space program and the third intended
to land on the Moon. The craft was launched on April 11, 1970, from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, but the lunar landing
was aborted after an oxygen tank exploded two days later, thus bringing to a premature end to the lunar mission. With
their oxygen almost gone, their electrical system out, their spaceship plunging toward lunar orbit, it appeared that the astronauts
would be marooned hundreds of thousands of miles from the Earth. Despite great hardship caused
by the limited power, the crew returned safely to Earth on April 17, 1970, six days after launch.
The mission was commanded by James Lovell with John Swigert and Fred Haise as the team members.
The efforts of the three astronauts were duly acknowledged. In a news conference, Lovell was
asked, "Were you worried?" Such an obvious question drew snickers. But then Lovell gave a surprising answer. "No,
not really." he said. "You see, worry is a useless emotion. I was too busy fixing the problem to worry about it.
As long as I had one card left to play, I played it."
All of us would agree with Lovell’s statement that ‘worry is a useless emotion.
Still, we spend quite a lot of time worrying. To all of us who tend to accumulate worries, Jesus gives a challenging invitation: “Come
to me, all who labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.” (Matthew 11:28) These
words of Jesus have given millions of people, down these 20 centuries, courage and strength to face the burdens of life.
When we hear these words today, they sound more like a ‘spiritual-pacifier’
than real life solution. We seem to think that there are many ways to get rid of our ‘heaviness’ – be it
physical, mental or psychological. We, the so-called grown-ups, seem to think that we have better solutions to get rid of
stress than the promise of Jesus. As if knowing our line of thought, Jesus, in
the first part of today’s Gospel, prefaces his simple, soothing, and yet challenging invitation with words of caution:
At that time Jesus declared, “I thank thee,
Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed them to
babes; yea, Father, for such was thy gracious will.” (Mt. 11: 25). This
is another form of the caution given elsewhere by Jesus that ‘unless we become like children, we cannot enter the Kingdom of God’
(Mt. 18:3). We seem to place more trust in the ways suggested by the world to conquer our burdens.
The world offers many so-called remedies to the problem of stress: - Get away - Run away
- Fly away - Take a pill to ease your nerves - Take a drink to drown your sorrows - Take a shot to kill the pain - Get drunk,
take drugs, sleep a lot. But the truth is… most of them don’t work. How misleading the world can be! Here
is a parable:
Have you heard about the farmer
who went to a government bureaucrat specializing in animal health? The farmer sought help from the “expert” because
ten of his chickens had suddenly died. The government expert instructed the farmer to give aspirin to all the surviving chickens.
Two days later, however, the farmer returned. Twenty more chickens had died. What should he do now? The expert said quickly:
“Give all the rest castor oil.” Two days later, the farmer returned a third time and reported 30 more dead chickens.
The government expert now strongly recommended penicillin. Two days later a sad farmer showed up. All the rest of his chickens
had now died. They were all gone. “What a shame,” said the expert, “I have lot more remedies!”
As against the false, quick-fix solutions offered by the world, Jesus gives us a firm promise.
He does not tell us to run away from the problems. He does not promise a magic touch by which all our worries would vanish.
He promises ‘rest’ and his own presence in our stress-filled life.
The imagery of the yoke which he uses in this context is
a master stroke. Here are the words of Jesus: “Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me;
for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” (Mt.
words of Jesus, “Take my yoke upon you…” lead us into deeper reflection. Let us first think of the ‘yoke’.
As we know, the yoke is used to align two oxen for the purpose of ploughing. The yoke that sits on the neck of these two oxen,
though painful, is a useful instrument for a productive task. In using this imagery, Jesus is calling us to face pain for
a productive purpose.
When Jesus says, “Take my yoke upon you…”
he seems to be saying two different things. He may be saying “Take the yoke I have prepared for you” or “Become
a partner in my yoke, namely, the yoke I am already carrying”.
William Barclay makes the following statement in his commentary
on this passage of Matthew: “There is a legend that Jesus made the best ox-yokes in all Galilee,
and that from all over the country men came to him to buy the best yokes that skill could make. In those days as now, shops
had their signs above the door; and it has been suggested that the sign above the door of the carpenter's shop in Nazareth may
well have been: ‘My yokes fit well’. It may well be that Jesus is here using a picture from the carpenter's shop
in Nazareth where he had worked throughout the silent years.”
Keeping this commentary of Barclay in mind, we can interpret the words of Jesus ‘Take my yoke upon you’, as “Take
the yoke I have prepared for you. It will fit you well”.
second interpretation seems to make more sense to me, namely, Jesus is inviting us to ‘become a partner in the yoke
he is already carrying’. Jesus has already taken this yoke on himself and asks us to join him. We are in this together
– Jesus and us! That is the reason Jesus says with so much assurance: For my yoke is easy,
and my burden is light. (Mt. 11: 30) Jesus knows that a
sorrow (burden) shared is halved!
accept these words of Jesus we need to become like children. For a child, no burden is great when the parent is around. This
child-like trust was evident in the life of Good Pope St John the XXIII. During the Second Vatican Council days, Pope St.
John XXIII used to submit all his anxieties to God by this prayer every night: “Lord, Jesus, I’m going to bed.
It's your Church. Take care of it!”
The President Dwight David Eisenhower knew about that inner rest derived from submitting
daily lives to God. He had it even while he was the leader of armed forces in World War II. His every decision during that
awful conflict had monumental consequences. How did he deal with the pressure? He shared with his former pastor, Dean Miller,
that he didn't try to carry his burden alone. Some nights when the strain became too great, Eisenhower would simply pray,
"Lord, with your grace I've done the best I can. You take over until morning."
All of us are pilgrims on earth carrying our load of worries. We have a knack of gathering
more and more burdens as we go along this earthly journey. When we consider the famous invitation of Jesus, “Come
to me, all who labor and are heavy laden…”, we can ask for two graces: First
– that we may be able to distinguish between ‘necessary’ and ‘unnecessary’ burdens that we accumulate,
so that we can ‘off-load’ unnecessary baggage sooner than later. Second – that we trust this invitation
of Jesus not simply as a ‘spiritual-pacifier’ but as a more realistic solution. In addition, we pray that God
gives us enough light to understand that Jesus is with us to share the burden!
May we, like children, heed to the loving invitation of Christ
with a heart filled with trust: “Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I
will give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me; for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for
your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.”
Christ, sitting on our lap
The Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ
Most of us would have received our First Holy Communion while in elementary school. At that
time, either our Parish Priests or some kind-hearted Nuns would have helped us prepare for this great moment. Part of this
preparation takes the form of the catechism class, usually filled with stories. If we have not out-grown these stories, we
are blessed indeed! I do remember quite a few of these stories.
I do have very many lovely memories of the way Corpus
Christi processions were held in my parish and, later, in other
places during my Jesuit life. All these stories and all these memories fill my mind as I reflect on this Feast – the
Feast of the Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ.
This Feast is probably THE MOST SIGNIFICANT FEAST to tell us what God’s love is all
about. While we are engulfed by love, the best response we can give is to let go… enjoy the experience. If one were
to raise questions about love - the how and why of love, then we would almost lose love. Still, human mind is a workshop constantly
churning out questions and we cannot avoid this. Let us try and answer some of the questions that creep into our minds about
this Love Feast.
Last week when we reflected on the Feast of the Holy Trinity,
we said: If at all we wish to understand the great mystery of the Holy Trinity, then we need to raise the proper questions.
Not trying to understand the ‘how’ of
the mystery, as St Augustine tried,
but more in terms of the ‘why’ of
the mystery of the Triune God.
again, it is much better to raise the ‘why’ question than the ‘how’ question. How is Christ present
in the two species – bread and wine? Quite a few treatises have been written on this question. We shall turn our attention
to the other question, namely, why is Christ present in bread and wine? Here is my simple answer to this question: First,
bread and wine are the simple food of the Israelites, accessible to everyone, including the poor. Jesus wanted to be present
in forms that were easily available to all. Second, once food is taken, it gets integrated as our own body and blood. As food
is integrated in one’s body, Jesus would like to become integrated with human beings. These answers may not be considered
a ‘treatise’; but it makes sense to me.
guess it is better to leave theoretical explanations on this great Feast and get back to some of the inspiring incidents related
to Christ’s Real Presence in the lives of great souls.
Fr Pedro Arrupe S.J., who
was the Superior General of the Society of Jesus for fifteen years, narrates how he had personally met Jesus and decided to
Pedro was a brilliant student
of medicine, winning first prizes in his studies at the University of Madrid…
In October 1926, nineteen year old Pedro went to Lourdes as a volunteer. One day he accompanied the procession in front of the Grotto, walking
beside a mother who was pushing a wheel-chair in which sat her 26 year old son, a polio victim, his body crippled and completely
deformed…. Then the Bishop came with the Blessed Sacrament, and made the sign of the Cross with it over the boy. At
that instant, the boy leapt from his chair completely cured.
Pedro said: “I returned to Madrid;
the books kept falling from my hands. My fellow students asked me: ‘What’s happening to you? You seem dazed!’
Yes, I was dazed by the memory which upset me more each day; only the image of the Sacred Host raised in blessing and the
paralyzed boy jumping up from his chair remained fixed in my heart”
Three months later Pedro gave up his medicine studies and
entered the Novitiate of the Society of Jesus at Loyola, to a life of ‘distinguished service as a Jesuit’. (Hedwig
Lewis S.J., - At Home with God)
The first atom bomb on August 6, 1945, destroyed Hiroshima.
The Jesuit novitiate in a suburb of that city was one of the few buildings left standing, though all its doors and windows
had been ripped off by the explosion. The novitiate was turned into a makeshift hospital. The chapel, half destroyed, was
overflowing with the wounded, who were lying on the floor very near to one another, suffering terribly, twisted with pain.
In the midst of this broken humanity, the novice master,
Fr Pedro Arrupe, celebrated Mass the very next day of the disaster. “I can never forget the terrible feelings I experienced
when I turned toward them and said, ‘The Lord is with you’. I could not move. I stayed there as if paralyzed,
my arms outstretched, contemplating this human tragedy… They were looking at me, eyes full of agony and despair as
if they were waiting for some consolation to come from the altar. What a terrible scene!” (Hedwig Lewis S.J., - At Home
St. Isaac Jogues, S.J. was a Jesuit priest, missionary and martyr, who travelled and worked among the
Iroquois, Huron, and other Native populations in North America.
During his missionary work in North America, he had a chance to escape from the cruel clutches of the native people and return
to France. While there, he wanted to celebrate Mass. Under
Church law of the time, the Blessed Sacrament could not be touched with any other finger except the thumb and the forefinger.
Jogues was unable to follow this law after the loss of both these fingers due to the tortures he endured in Iroquois captivity.
In order to celebrate Mass, he required a special dispensation from the Pope. He was granted a dispensation to say Mass by
Pope Urban VIII. Pope Urban's judgement that "it would be shameful for a martyr of Christ not to drink the blood of Christ"
renewed the zeal of Isaac to work among the Indians.
Isaac Jogues, Fr Pedro Arrupe have been drawn to the Eucharistic Lord, not via lengthy theses, but via simple faith in the
Real Presence of Christ. To achieve this level of holiness, one needs to become a child. Last week we saw how a child taught St Augustine how
to approach the Triune God. This week, again, we learn from a child how the Eucharistic Lord is ever present with us. This
child is four year old, chosen by Professor Leo Buscaglia (Love Doctor), for the best act of love.
Professor Buscaglia was asked to judge which child had shown
the greatest love. The episodes of different children were presented to him. Leo chose a child of four years. Let us call
him Prince. What did Prince do?
A senior citizen (Let’s call him Robert) lived next to the house in which Prince lived.
Robert, aged 85, had lost his wife the previous week. They had spent well over 50 years together. Robert sat in his easy chair
one evening. Tears were rolling down his cheeks. Prince, who saw this from his house, walked up to Robert. Without saying
a word, Prince climbed on to Robert’s lap and sat down. After 15 or 20 minutes, Prince came back home. His mother who
was watching all this, asked Prince, “What did you tell grandpa when you were sitting on his lap?” Prince replied:
“I said nothing. I just sat there to help him weep more.”
Professor Buscaglia decided that Prince had shown the greatest
Love, as we know, can be expressed in myriad ways…
through words, deeds, gifts… The best way to show love is to be ‘present’ with someone. Prince did exactly
that. Christ has done the same in choosing to be present in bread and wine. Let us set aside questions and theories about
the Blessed Sacrament and try to experience the great love of Christ through this Sacrament. Let us celebrate the Loving,
Abiding Presence of Christ in our lives!
we close, let us turn our attention to June 18, this Sunday, and June 20, coming Tuesday. Every year on June 20 we observe
(I dare not say… ‘We celebrate’ since there is nothing to celebrate here!) World Refugee Day. This Sunday,
which happens to be the third Sunday of June, we celebrate Father’s Day. The second Sunday of May and the third Sunday
of June are celebrated as Mother’s Day and Father’s Day.
World Refugee Day, Mother’s Day and Father’s
Day seem to have something in common, in as much as elderly Mothers and Fathers are made to live like refugees, cut off from
their roots – either within the four walls of their own houses or in the home for the aged!
Isn’t a tragedy that Mothers and Fathers are assigned
just two days in a year when they should be celebrated all through the year? Similarly, when millions of our brothers and
sisters are tossed about in the stormy sea of violence as refugees day after day, what is the purpose of remembering them
on just one day? Questions that pierce our hearts!
May we celebrate the loving presence of the Eucharistic Lord, by making our presence and
the presence of our near and dear ones, especially our aged parents, more meaningful in our families.
God is ‘essentially’ a family
The Holy Trinity Sunday
We have entered the ‘Ordinary Time’ of the liturgical year. This implies
that we have been having a ‘special time’ till now in our liturgical cycle. Yes, right from the start of the Lenten
season through the Easter Season we have had a special time. Today’s feast, the Feast of the Most Holy Trinity, is like
a crowning event of this special season. This crowning feast does not warm our hearts like, say, the feast of Christmas or
Easter. This feast seems more ‘intellectual’. When I think of the Feast of the Most Holy Trinity, I get more of
the image of an international conference than a festive gathering.
The Holy Trinity is a mystery to be contemplated than a concept to be discussed. Most of us remember a very old and
much-repeated story about St. Augustine, one of the intellectual giants of
the Church. He was walking by the seashore one day, attempting to conceive of an intelligible explanation for the mystery
of the Trinity. As he walked along, he saw a small boy on the beach, pouring seawater from a shell into a small hole in the
sand. "What are you doing, my child?" asked Augustine. "I am trying to empty the sea into this hole,"
the boy answered with an innocent smile. "But that is impossible, my dear child,” said Augustine. The boy stood
up, looked straight into the eyes of Augustine and replied, “What you are trying to do - comprehend the immensity of
God with your small head - is even more impossible.” Then he vanished. The child was an angel sent by God to teach Augustine
a lesson. Later, Augustine wrote: "You see the Trinity if you see love." According to him the Father is the lover,
the Son is the loved one and the Holy Spirit is the personification of the very act of loving. This means that we can understand
something of the mystery of the Holy Trinity more readily with the heart than with our feeble mind. Evagrius of Pontus, a
Greek monk of the 4th century said: "God cannot be grasped
by the mind. If God could be grasped, God would not be God."
Many of the deep realities of life and the world are there simply as a gift to
be admired and a mystery to be contemplated than an idea to be dissected and labelled into packages. An incident from the
life of Franklin D.Roosevelt (FDR), the well-known president of the U.S.,
is worth remembering here. FDR and one of his close friends, Bernard Baruch, talked late into the night one evening at the
White House. At last, President Roosevelt suggested that they go out into the Rose Garden and look at the stars before going
to bed. They went out and looked into the sky for several minutes, peering at a nebula with thousands of stars. Then the President
said, "All right, I think we feel small enough now to go in and go to sleep." The wonder of the power and wisdom
of God puts things in perspective for us humans. Being the President of the U.S.can
easily turn an individual into a megalomaniac. FDR must have stayed sane by seeing himself in the proper perspective. How
we wish some of the present Presidents and Prime Ministers of various countries learn this lesson of ‘proper perspective’
When we think of the mystery of the Most Holy
Trinity, one is easily reminded of the famous quote from the Bible: "Be
still, and know that I am God; I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth." (Psalm
46:10) This brings to mind the famous saying of a great scientist:
“The most beautiful and deepest experience a man can have is the sense of the mysterious. It
is the underlying principle of religion as well as all serious endeavour in art and science. He
who never had this experience seems to me, if not dead, then at least blind. To
sense that behind anything that can be experienced there is a something that our mind cannot grasp and whose beauty and sublimity
reaches us only indirectly and as a feeble reflection, this is religiousness. In this sense I am religious. To me it suffices
to wonder at these secrets and to attempt humbly to grasp with my mind a mere image of the lofty structure of all that there
is.” - Albert Einstein, The World As I See It (1949)
If at all we wish to ‘understand’ the great mystery of the Holy Trinity,
then we need to raise the proper questions. Not trying to understand the ‘how’ of the mystery, as St
Augustine tried, but more in terms of the ‘why’ of the Triune
God. Why is our God a Triune God? To instil in us the simple but profound truth that relationships are very important, rather,
they are the most
important aspect of human life. The important question for us to ask today is: What does the doctrine of the Blessed Trinity
tell us about the kind of God we worship and what does this say about the kind of people we should be?
God does not exist in isolated individualism but in a community of relationships.
In other words, God is not a loner or a recluse. This means that a Christian in search of Godliness (Matthew 5:48) must shun
every tendency to isolationism and individualism. If our God exists in a ‘family’, then our Christian roots begin
with family bonding. This day calls us to examine our attitude to relationships in general and, in particular, our attitude
towards family relationships. Quite often, our priorities get a bit topsy-turvy when we place more stress on wealth and fame
than our relationships. We pray that the Triune God helps us to re-organise our priorities.
Last week we reflected on the Coming of the Holy Spirit on June 4,
immediately followed by the World Environment Day on June 5. This week, the Feast of the Holy Trinity on June 11, is followed
by the World Day Against Child Labour on June 12. Once again,
we are staring at a day that cannot be celebrated right now. I wish we do have a chance to CELEBRATE this day when child labour
is totally eradicated from the world.
I would like to reflect on the Feast of the Holy Trinity and the World Day Against Child Labour together. The Feast
of God’s Family Day is followed by a day when we think of children suffering from lack of family love. The proximity
of the Feast of the Holy Trinity and the World Day Against Child Labour, seems like a God-given chance for us to reflect on
children who have to face a difficult childhood, children who do not have a childhood or lose their childhood very early in
Day Against Child Labour is an ILO (International Labour Organization)
–sanctioned holiday for the purpose of raising awareness and activism to prevent child labour in both economic and military
fields. It is currently held each June 12. The ILO created this observance in 2002 and it has been held annually since then.
It is painful
to note that the world had taken 20 centuries to take note of a horrible crime committed against children. It is more painful
to see that in the past few decades children are forcefully employed in the military. The adult world is already guilty of
waging senseless wars. To add insult to injury, we have got children also involved in this insanity of the adults.
This day offers us another opportunity to seriously
think of this problem and muster up enough courage to eradicate such a crime from the world. We pray that the Triune God,
who, in essence, is a ‘family’, may give us the precious gifts of wisdom and courage to guide our children out
of their slavery and help them re-enter the human family as their rightful place.
The Holy Spirit moving over Creation
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
Today, the Feast of the Pentecost, is celebrated on the fiftieth
day after Easter. The word ‘Pentecost’ means the fiftieth day. In the last 50 days we have celebrated quite a
few festivals, starting from Easter. We celebrated Divine Mercy Sunday, the Good Shepherd Sunday, Ascension Sunday and now
Pentecost Sunday. Celebrations continue with the Holy Trinity Sunday next week and the Corpus
Christi Sunday the week after. Whenever we use the word ‘celebrate’,
we do have certain notions about it. How were the first Easter, Ascension and Pentecost – the core events of our Christian
Faith – ‘celebrated’? Were they ‘celebrated’ at all? I wonder…
The commercial world would insist that the first Easter should have taken place in full splendor,
with blaring trumpets and dazzling pyrotechnics. But, it was a non-event, judging by the standards of celebration set by the
world. The first Ascension, once again, was a very quiet affair with Jesus spending quality moments with the disciples on
a hillock, before being taken up into heaven. The first Pentecost too was simply the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on Mother
Mary and the disciples gathered in prayer in the upper room. These events are not even a pale shadow of what is defined as
‘celebration’ by the world.
of ‘celebration’ according to the commercial world is pretty clear… Grand, Glamorous, Great, Gigantic…
Even if there is nothing to celebrate about, the commercial world would invent reasons to celebrate. The frills are more important
than the core in these celebrations. In most of these celebrations ‘what’ is celebrated is less important than
the ‘how’ of it. When I think of these commercial celebrations, I am reminded of the famous Shakespearean line
from Macbeth: ‘sound and fury signifying nothing’. Such celebrations are fleeting, leaving no lasting impact on
the individual. Perhaps it leaves one empty!
his disciples defined ‘celebrations’ in a totally different way. They were more interested in the ‘what’
of the event than the ‘how’ of the event. This ‘what’ left a lasting, life-long impression on the
disciples. The ‘what’ of these celebrations has left a deep impression on human history for the past twenty centuries.
They have become the tenets of our Christian Faith!
of ‘celebrations’, we need to talk about ‘non-celebrations’ too. While the commercial world invents
reasons for ‘celebrations’, we are sadly reminded of the darker side of the world, where there are issues that
are seemingly impossible to celebrate. One such issue is the issue of our Environment. June 5, coming Monday, is the World
Environment Day. Although we wish to ‘celebrate’ this Day, it has left us with anxious feelings.
On June 1, last Thursday, the President of the United
States, Mr Donald Trump, said that his country was pulling out of the Climate Change accord reached in Paris in 2015. This is one more instance to show how powerful individuals can ‘play
God’ and can make or break our planet! Such decisions puts interests of individuals or specific groups over and above
the care of our Common Home – the Planet! (Laudato Si)
It is significant
that this year the Feast of Pentecost is followed by the World Environment Day. The Bible, in its opening lines introduces
us to the Holy Spirit saying, that “the Spirit of God was moving over the face of the waters.” (Genesis 1:2) The
Holy Spirit is the prime-mover in the creation history. Human beings have pushed aside the Spirit of Creation from the face
of the earth and have put themselves as creators.
Environment Day invites us to look at ourselves as creatures living in harmony with other created beings. Every year the World
Environment Day is observed (I am hesitant to say ‘celebrated’) on June 5. It was the day that the first United
Nations Conference on the Human Environment began in Stockholm in 1972. Although the World Environment Day, established in 1972, is completing
45 years of its existence, the human family has not treated our environment as a 45 year adult would! We have not made much
progress in learning how to protect our environment. 25 years back, a 13 year old girl tried to teach the world some lessons.
The Earth Summit 1992 held in Rio, Brasil was swept away by Severn Cullis-Suzuki, a 13 year old girl from Canada.
The six minutes talk that she gave in the summit is still doing enough rounds on the internet. The full text is available
Here are some excerpts from Severn Suzuki’s talk:
“Hello, I'm Severn Suzuki
speaking for E.C.O. - The Environmental Children's Organisation. We are a group of twelve and thirteen-year-olds from Canada trying
to make a difference… We raised all the money ourselves to come five thousand miles to tell you adults you must change
your ways. Coming here today, I have no hidden agenda. I am fighting for my future…
I am afraid to go out in the sun now because of the holes in the ozone. I am afraid to breathe
the air because I don't know what chemicals are in it. I used to go fishing in Vancouver with my dad until just a few years ago we found the fish full of cancers…
Did you have to worry about these little things when you were my age?
All this is happening before our eyes and yet we act
as if we have all the time we want and all the solutions. I'm only a child and I don't have all the solutions, but I want
you to realise, neither do you!
- You don't know how to fix the holes in our ozone layer.
- You don't know how to bring salmon back up a dead stream.
- You don't know how to bring back an animal now extinct.
- And you can't bring back forests that once grew where there is
you don't know how to fix it, please stop breaking it!
my country (Canada), we make so much waste, we buy and throw away, buy and throw away, and yet northern
countries will not share with the needy. Even when we have more than enough, we are afraid to lose some of our wealth, afraid
days ago here in Brazil, we were shocked when we
spent some time with some children living on the streets. And this is what one child told us: "I wish I was rich and
if I were, I would give all the street children food, clothes, medicine, shelter and love and affection." If a child
on the street who has nothing, is willing to share, why are we who have everything still so greedy? I can't stop thinking
that these children are my age, that it makes a tremendous difference where you are born, that I could be one of those children
living in the Favellas of Rio; I could be a child starving in Somalia; a victim of war in the Middle East or a beggar in India.
I'm only a child yet I know if all the money spent on
war was spent on ending poverty and finding environmental answers, what a wonderful place this earth would be!
At school, even in kindergarten, you teach us to behave in the world. You teach us:
- not to fight with
- to work things out,
- to respect others,
- to clean up our mess,
- not to hurt other creatures
- to share - not be greedy.
Then why do you go out and do the things you tell us not to do?
Do not forget why you're attending these conferences, who you're doing this for -- we are your
own children. You are deciding what kind of world we will grow up in. Parents should be able to comfort their children by
saying "everything's going to be alright", "we're doing the best we can" and "it's not the end of
the world". But I don't think you can say that to us anymore. Are we even on your list of priorities? My father always
says "You are what you do, not what you say."
Well, what you do makes me cry at night. You grown ups say you love us. I challenge you, please
make your actions reflect your words. Thank you for listening.”
One of the most powerful lines from this speech was: “If
you don't know how to fix it, please stop breaking it!” If
only we could listen to our future generations and stop breaking the universe, the environment and the human family…
If we cannot leave a wholesome universe for our next generation, let us at least leave a broken world instead of a completely
devastated one for them!
bells do ring now and then about this impending devastation… the last one being from Fukushima, Japan. The earthquake and the tsunami in Japan were loud warning bells indeed. But, the consequent fear of leakage of the atomic
radiation is a warning we cannot afford to ignore.
The theme for the World Environment Day 2017 is: “Connecting People to Nature”!
We pray that the Holy Spirit comes down in a special way to renew the face of the earth and help us
connect with nature, so that we can truly celebrate both the Feast of the Pentecost as the World Environment Day meaningfully!
of the Apparitions of Our Lady of Fatima
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
5th Sunday of Easter
May 13, this Saturday, we celebrated the Feast of Our
Lady of Fatima. More than that, this year was the First Centenary of the Apparitions of Our Lady in Fatima. Hence, Pope
Francis made a flying visit to the Shrine of Fatima this Friday and Saturday.
Centenary celebrations come only once in 100 years. The next Centenary of Fatima Shrine will be celebrated
in the year 2117. I don’t plan to be stay on till then. Hence, I wish to reflect on this Shrine and what Our Lady of
Fatima wishes to teach us today.
The first European War, also known as World War I broke out in 1914. Wikipedia says: World
War I … began on July 28, 1914 and lasted until November 11, 1918. The war lasted exactly four years, three months
and 14 days. Most of the fighting was in Europe, but soldiers from many other countries took part, and it changed the
colonial empires of the European powers. Before World War II began in 1939, World War I was called the Great War, or the 'war
to end all wars'.
In fact, this war, instead of
ending all wars, inaugurated many other wars, including World War II and also, as Pope Francis says, World War III ‘fought
piece-meal’ in the world today.
Although I am not
a great fan of statistics, I must record here that this war resulted in the death of more than 9 million soldiers and more
than 7 million citizens. Pope Benedict XV branded this as a ‘useless massacre’ and ‘the suicide of civilized Europe’.
Pope Benedict XV, who was elected on 3 September 1914, a month after the outbreak of
World War I, tried to stop the war but in vain. The first public speech Pope Benedict XV gave after the Conclave
which elected him as Pius X’s successor on 3 September, marked the start of his mission to end hostilities, convincing
the great powers to resolve pending questions through dialogue and negotiation. This was the spirit of his first four public
wartime speeches. On 8 September 1914 Benedict XV “repeated his predecessor’s call to people to pray for an end
to the war,” urging powers to put down their weapons. But his calls fell on deaf ears. (Vatican Insider)
When the war
was raging, Our Lady appeared to three shepherds in Fatima on May 13, 1917 with the same appeal to the people, namely,
to pray for peace. When we think of Our Lady appearing in Fatima, our minds naturally think of the apparitions in Lourdes,
Guadalupe and Velankanni. When we put all these apparitions together, the first thing that strikes us is the fact that Our
Lady chose very, very simple people to become his messengers.
If Our Lady wanted to drive home the message of peace in the world, she should have appeared to the European leaders,
or, to the Church leaders and through them spread the message of peace. But, she chose the poor, illiterate shepherds. She
knew well that only the poor, and pure of heart can see the divine with ease (Cf. Mt. 5: 3,8).
Parolin, Vatican Secretary of State, just before leaving for Fatima, gave an interview to Vatican Radio where he spoke
about the choice made by Mary:
of the Magnificat, the Lady of the Rosary, did not appear to the rich, did not appear to the powerful, did not appear to the
influential people but appeared to children. We could, in a sense, consider them 'the last of society, to use the terminology
of the Pope, almost the "scraps" of society. The Madonna of the Magnificat gave Fatima Shepherds a counter-current
message. We were in war time, so the discourse was one of hate, revenge, hostility, and clash - "the useless massacre"
of Benedict XV; Madonna, on the other hand, speaks of love, speaks of forgiveness, speaks of the ability to sacrifice oneself
and to make oneself a gift to others. So, a total reversal of the values that were, at that time, prevailing in society.”
Mary made this choice since she
was totally in tune with the choices made by God the Father as well as her Son Jesus. God chose simple shepherds like Moses
and David to lead His people. Jesus chose simple shepherds near Bethlehem to become the messengers of His Birth.
(We reflected on this last week!) Jesus went on to choose simple fishermen and a tax collector to become his Apostles. Hence,
it is no surprise that Our Lady chose simple people to receive important messages for humanity.
Of the three
shepherds – Lucia, Francisco and Jacinta – chosen by Our Lady, Francisco and Jacinta were canonized on May 13,
by Pope Francis at the Shrine of Fatima. The miracle that helped in this canonization process is the miraculous cure of Lucas,
a boy from Brazil. His father João Batista, along with his wife Lucila Yurie met the journalists on May 11, Thursday,
in Fatima. In recounting the story of their son’s healing in the face of almost certain death, João Batista
and his wife Lucila Yurie could not hold back tears. Here is a report from Catholic News Agency – CNA/EWTN:
“On March 3, 2013, before 8:00 pm, our son Lucas, who was playing with his little
sister Eduarda, fell out of a window from a height of 20 feet. He was five years old,” related the boy's father.
“His head hit the ground and he sustained a very serious injury, which caused a
loss of brain tissue,” Batista said during the press conference at the Fatima Shrine.
Teetering between life and death, “he was given medical care in our city, Juranda,
and given the severity of his condition, he was transferred to the hospital in Campo Mourao, Parana.”
“When we got there, Lucas was in a deep coma. His heart stopped twice, and they
performed an emergency operation.”
It was at that moment
that “we began to pray to Jesus and Our Lady of Fatima, to whom we have a great devotion,” Batista said.
“The next day we called the Carmelite convent of Campo Mouro to ask the sisters
to pray for the boy,” he said. But the community was observing a period of silence, and so the message did not get to
As the days went by, Lucas became worse, his father recounted. On March 6, the doctors considered transferring
him to another hospital, since their facility did not have the necessary care for a boy of his age.
“They told us that the chance of the boy surviving was low, and if he did survive,
his recovery would be very slow,” likely dealing with “severe cognitive disabilities or even remaining in a vegetative
On March 7, Batista said, “we called the convent
again.” That time, they were able to get their prayer request to the sisters.
“One of them ran to the relics of Blessed Francisco and Jacinta, which were next to the tabernacle,
and felt the impulse to pray the following prayer: ‘Shepherds, save this child, who is a child like you’…she
also persuaded the other sisters to pray to the little shepherds to intercede for him.”
“And so they did,” Batista said. “In the same way, all of us, the family,
began to pray to the little shepherds, and two days later, on March 9, Lucas woke up and began to speak, even asking for his
little sister.” On the 11th, he left the ICU and was discharged from the hospital a few days later.
time, Lucas “has been completely well and has no symptoms or after effects,” the child’s father said. “He
has the same intelligence (as he did before the accident), the same character, everything is the same. The doctors, some of
them non-believers, said that his recovery had no explanation.”
“We thank God for the cure of Lucas and we know with all the faith we have in our hearts, that this miracle was
obtained through the intercession of the little shepherds Francisco and Jacinta.”… Batista said.
Mass celebrated by Pope Francis on Saturday, Lucas (now, 8 years old) walked up to the altar along with the whole family and
gave a big hug to the Holy Father. It was a moment to be cherished. We pray that through the continual intercession of Saints
Francisco and Jacinta, Lucas too becomes a messenger of peace to the world!
Jacinta and Francisco, both died before age 12, have become the youngest non-martyrs to be canonized. Sister
Lucia, the third visionary, lived much longer, dying in 2005 at the age of 97. The Church is currently examining documents
and collecting testimonies for her beatification cause.
May Our Lady of Fatima continue to guide this world, torn apart by the ‘Third World
War’, in the path of peace and reconciliation.
A tail piece on reconciliation and peace that comes to us from South Korea:
On May 10, last Wednesday, Mr Moon Jae-in was sworn in as the new President of South
Korea. He is the second Catholic to become the President of South Korea after Kim Dae-jung who was President from 1998 to
2003. Mr Moon Jae-in has spoken about resuming talks with North Korean government, instead of pursuing confrontation and conflict.
This message that comes three days ahead of the Feast of Our Lady of Fatima, tells us that peace is still possible in this
world, if we try honestly. What the Korean Church appreciates in the new president is the already announced
approach of opening and negotiating relations with the North. The observers relate it to the "Sunshine Policy",
of his predecessor Catholic Kim Dae-jung who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. (Kim Dae-jung was the 8th President of South
Korea…He was sometimes referred to as the "Nelson Mandela of Asia". – Wikipedia)
The Revolution of Tenderness
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
Pope Francis has completed his Apostolic Visit to Egypt (April 28,29) and has returned to Vatican.
I wanted to add the word ‘successfully’ to the previous sentence… That is, Pope Francis has ‘successfully
completed’ his Apostolic Visit to Egypt etc. In this context, the ‘success’ refers to him not being the
target of the senseless violence by the terrorists.
We are aware of the bomb blasts that rocked Egypt on Palm Sunday. Soon after those attacks, Pope Francis made it clear that he would
not change the dates of his journey to Egypt and
that he would not opt for bullet proof vehicles during his visit to Cairo.
Keeping all this in mind, I said that his trip was a ‘success’. Still, those 27 hours that Pope Francis spent
in Cairo must
have been tense moments for thousands of security personnel.
very first talk in Cairo delivered
at the International Peace Conference at the Al-Azhar conference centre in Cairo,
he spoke about violence, masquerading as a religious obligation:
“As religious leaders, we are called, therefore, to unmask the violence that masquerades
as purported sanctity and is based more on the “absolutizing” of selfishness than on authentic openness to the
Absolute. We have an obligation to denounce violations of human dignity and human rights, to expose attempts to justify
every form of hatred in the name of religion, and to condemn these attempts as idolatrous caricatures of God: Holy is his
name, he is the God of peace, God salaam. Peace alone, therefore, is holy and no act of violence can be perpetrated
in the name of God, for it would profane his Name.”
after addressing this conference, when he met the civil authorities of Egypt,
he once again spoke of violence unleashed in the name of God and religion:
“In the fragile and complex situation of today’s
world, which I have described as ‘a world war being fought piecemeal’, it needs to be clearly stated that no civilized
society can be built without repudiating every ideology of evil, violence and extremism that presumes to suppress others and
to annihilate diversity by manipulating and profaning the Sacred Name of God…
All of us have the duty to teach coming generations
that God, … can neither demand nor justify violence; indeed, he detests and rejects violence (‘God… hates
the lover of violence’: Ps 11:5)… It is our duty to dismantle deadly ideas and extremist ideologies, while upholding
the incompatibility of true faith and violence, of God and acts of murder.”
While Pope Francis spoke about the God of love and peace, leaders from countries like North
Korea, South Korea and
the United States spoke
of war. They have been ‘showing off’ their power in terms of weapons of destruction. A statement from North
Korea said that 2 or 3 nuclear bombs from their arsenal are
enough to destroy the whole world. What bravado! What madness!
games played around North Korea brings
to mind the recent talk given by Pope Francis - TED Talk, Vancouver, Canada, 25 April 2017. It is worth reading the full text of
this talk. But, I would like to quote some excerpts from this talk where the Pope talks of how power corrupts and absolute
power corrupts absolutely!
allow me to say it loud and clear: the more powerful you are, the more your actions will have an impact on people, the more
responsible you are to act humbly. If you don’t, your power will ruin you, and you will ruin the other.
There is a saying in Argentina:
‘Power is like drinking gin on an empty stomach.’ You feel dizzy, you get drunk, you lose your balance, and you
will end up hurting yourself and those around you, if you don’t connect your power with humility and tenderness.
Through humility and concrete love, on the other
hand, power – the highest, the strongest one – becomes a service, a force for good.
In this wonderful talk, Pope Francis talks about the ‘the revolution of tenderness’ that
all of us can take up: “Yes, tenderness is the path of
choice for the strongest, most courageous men and women. Tenderness is not weakness; it is fortitude. It is the path of solidarity,
the path of humility… The future of humankind isn't exclusively in the hands of politicians, of great leaders, of big
companies. Yes, they do hold an enormous responsibility. But the future is, most of all, in the hands of those people who
recognize the other as a ‘you’ and themselves as part of an ‘us’.”
This ‘revolution of tenderness’ brings us to this Sunday’s Gospel (Luke 24: 13-35) where the Risen Jesus,
reaches out with tenderness to two of his disciples. Last week, we saw Jesus meeting Thomas who doubted his resurrection.
This week Jesus meets two other disciples who, once again, were so caught up with their disillusionment that they paid no
heed to the good news of resurrection shared by the women. In short, they too doubted Jesus’ resurrection and walked
away from Jerusalem.
The Gospel says that the distance between Jerusalem and Emmaus is 11 k.m. With a heavy heart, those two disciples must have been ‘inching’
their way. It is also said that they were ‘talking with each other about all the things that happened’. (Lk. 24:14)
It was not simply a sharing of information. They were sharing their disappointments. Pope Francis, in the Mass celebrated
on Saturday in Cairo, speaks about these two disciples
as persons who experienced ‘death’.
Death. The two disciples are returning, full of despair and disappointment, to life
as usual. The Master is dead and thus it is pointless to hope. They feel disappointment and despair. Theirs
is a journey of return, as they leave behind the painful experience of Jesus’ crucifixion...
They could not believe that their Master and Saviour,
who had raised others from the dead and healed the sick, would end up hanging on the cross of shame. They could not
understand why Almighty God had not saved him from such a disgraceful death. The cross of Christ was the cross of their
own ideas about God; the death of Christ was the death of what they thought God to be. But in fact, it was they who
were dead, buried in the tomb of their limited understanding.
Then Pope Francis applies the predicament of these disciples
to our situation: How often do we paralyze ourselves by refusing to
transcend our own ideas of God, a god created in the image and likeness of man! How often do we despair by refusing
to believe that God’s omnipotence is not one of power and authority, but rather of love, forgiveness and life!
Jesus joins these heart-broken ‘kids’ with motherly care and tenderness. He takes the
liberty to admonish them and also enlighten them. As a climax, he breaks the bread with them. In the breaking they recognized
Jesus. While talking of this, Pope Francis invites us to break all the moulds we have created for God:
The disciples recognized Jesus in the “breaking
of the bread”, in the Eucharist. Unless we tear apart the veil clouding our vision and shatter the hardness of
our hearts and our prejudices, we will never be able to recognize the face of God.
The two disciples who left Jerusalem,
completely broken, and totally preoccupied with their own misery, now return to Jerusalem on a mission. Pope Francis concluded his homily in Cairo with an invitation to the people gathered for the Mass. He also extends the same invitation to us:
“So now, like the disciples of Emmaus, filled
with joy, courage and faith, return to your own Jerusalem,
that is, to your daily lives, your families, your work and your beloved country. Do not be afraid to open your hearts
to the light of the Risen Lord, and let him transform your uncertainty into a positive force for yourselves and for others.
Do not be afraid to love everyone, friends and enemies alike, because the strength and treasure of the believer lies in a
life of love!”
Let this Easter Season be an opportunity to begin our ‘revolution
Mercy – always unmerited
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S.
In our reflections on Palm Sunday (April 09),
we spoke about the Holy Week. There we raised serious doubts about calling this week Holy, since nothing holy took place during
the first Holy Week. Betrayal, denial, mock trial and violent crucifixion do not have an iota of holiness in them. Unfortunately,
last year, and, this year, the Holy Week, once again, witnessed many unholy violent incidents.
This year, on April 9, Palm Sunday, two Coptic
Orthodox churches were the targets of suicide bombers. 47 people who had come to take part in the liturgical celebrations
of Palm Sunday were killed and more than a hundred were wounded. On April 15, Holy Saturday, innocent people, fleeing from
the war zone in Syria, were killed by bomb blasts.
126 died, out of whom more than 70 were children.
year, at the start of the Holy Week, on March 22, Tuesday, Brussels was devastated by terrorist attacks. On Easter Day, there was a gruesome attack
aimed at Christians in a public park in Lahore, Pakistan…
This year, a suicide bomber was tackled by the Lahore police, before he could attempt to blast himself during the Holy Week services.
Every tragedy raises more questions than providing
answers. When we hear of such tragedies in which innocent people are killed, our minds are filled with the main question –
WHY? Most of the times, the Christian response to tragedies, especially tragedies caused by human beings, is forgiveness and
prayer. The famous words of Jesus uttered on the Cross for his executioners become the touchstone to examine our willingness
to forgive and pray for the perpetrators of violence.
must say that it was a God-sent opportunity for me to come across the homily written by Fr Ron Rolheiser for Good Friday (March
21, 2016). It was titled: The Understanding and Compassion of Good
Friday. This homily, written for Good Friday, also helps us to understand the meaning of this Sunday – the
Divine Mercy Sunday. I am quoting extensively from this homily of Fr Rolheiser:
As Jesus is being crucified he utters
these words: “Forgive them, they know not what they do.” It is not easy to say these words and it is perhaps even
more difficult to grasp them in their depth. What does it mean, really mean, to understand and forgive a violent action against
are various approaches here: For example, in a tragic note, shared countless times on Social Media, a man who lost his wife
in the terrorist attacks in Paris in 2015 (Antoine Leiris
lost his wife Helene in the Bataclan theatre in Paris.) wrote these words,
addressed to those who killed his wife:
“On Friday evening you stole the life of an exceptional person, the
love of my life, the mother of my son, but you will not have my hatred. I don’t know who you are and I don’t want
to know, you are dead souls. If this God, for whom you kill blindly, made us in his image, every bullet in the body of my
wife is a wound in his heart. So no, I will not give you the satisfaction of hating you. You want it, but to respond to hatred
with anger would be to give in to the same ignorance that made you what you are. … We are only two, my son and I, but
we are more powerful than all the world’s armies… every day of his life this little boy will insult you with
his happiness and freedom.”
While this response is wonderfully heroic and virtuous, it does not, I believe,
go deep enough in its understanding and compassion. Virtuous as it is, it still carries a note of moral separateness, of a
certain superiority. Further still, it lacks all admission of being itself somehow complicit in the unfortunate circumstances
of culture and history that helped bring about this horrible act because it avoids the question: Why do you hate me? It is
a very positive and helpful note in its refusal of hatred; but, I fear, it may have exactly the opposite effect upon those
whom it accuses. It will further enflame their hatred.
Contrast this with the letter the Trappist Abbott, Christian de Cherge, wrote to
his family, just before he, himself, was killed by Islamic terrorists. He writes:
“If it should happen one
day—and it could be today—that I become a victim of the terrorism which now seems ready to encompass all the foreigners
living in Algeria, I would like my community, my Church, my family, to remember that my life was given to God and to this
country. I ask them to accept that the One Master of all life was not a stranger to this brutal departure. … I ask
them to be able to associate such a death with the many other deaths that were just as violent, but forgotten through indifference
and anonymity. … I have lived long enough to know that I share in the evil which seems, alas, to prevail in the
world, even in that which would strike me blindly. I should like, when the time comes, to have a clear space which would allow
me to beg forgiveness of God and of all my fellow human beings, and at the same time to forgive with all my heart the one
who would strike me down. … I do not see, in fact, how I could rejoice if this people I love were to be accused
indiscriminately of my murder. It would be to pay too dearly for what will, perhaps, be called “the grace of martyrdom,”
to owe it to an Algerian, whoever he may be, especially if he says he is acting in fidelity to what he believes to be Islam.
I know the scorn with which Algerians as a whole can be regarded. I know also the caricature of Islam which a certain kind
of Islamism encourages. It is too easy to give oneself a good conscience by identifying this religious way with the fundamentalist
ideologies of the extremists. … This is what I shall be able to do, if God wills—immerse my gaze in that
of the Father, to contemplate with him his children of Islam just as he sees them, all shining with the glory of Christ, the
fruit of his Passion, filled with the Gift of the Spirit, whose secret joy will always be to establish communion and to refashion
the likeness, delighting in the differences. … And you also, the friend of my final moment, [my executioner], who would
not be aware of what you were doing. Yes, for you also I wish this “thank you”—and this adieu—to commend
you to the God whose face I see in yours. And may we find each other, happy ‘good thieves,’ in Paradise,
if it pleases God, the Father of us both. Amen.”
Ah, to have grace and compassion, to hope
to have a drink one day with our enemies in heaven, laughing together at our former misguided hatred, under the loving gaze
of the same God!
The closing lines of the letter of Fr Christian
de Cherge talking about ‘good thieves’, enjoying one another’s company in heaven, helped me to imagine that
Jesus not only invited the ‘good’ thief into paradise, but also the ‘other one’… in fact, all
the ‘others’ who were responsible for his cruel death, when he said: “Father, forgive them!” This
forgiveness that Jesus prays for, is not an alms given to them out of pity, but an honest sharing of His heritage in heaven!
How would we react if we meet Pilate, Herod,
the Chief Priests, Pharisees as well as Judas in Heaven? Isn’t it high time we prayed for these ‘friends’
of ours that they may share in the Eternal Banquet? I see this as the better option when faced with the violence of ISIS and other mis-guided (or, should I say, differently-guided) groups! “Forgive
them, they know not what they do.”
homily of Fr Rolheiser, written for Good Friday, serves as an apt reflection for the Divine Mercy Sunday too. Jesus, the ‘wounded
healer’ comes to show his wounds to Thomas in order to heal him and win him back. Showing the wounds is not a gesture
of celebrating the victory of Jesus. It is rather a reminder to the disciples to overcome all the wounded feelings they have
accumulated during the Passion. It was an invitation to forgive the Romans and the Jewish Leaders of all the wounds they had
inflicted on the disciples and would continue to inflict on them. Jesus invites Thomas, his other disciples and us to feel
with him, to suffer with him – the literal meaning of ‘Compassion’.
Called out of our tombs
Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
Jeremy was born with a twisted body, a slow
mind and a chronic, terminal illness that had been slowly killing him all his young life. Still, his parents had tried to
give him as normal a life as possible and had sent him to St. Theresa's elementary school. At the age of 12, Jeremy was only
in second grade, seemingly unable to learn.
His teacher, Doris Miller, often became exasperated with him. He would squirm
in his seat, drool and make grunting noises. At other times, he spoke clearly and distinctly, as if a spot of light had penetrated
the darkness of his brain. Most of the time, however, Jeremy irritated his teacher.
One day, she called his parents and asked
them to put Jeremy in a special school. While the mother was trying to hold back her tears, the father spoke: "Miss Miller,"
he said, "there is no school of that kind nearby. It would be a terrible shock for Jeremy if we had to take him
out of this school. We know he really likes it here." Doris let Jeremy stay on in the school.
Spring came, and the children talked excitedly
about the coming of Easter. Doris told
them the story of Jesus, and then to emphasize the idea of new life springing forth, she gave each of the children a large
plastic egg. "Now," she said to them "I want you to take this home and bring it back tomorrow with something
inside that shows new life. Do you understand?"
"Yes, Miss Miller!" The children responded enthusiastically - all except
for Jeremy. He just listened intently; his eyes never left her face. He did not even make his usual noises. Had he understood
what she had said about Jesus' death and resurrection? Did he understand the assignment?
The next morning, 19 children came to school,
laughing and talking as they placed their eggs in the large wicker basket on Miss Miller's desk. After they completed their
math lesson, it was time to open the eggs. In the first egg, Doris found a flower. "Oh yes, a flower is certainly a sign of new life," she
said. A small girl in the first row waved her arms. "That's my egg, Miss Miller," she called out. The next
egg contained a plastic butterfly, which looked very real. Doris held it up. "We all know that a caterpillar changes and turns into a
beautiful butterfly. Yes, that is new life, too" little Judy smiled proudly and said, "Miss Miller, that one is
Then Doris opened the next egg. She gasped. The egg was empty! Surely it must
be Jeremy 's, she thought, and, of course, he did not understand her instructions. Because she did not want to embarrass him,
she quietly set the egg aside and reached for another.
Suddenly Jeremy spoke up. "Miss Miller, aren't you going to talk about my egg?"
Flustered, Doris replied,
"But Jeremy - your egg is empty!" He looked into her eyes and said softly, "Yes, but Jesus' tomb was
empty too!" Time stopped. When she could speak again, Doris asked him, "Do you know why the tomb was empty?" "Oh yes!"
Jeremy exclaimed. "Jesus was killed and put in there. Then his Father raised him up!" The recess
bell rang. While the children excitedly ran out to the school yard, Doriscried.
The cold inside her melted completely away.
Three months later Jeremy died. Those
who paid their respects at the mortuary were surprised to see 19 eggs on top of his casket, ….. all of them empty.
From “An Emotional Easter Egg Story”
As we approach Easter, we are given a glimpse
into the life after. Jeremy’s lesson is highlighted in today’s Gospel – John 11: 1-45. This Gospel passage
talks of one of the most popular miracles of Jesus – the Raising of Lazarus from the dead. Jesus had raised quite many
people from the dead; but the case of Lazarus was special. In the other cases (the son of Nain’s widow or the daughter
of Jairus) Jesus was present soon after the person died. In the case of Lazarus, Jesus came to Bethany after four days. Among the Jews there was a belief that the soul of the buried
person lingered on for three days in the grave and on the fourth day it departed forever and the body began to decay. So,
when Jesus arrived at Bethany, it was really too
late. Lazarus had begun to decay.
many times in our lives we have felt that God came too late, or did not come when required! Mary
and Martha expressed this to Jesus… “If
you had been here, my brother would not have died.” (John 11: 21,
32) We expect God to come in a particular way and in a particular time; but God comes at an unexpected time and in the most
unexpected way. One of the most beautiful aspects of God is… Surprise… the God of Surprises!
We can pay attention to the words of Jesus
spoken in front of the tomb of Lazarus. The first command of Jesus was: “Take
away the stone.” (Jn. 11:39) To
roll away the stone was not a big deal for Jesus. A word or, even a thought from him would have accomplished the task. But,
Jesus wanted the people around him to do that. God would like us to do what we can, and not expect God’s intervention
at every moment in our lives. The faith proclaimed by Martha
began the process of this miracle. “Lord,”Martha
said to Jesus, “if you had been here, my brother would not have died. But I know that even now God will give you whatever
you ask.” (Jn. 11: 21-22)Jesus wanted to instill such
a trust in the people standing around the tomb, who had given up on Lazarus, since it was already the fourth day. Jesus wanted
to tell them, “Whether it is four days or four thousand years, God can open the graves and bring out miracles, if only
a trust is expressed by Prophet Ezekiel in the first reading given in today’s liturgy:
This is what the Sovereign LORD
says: My people, I am going to open your graves and bring you up from them; I will bring you back to the land of Israel.
Then you, my people, will know that I am the LORD, when I open your graves and bring you up from them. I will put my Spirit
in you and you will live, declares the LORD. (Ez.
37: 12-14) Ezekiel speaks these inspiring words after
his famous vision of the valley in which dry bones get clothed in flesh and skin and turn into a mighty army. (Ez. 37: 1-11)
Opening the grave or rolling away the tomb
stone is our job and giving life is God’s work. But, there was a problem with the rolling away of the stone. Martha
expressed this problem directly to Jesus: “But, Lord,”
said Martha, the sister of the dead man, “by this time
there is a bad odour, for he has been there four days.” (Jn. 11:
39)Martha, although a very practical lady, was still living in the past and Jesus invited her to live
in the present and in the future. Martha is an example for many
of us who wish to live in the past, especially with the past hurts, unpleasant memories… We tend to carry around the
dead weight of the past.
I am reminded of a story… a repulsive
story, perhaps… but one with a very good lesson. In Virgil,
there is an account of an ancient king, who was so unnaturally cruel in his punishments that he used to chain a dead man to
a living criminal. It was impossible for the poor wretch to separate himself from his disgusting burden. The carcass was bound
fast to his body -- its hands to his hands; its face to his face; the entire dead body to his living body. Then he was put
into a dungeon to die suffocated by the foul emissions of the stinking dead body…
(http://www.cbcisite.com/Sunday%20Homily.htm) The story is surely very repulsive. But quite many of us live with such repulsive habits… the habit of carrying the
past with us… especially past hurts!
second command of Jesus was: “Lazarus, come out!” (Jn. 11: 43) Lazarus
who was buried for four days came out just as he was buried. We can surely learn to believe that many of our dreams buried
deep within, can come alive if only we could hear God’s call. We need to be sensitive to hear this call echoing in the
tombs we have built over our dreams and hopes.
third command of Jesus was: “Take off the grave clothes
and let him go.” (Jn. 11: 44) Even
though Lazarus could walk out of the tomb, he still needed the help of others to set him completely free. We need to learn
how to untie the knots and chains people are bound with. If we fail to do so, there is every possibility that these persons
would not be able to emerge out of their graves.
can easily see that we live in a culture of death. From womb to tomb, life is not respected. The daily massacres that go on
in Syria, especially of innocent children, is just
an example to show how our present world respects life. As Pope Francis has repeatedly told us our world is suffering from
the Third World War, fought in bits and pieces. In this ‘war zone’ which is turning the world into a vast graveyard,
we need to become apostles of life and messengers of Resurrection.
people from the dead is surely not within our power… that is left to God. But we can surely do our bit… We can
roll the stone away, we can untie the people who have managed to come out of their graves. If in case we are buried, we can
hear God’s call and come out of our tombs.
mudslide to messenger of God
By Rev. Fr. L. X.
Jerome S. J.
3rd Sunday of Lent
Woman swept away by mudslide in Peru,
but claws her way to safety… Amazing footage: Woman escapes
raging mudslide in Peru … Watch a Woman's Dramatic Escape From Mudslide… were some of the headlines of the news
from Peru that captured the attention of world media and the social network last week (March 16 and 17). It was accompanied
by an amateur video showing a young lady emerging from the, swirling, fast-moving mudslide to safety.
Evangelina Chamorro Diaz crawled and stumbled through debris as she tried to reach onlookers for help
in Punta Hermosa, about 40km outside of the capital Lima. The 32-year-old
said she survived by grabbing on to tree branches and trying to build a makeshift bridge to drag herself out of the mud. (Sky News)
Evangelina serves as the starting point of our Sunday reflection today. She is Evangelina (meaning ‘good news’)
and she fought against the mudslide that was carrying her to her certain death. Swimming against the tide in water is very
difficult. Here, Evangelina was swimming against the tide in swirling mud. She must have had extraordinary physical and mental
stamina to do this! From the mudslide emerges ‘good news’! She, thus, reminds us of the Samaritan woman who meets
Jesus in today’s Gospel (John 4: 5-42). Being a woman, a Samaritan woman was tough. This lady, living with the sixth
man, must have been smeared with mud most of the days. Figuratively speaking, she was surrounded by mudslide all the time.
From this mudslide, Jesus saves her and makes her an evangelist! Thus, Evangelina, the Peruvian woman, reminds us of the Samaritan
This Sunday as well as the
next two Sundays, the gospel texts will put us in touch with three of the most significant spiritual symbols of our Faith:
water, light and life, symbols closely connected with Easter. Today’s gospel revolves around the well in Samaria,
with a discourse on water. Next Sunday it will be the curing of the visually handicapped person, with thoughts on light. The
third week – the final week before the Holy Week – it will be the miracle of raising Lazarus from the dead and
the discourse on life. All the three passages are taken from the Gospel of John, which, as we know well, is not a simple narrative
of Jesus’ life but a theological treatise as well.
The conversation between Jesus and the Samaritan woman is one of the longest (if not the longest) conversation recorded in the four gospels. This conversation is a good
example of the inward journey taken by a person (Samaritan woman) who, ultimately, makes this journey towards Jesus and God.
Quite often we tend to feel that we know enough about self, Jesus and God and thus lose out on newer insights. We forget that
we are all pilgrims on this world, constantly called to journey. With a false surety that ‘we know everything’
about self, others and God, we tend to stay put and stagnate! Only when we venture out, we shall encounter surprises about
ourselves and about God. ‘The God of Surprises’ is one of the basic, beautiful attributes of God!
Today’s gospel gives us a picture of Jesus who not only surprises us, but,
shocks us. He voluntarily initiates a conversation with a Samaritan woman who comes to the well at mid day. The woman’s
late visit to the well (women, usually, gathered at the well early in the morning) may suggest that she was an outcast in
the village, even among the Samaritans, because of her questionable living situation! Jesus begins this discourse expressing
his need for water.
When a Samaritan
woman came to draw water, Jesus said to her, “Will you give me a drink?” (John
4: 7) A simple request for water opens up quite many
issues and ultimately ends on sublime themes related to God and worship. Here is the first lesson from today’s gospel:
that no place is alien to talk about God. We know that in villages, the well, the tea shop and the tree in the village square
are good spots for gossips, political opinions and even philosophical thoughts. Jesus shows us that a conversation near a
well can also be profoundly divine!
The initial reaction of the Samaritan woman is a grim reminder of how the human family has not progressed in
certain areas even after centuries. The Samaritan
woman said to him, “You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?” (John 4: 9) You-and-I
distinction even in the case of a basic need. Thirst knows no caste and religion. Hence, it would be highly impossible for
any one to refuse water to the one who is thirsty. But, with water becoming more and more a private property and hence scarce
and costly, it is becoming more and more delicate to request water and to share water even in dire situations. Due to its
rich business proposition, water has come to be called ‘blue gold’ in our days!
On March 22nd, Wednesday, World Water Day 2017, Pope Francis will inspire a global
conversation. His address from the Vatican will
help shift how the world values and understands its single most precious resource: water. Immediately following the Papal
address, at 10:30 a.m. CET, 400 thought leaders from around the world will convene at WATERSHED. These policy makers and academics,
together with students, artists, business leaders and men and women from the most at-risk populations will begin an unprecedented
dialogue around the value and values of water. The conference is co-hosted by the Vatican’s
Pontifical Council for Culture and the Club of Rome.
Pope Francis has warned that we could be moving toward “a major world war for water.” He did so when
addressing participants at the concluding session of an international seminar on “the human right to water,” held
at the Vatican’s Pontifical Academy of Sciences on Feb. 23 and 24, 2017.
“I ask if in this piecemeal third world war that we are living through, are we not going toward
a great world war for water?”, the pope said, departing from his prepared text. Specialists in
the field have already predicted that some of the major armed conflicts in the future could be over the possession of or access
to water, but this is the first time that Francis has spoken in these terms. (America Magazine)
The great Indian environmentalist Sunderlal Bahuguna, has expressed
similar sentiments when he said: “Nations all across
the world are facing a water crisis that is deepening with the passing of each day… This situation demands immediate
notice and remedial measures from our governments and policymakers. Otherwise, mankind has to face the wrath of an inevitable
third world war on the issue of water.”
The thirst of Jesus and the hesitation of the Samaritan woman still echo in different parts of the world. The great
natural gift of God – water – has, unfortunately, been used as a political and caste weapon, dividing people.
The conversation between Jesus and the Samaritan woman also highlights another division among people. Not only the gifts of
God, but God himself / herself is divided under various pretexts. Jesus is rather emphatic in saying that true God and true
worship do not divide the people: “Woman,” Jesus replied,
“believe me, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem…
Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they
are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.”
(John 4: 21-24)
I don’t think that any one could make this clearer and easier than Jesus. Curiously, Jesus begins this statement
with a request… almost a plea: “Woman, believe me…” It is hard for us to believe that God can be worshipped in such simplicity. But,
that is the true worship that ‘the Father seeks’.
Lenten season is a call to conversion. Let us be converted to using God’s
gifts (especially water) properly without avarice and monopoly. Let us be converted not to divide God into various human slots,
but allow God to be God and try to worship God in Spirit and in Truth.
My closing thoughts go back to Evangelina emerging from the mudslide in Peru.
We pray that women all over the world hold on to hope while swimming against the mudslide created by the male-domination!
The dam of selfishness preventing ‘change’
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
This Sunday, which happens to fall
on March 12, takes us back by 40 years to a small town in El Salvador.
On March 12, 1977, Fr Rutilio Grande Garcia, a Jesuit priest, was gunned down by the ‘death squad’ of El
Salvador, along with his parishioners - Manuel
Solorzano, 70, and 16-year-old Nelson Rutilio Lemus. Fr Grande’s body was riddled with a dozen bullets. He was a marked
man right from the time he took up his priestly ministry among the poor in his hometown, El Paisnal.
Grande was a passionate preacher and an inspired organizer, who constantly feared that the church was not walking with the
people but in front of them. His prophetic ability to hear the cry of the poor, challenged the government, the military, wealthy
landowners and even his own church leaders. In one homily, delivered before El Salvador’s president and military leaders,
he courageously proclaimed: Many baptized in this country have not
accepted the postulates of the Gospel that demand a transfiguration, and therefore, those same people are not transfigured
in their mind and in their heart and they put a dam of selfishness in front of the message of Jesus our Savior, and the demanding
voice of the official witnesses of Christ through the church, the pope and his bishops! (America Magazine)
is an excerpt from the Catholic News Service - dated March 8, 2017:
Forty years after his death,
Father Grande has powerful admirers in the church. Fellow Jesuit Pope Francis is said to have asked a member of the commission
pushing for the beatification of Father Grande whether there was yet a documented miracle attributed to the Jesuit's intercession.
When the answer was no, the pope said he knew of one: Archbishop Romero.
is popularly believed something inside the Archbishop changed when he saw the brutal manner in which Father Grande and his
parishioners were killed. Before the killings, he hadn't publicly spoken about the deteriorating social situation in the country
or abuses against the poor.
Witnesses said that as Father Grande's body was carried
toward his parish, it practically came apart because of the many wounds. The incident, along with other cases Archbishop Romero
knew about involving the killing of unarmed civilians, led the Archbishop to take up Father Grande's voice in defending the
Romero who continued where Fr Grande left, was silenced by a single bullet fired at the heart, while he was celebrating Mass
on March 24, (the eve of the Feast of the Annunciation), 1980. The Vatican beatified Archbishop Romero in 2015 after determining he was killed out of hatred
for his Catholic faith. This year marks the first Centenary of Blessed Romero’s birth – August 15, 1917. Today
(March 12) is the 40th anniversary of the brutal killing of Fr
It is significant that both Fr Grande
and Archbishop Romero were killed in March, during the Season of Lent. Both these martyrs were advocating change in the society
as well as in the Church of El Salvador. Change, as we know, is the key theme of Lent.
Sunday we have two reasons to
reflect on ‘Change’. The Liturgical Readings present us with the theme of ‘Change’. That is the
first reason. Today’s Gospel (Matthew 17: 1-9) talks of the change in Jesus – his Transfiguration. The
First Reading (Genesis 12: 1-4) talks of Abraham being invited to change from the known to the unknown. In simple terms, he
was asked to leave his hometown and move to a strange place. When Abraham was invited to make this change, he was 75 years
old! (Gn. 12:4)
Four years back, in March, a Bishop who was 77 years old, was invited to
make a similar change. This is the second reason for
us to reflect on ‘Change’. Yes, when Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio was invited to leave Buenos
Aires, and take up the leadership ministry of the Holy Catholic Church, he was 77 years old – old enough
to retire from active ministry! In all probability, he would have already tendered his resignation from his ministry as Archbishop
of Buenos Aires, when he was asked to take up his ministry as the Bishop of Rome!
Monday, March 13, 2017, Pope Francis will be completing his fourth year as the Bishop of Rome. Ever since Pope Francis took
up this role, expectations ran high as to how he would CHANGE EVERYTHING in VATICAN and in THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH as a whole. On quite a few occasions, he has made
it more than clear that changes in the Church will have to begin with changes from the individuals. As a person, he has lived
up to what he was saying… namely, change at the personal level.
since he appeared on the balcony of St Peter’s Basilica around 8 p.m. on March 13, 2013, he had changed our perspective
on who the Pope is. Pope Francis, appeared on the balcony, wearing a simple white cassock with a simple crucifix – no
red mozzetta (red upper piece covering the shoulders up to the waist), and no golden, ornamented crucifix. Talk of first impressions!
followed in the next 20 to 30 minutes confirmed that the Pope was one of us. The first words he spoke to the world at large
were: “Fratelli e Sorelle, buona sera” – Brothers and Sisters, Good evening! It was like listening to a
Parish Priest chatting with his parishioners. The distance between the Pope and the people dissolved that instant!
followed was a defining moment of CHANGE which is etched deep in the minds of thousands of people who were watching him directly
as well as on TV. Pope Francis requested the people to pray for him. He said: And
now I would like to give the blessing, but first I want to ask you a favour. Before the bishop blesses the people I ask that
you would pray to the Lord to bless me – the prayer of the people for their Bishop. Let us say this prayer – your
prayer for me – in silence.
Pope Francis, the Supreme Pontiff
of 1.2 billion Catholics around the world, bowed down before the people and asked for their prayers. That gesture was a supreme
testimony of the type of person we have as our Holy Father. The silence that prevailed in Peter’s Square would have
left lasting impression on millions around the world. If the Pope can bow down in prayer before the world in the full glare
of all the media, then we can be assured of many blessings!
am sure many of us have prayed for Popes and their intentions many times in our life. None of them, as far as I know, have
made this request to me personally. Here was a Pope who was doing it personally. That one gesture erased all the distance
between the Pope and the people. All through these four years, he has repeatedly asked people to pray for him. Even on the
First Anniversary while he was making his Annual Retreat, he had tweeted saying: “Please pray for me.” This was
a refreshing CHANGE, indeed!
In these four years of his leadership
ministry, Pope Francis has brought in many changes on the personal level:
- In the House of St Martha where he continues to stay, he serves his own meals and sits
down in any available chair, with other members of the community.
- He keeps calling people directly over the phone and gives them pleasant surprises. For the First Anniversary,
the Vatican Publishing House has published a book titled: “Pronto? Sono Francesco. Il Papa e la rivoluzione comunicativa un anno dopo”
(Hello? This is Pope Francis. The Pope and the Communication
Revolution one year later) written by Massimo Enrico Milone.
- In the interviews he has given to quite a few newspapers and magazines,
he has mentioned that, like any other person, he has his own moments of doubts and darkness of the soul etc.
back on these four years of Pope Francis in Vatican,
one can easily think of the many ‘revolutions’ he has made. Many of them have been highlighted by the media worldwide.
To me these are not important. There are so many other ‘revolutions’ initiated by Pope Francis that have not grabbed
the attention of the media, but have made significant changes in the lives of people.
- Persons who have left the Church for many years have returned to the Church after seeing
- The simplicity of Pope
Francis has set in motion changes in other ‘leaders’ of the Church, who have begun to see themselves not as leaders
but ministers (meaning, servants).
idea has become more focussed and clear as to how their pastors and bishops should be – in terms of their residence,
their dress, and the vehicles and gadgets they use. Bishops in some parts of the world have been ‘pulled up’ by
the people for being pompous and extravagant!
if Pope Francis does not achieve anything significant as the Bishop of Rome, the very fact that he had made the Pope an accessible,
ordinary human being, is a very big achievement, indeed. I call this a very BIG achievement since I believe that this ‘accessibility’
will set in motion many other changes in Vatican and in the entire Church, perhaps extending its influence even to the rest
of the world. If the Pope is an ordinary human person, then, naturally, the others – namely, the Cardinals, the Bishops
and the Priests are human beings as well. They cannot hoist themselves on pedestals and build protective walls around them.
When walls and pedestals break down, fresh breeze can come in! The Church seems to be undergoing a ‘transfiguration’
with the help of a wave that is sweeping over Vatican.
always move forward. They are not stagnant nor go back! Waves are a good sign of life and change! Let ‘Pope Francis
Wave’ which was set in motion on March 13, 2013, continue to create ripples!
The desert-school of Jesus
by Rev. Fr.
L. X. Jerome S. J.
Once upon a time a certain mother
was tempted to quit – quit her job, quit her family, quit her parish, quit everything. When the parish priest suggested
she read about the temptation of Jesus, she said that she had already and that all the demands which were made on her, presumably
with God’s approval and even connivance, were about the same as being asked to jump off the parapet of the temple. How
was she supposed to do everything in the family – bring in money, cook the meals, clean the house, worry about the kids,
help with the home work, keep an eye on the TV the kids were watching – when no one else seemed worried about these
things? She loved her job and she loved her family, but she was tired and all she wanted to do was quit. Well, said the parish
priest, why not go on strike. The woman thought about that and decided she would.
contracted a case of blue flu – too sick to go to her job, too sick to take care of the house, too sick to help with
homework, too sick to worry about the kids, too sick to do anything but lie in bed and watch TV. The doctor was summoned and
suggested that she needed a long rest. You know what happened then? The mother found that it was all BORING. The daytime soaps
were particularly BORING! So she improved rapidly, especially when everyone promised that they would help (which they did,
but often just made the mother’s task more complicated). Temptations,
said the mother, look a lot better before you give into them than afterwards. (Homily
from Fr Andrew M. Greeley)
Temptations come in different shapes
and sizes… mostly very attractive. Only after they take root in our lives do they show their true colours. Every year,
the First Sunday of Lent invites us to think about temptations. Today’s first reading talks of the temptation faced
by our first parents. (Genesis 2: 7-9; 3: 1-7) The Gospel talks of temptations faced by Jesus. (Matthew 4: 1-11) EVERY human
being was, is, and will be tempted. No exceptions. Not even Jesus.
years back, I was discussing this topic with a friend of mine with a view to prepare the homily. The moment he saw the theme ‘temptation’, he began singing an old Tamil film song that
talked of the hero being beset with trials - Sothanai mel sothanai podhumadaa
saami. (In Tamil we generally use the word ‘sothanai’ for trials and temptations.) The hero of the film pleads
with God not to send him more temptations.
God send temptations? Every now and then we feel that way. When we are deep in trouble, we raise our eyes to heaven and blurt
out something like this: Oh, God, why do you send me such trials and temptations? The opening verse of today’s Gospel
gives us some sort of clarity as to who sends us temptations. Then Jesus
was led up by the Spirit into
the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. (Mt.
The devil tempted Jesus and the Holy Spirit led Jesus into this situation,
probably, whispering words of encouragement and support. This seems to explain what we experience! The devil is ever ready
to tempt us. In such a situation, it is God who stays close and seems to ‘permit’ the evil one to tempt us. This
is the theme of the Book of Job. This is what we see in the Garden of Eden.
we go through Chapters 2 and 3 of Genesis (Our first reading is taken from these chapters), God created a lovely garden; planted
all sorts of trees; placed Adam (and later Eve) in that garden. Till then the story is a fairy tale. Then came the commandment
that they should not touch a particular tree in the garden. It also looks odd that he created the serpent (we assume that
this was the devil) more cunning than other creatures (Gn. 3:1) and allowed the serpent to interact with Eve. Why plant a
tree in the first place and then forbid the First Parents from even touching it?
only God had not planted that particular tree…
If only God had not created the serpent
If only God had not allowed the serpent to interact with Eve…
only… Well, we are generous in our counsels to God.
Sometimes we feel that we have better
ideas than God as to how things should have been done.
is exactly the beauty of God’s love. While he gave all the other living beings the simple command – “Be
fruitful and multiply…”, he gave the human beings the special command of ‘making proper choices’.
If only God had not given this capacity to human beings, we would all be ‘programmed’ to follow God’s will
to the minutest detail. No choices, no problems, no evil…
No Original Sin… Wow! If the whole world functioned as
a well-oiled machine, there would be no factions, no frictions, no failures… But that would be the world of the ‘robots’.
God created human beings and not pre-programmed robots. God placed human beings, including His beloved Son, in the midst of
trials and temptations. This is how I understand that ‘the Spirit
led Jesus to be tempted by the devil’!
the three synoptic gospels talk of this experience of Jesus. The temptation-event in the life of Jesus is different from the
other events. While there were quite a few witnesses to the other events, Jesus was the only eyewitness to this event. Why
did Jesus, who shunned all publicity, tell His disciples about this personal experience he had all alone in the desert? Why
did the three evangelists record this ‘struggle of Jesus’ for posterity? Perhaps Jesus wanted us to learn quite
a few lessons from this most common of all human experiences.
first lesson is that temptations are very attractive.
I am sure many of us have seen the Life of Christ enacted on stage. In almost all these stage plays, the scene of the devil
tempting Jesus is a must. It would be a dramatic scene with the devil usually clothed in black, with the face painted also
in black, with protruding teeth, with two horns and with a loud, scary voice entering the stage. If Satan comes in this fashion,
then all of us would flee the scene, or, drive away this horrible creature from our sight. All of us know that Satan comes
clothed in light… And no wonder, for Satan himself masquerades
as an angel of light. (II Cor. 11:14)
the three temptations that Jesus faced were ‘good’ temptations, very logical. This is the
second lesson we need to learn about temptations – that they
are very logical. Jesus was hungry; therefore He
was asked to turn the stones into bread. Jesus wanted to begin his public ministry; therefore He was asked to begin his ministry with a bang… by jumping off the pinnacle
of the Temple. Jesus wanted to gain the whole world
for His Father; therefore He
was asked to make compromises with the devil. All the three ‘therefore’s sound very logical.
also uses an opening salvo to ‘hook’ Jesus into doing his bidding. “If
you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.”
“If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down.” On the one hand, this looks like a childish challenge. Kids throw such challenges
at one another “Hey, Tom, if you are so brave, why don’t you climb this tree? Why don’t you do this…
and why don’t you do that?” etc. But, a closer analysis of these ‘childish challenges’ also gives
us a clue that the Satan was trying to define what the Son of God must be like. If Jesus was the Son of God, He must use His
powers to gratify himself, to make a spectacular entry into human history, to make compromises with evil forces even to the
point of total surrender to them… In short, this is a short cut… a path of least resistance… an unholy,
Jesus tries to respond to these challenges
in his own style. He rewrites the definition of the Son of God. If someone uses his / her special powers to satiate one’s
own needs or to seek popularity, he or she is a magician and not the Son of God. Jesus, who refused to use his power to satiate
his own hunger in the desert, used his special powers to feed thousands in another ‘deserted’ place. Jesus, who
refused to surrender to the Satan with a strong rebuttal: “Away from me, Satan!”, was willing to surrender to
the Father while He was in his most vulnerable moment on the Cross. These are some of the lessons Jesus tries to teach us
Are we listening? Lenten season is a good time to learn from the desert-school
Serving God, money and worry
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
Sunday in Ordinary Time
We have been reflecting on the different
sections of the Sermon on the Mount for the past four Sundays. Today, we conclude this ‘mini-series’. Reflecting
on the Sermon on the Mount - where Jesus has constantly challenged us to change our perspective and direction in life - is
an excellent preparation for the Lenten Season which begins coming Wednesday.
Few Buttons Missing” is a book written by James T.Fisher and L.S.Hawley in 1951. Fisher, a psychiatrist by profession,
talks about the Sermon on the Mount in his book:
"If you were to take the
sum total of all authoritative articles ever written by the most qualified of psychologists and psychiatrists on the subject
of mental hygiene--if you were to combine them and refine them and cleave out the excess verbiage--if you were to take the
whole of the meat and none of the parsley, and if you were to have these unadulterated bits of pure scientific knowledge concisely
expressed by the most capable of living poets, you would have an awkward and incomplete summation of the Sermon on the Mount.
And it would suffer immeasurably through comparison. For nearly two thousand years the Christian world has been holding in
its hands the complete answer to its restless and fruitless yearnings. Here ... rests the blueprint for successful human life
with optimum mental health and contentment."
Harry S.Truman, the 33rd President of the U.S. paid this compliment on the Sermon on the Mount: I
do not believe there is a problem in this country or the world today which could not be settled if approached through the
teaching of the Sermon on the Mount.
world leaders and great thinkers agree that the Sermon on the Mount is indeed a rich resource of happy, healthy living. In
today’s Gospel passage (Matthew 6: 24-34) Jesus gives us sharp insights as to how to lead uncompromising
lives worthy of Christians. Unfortunately, today’s world has made the attitude of compromise as the norm and uncompromising,
noble ways as the exception and, sad to say, eccentric!
Jesus’ idea of uncompromising
life comes through in some of his statements - call them suggestions, advice, challenges - in today’s Gospel:
- You cannot serve both God and money.
- Do not worry about your life, what you will eat or drink; or about
your body, what you will wear.
- Do not
worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own.
these statements sound very ideal and out-of-this-world. But, on
deeper analysis, they can be seen as very down-to-earth. They are
not exceptional or eccentric! It is a question of perspective!
begins today’s Gospel with the opening salvo: “No
one can serve two masters”. While reading this line, my mind instinctively thought of politicians. They
would easily serve several masters at the same time, not letting any of them know where their true allegiance lies. Their
ultimate master is money. They would do anything; go any distance to serve their great master - Mammon. Jesus makes a specific
reference to this in the very next sentence: You cannot serve
God and money.
What did Jesus mean by this? Depending
on which word we lay the emphasis, the meaning would change as well. I would like to emphasise the word SERVE. A true disciple
of Jesus cannot SERVE God and money.
For Jesus, there is nothing wrong with money, provided it is kept
in its proper place. One can earn, save, and share money; but cannot SERVE money. I was struck by Jesus putting money on par
/ in competition with God. Can money compete with God? Unfortunately, yes… and, worse still, it seems to be winning
the race, mainly in the world of politics and business where money has assumed a divine status.
worry or not to worry is a crucial human question. In the second part of today’s Gospel, Jesus answers this question
in his own style. Erma Louise Bombeck was an American humorist who achieved great popularity for her newspaper column that
described suburban home life from the mid-1960s until the late 1990s. Bombeck also published 15 books, most of which became
best-sellers. She once wrote about a little guy named Donald. Donald was
worrying about going to school. Here is how he expressed his anxieties. “My name is Donald. I don’t know anything.
I have a new underwear, a loose tooth and I didn’t sleep last night because I’m worried. What if the bell rings
and a man yells, ‘Where do you belong,’ and I don’t know? What if the trays in the cafeteria are too tall
for me to reach? What if my loose tooth comes out when we have our heads down and are supposed to be quiet? Am I supposed
to bleed quietly? What if I splash water on my name tag and my name disappears and no one knows who I am?”
am sure most of us smiled reading the list of worries enlisted by poor little Donald. If we pity poor Donald, we need to pity
all of us! Inside every one of us there lives a Donald. We tend to drown in a teaspoon of worry. To worry or not to worry?
Does Jesus tell us simply to brush aside worries; sweep them under the carpet; pretend that there is no care in the world?
What does Jesus mean by saying ‘do not worry about your life’? I would like to see this as a sequel to the previous
section of today’s Gospel, where Jesus had indicated how money can replace God. Here Jesus indicates that we can be
drowned in worries so much, that God would disappear from our life. Once again God is put in competition with worries.
today’s Gospel, Jesus tries to tell us in a very simple but elegant way that God is much bigger than our worries. Unfortunately,
when we are beset with worries it is much harder for us to believe these words of Jesus. Our worries seem much more tangible
and over powering than God. Granted. But, by just worrying about actual and imagined things – like poor Donald –
what do we achieve? Can any one of you by worrying add a single hour to
your life? This challenge of Jesus is pretty simple and straightforward.
Borkovec, a professor of Psychology at Penn State University, is (like many of us), an expert in the field of
worry. The key difference is that Dr. Borkovec makes his living by diagnosing what other folks are worried about. He has determined
that the single most common source of worry is not the fear of war, financial disaster, holes in the ozone layer, AIDS, cancer,
loss of a job, divorce or any of those other topics that one might place atop a traditional worry list. Instead, Dr. Borkovec
claims that the single most frequent source of worry is other people's opinions of our lives. "If this happens, what
will they think? What will people say? Will I be laughed at? Will I be excluded?"
placing ‘others’ as the centre of our worries, and anxieties, we get drowned in them. Jesus says that by placing
God at the centre of our lives, we can come out of the ocean of worries. The closing words of Jesus in today’s Gospel
are truly golden words: Do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow
will worry about itself. Each day has enough trouble of its own. (Mt.
I am not sure whether these words
of Jesus inspired Marijohn Wilkin and Kris Kristofferson to write that famous song – ‘One Day at a Time’.
When we tend to be submerged with worries about tomorrow, about what to eat, drink, wear, etc., we can surely pray these lines
which help us take life ‘one day at a time’. Here are the lines of this famous song / prayer:
only human, I'm just a man/woman
Help me believe in what I could
And all that I am
me the stairway I have to climb
Lord for my sake, teach me to take
day at a time
One day at a time sweet Jesus
all I'm askin' of you
Just give me the strength
do every day what I have to do
Yesterday's gone sweet Jesus
tomorrow may never be mine
Lord, help me today, show me the way
day at a time
Do you remember when you walked
Well Jesus you know
you're lookin' below, it's worse now than then
Pushin' and shovin' and crowdin'
So for my sake, teach me to take
day at a time
Showing the other
cheek, sowing peace
7th Sunday in Ordinary Time
giant truck eased into the parking lot of a highway motel. The driver went in and ordered a steak. Before he could eat it,
in walked a motorcycle gang, with dirty leather jackets and long, unkempt hair. They took the man's steak, cut it into six
pieces, and ate it. The driver said nothing. He simply paid the bill and walked out. One of the gang members said, "That
man couldn't talk. He didn't say a word." Another one said, "He couldn't fight, either; he didn't lift a hand."
A waiter added, "I would say that he couldn't drive either. On his way out of the parking lot, he ran over six motorcycles
crushing all of them." Something in us loves that story. We tend to support what the truck driver had done – namely,
‘teaching a lesson’ to the motorcycle gang. We love stories and film scenes that present the ‘eye for an
eye’ theme, in subtle and explicit ways.
‘Eye for an eye’, ‘tooth
for a tooth’, ‘tit for tat’ etc. are not Christian ways, says Jesus in today’s Gospel. Some commentators
say that the passage we have for this Sunday’s liturgy (Matthew 5: 38-48) is the core of the Sermon on the Mount. Let
us try to understand the depth of the challenge proposed by Jesus in this passage. Jesus, not only challenges us, but challenges
the Law of Moses.
Moses, taking a cue from the Hammurabi
codes, instructed the Israelites to follow tit-for-tat retaliation, rather than to wreak total destruction upon their enemies.
That is, instead of mutilating or murdering all the members of the offender’s family or tribe, they should discover
the offender and only punish him/her with an equal mutilation or harm. This was the origin of the ‘an eye for an eye’
and ‘a tooth for a tooth’ law. Jesus challenged this law. “You
have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ But I tell you, do not resist an evil person.
If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also. And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt,
hand over your coat as well. If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles. Give to the one who asks you, and
do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.” (Matthew
In this passage, Jesus makes a specific
mention of getting slapped ‘on the right cheek’.
Here, Jesus is not speaking only about the physical abuse of slapping, but also the insult one suffers by getting slapped
on the right cheek. This is a clear case of adding insult to injury! Most of us are right-handed. So, when a person slaps
another with the right hand, the slap lands on the left cheek. Only when the person who slaps, uses the back hand, he or she
could slap another on the right cheek. This was usually the treatment given to the Jews by the Romans.
Penley, a Bible schlar, has written an article titled: “Turning
the Other Cheek”: Jesus’ Peaceful Plan to Challenge Injustice. Here he reflects on the words of Jesus
in the cultural context of the Roman occupied Israel.
Jesus’ day Roman soldiers strutted arrogantly around Israel.
The Jewish land was Roman occupied territory. There was no love lost between the occupying soldiers and the Israelite population.
When a soldier decided that he needed a Jew’s goods or services, resistance was futile. The Jewish subject better be
quick to fetch water, strong enough to carry a load, and ready to give away his shirt or else. If the subject could not perform
the request to the soldier’s liking, then a quick backhand to the face was not far behind. This was the situation Jesus
addressed in the Sermon on the Mount.
“If someone slaps you
on the right cheek, turn the other cheek toward him.” … Why would Jesus indicate that the first blow will come
to the right cheek? Why would he instruct someone to offer the left cheek to an attacking Roman soldier?
answer is simple. Roman soldiers tended to be right-handed. When they struck an equal with a fist, it came from the right
and made contact with the left side of the face. When they struck an inferior person, they swung with the back of their right
hand making contact with the right cheek. In a Mediterranean culture that made clear distinctions between classes, Roman soldiers
backhanded their subjects to make a point. Jews were second-class.
Jesus tells fellow Jews to expose the left cheek, he is calling for “peaceful subversion.” He does not want them
to retaliate in anger nor to shrink in some false sense of meekness. He wants to force the Roman soldiers to treat them like
equals. He wants the Jews to stand up and demand respect. He wants to make each attacker stop and think about how they are
mistreating another human being. It is the same motivation behind his command to “go an extra mile” after a soldier
forced you to carry water for the first mile (Matt 5:41). It is intended to activate the soldier’s conscience.
command to “turn the other cheek” is ultimately a call to peaceful resistance. It is the mantra of great men inspired
by Jesus like Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr… “Turning the other cheek” is not blanket acceptance of
brutality. It is a strategy for motivating others to change. If you meet evil with evil and blow for blow, the cycle of vengeance
will never end.
“Peaceful subversion” is one among many of
Jesus’ plans for changing the world.
idea of peaceful resistance, of restoring justice at the cost of one’s own pain, captured the imagination of Gandhi
and Martin Luther King Jr. They were inspired by these words of Jesus to lead their non-violent resistance.
is a scene from the movie ‘Gandhi’! In this scene, Gandhi is shown walking with a friend Chalie Andrews who is
a Presbyterian minister. The two suddenly find their way blocked by young thugs. The Reverend Andrews takes one look at the
menacing gangsters and decides to run. Gandhi stops him and asks, "Doesn't the New Testament say if an enemy strikes
you on the right cheek, you should offer him the left?" Andrews mumbles something about Jesus speaking metaphorically.
Gandhi replies, "I'm not so sure. I suspect he meant you must show courage; be willing to take a blow, several blows,
to show you will not strike back nor will you be turned aside."
I was ‘googling’ with the phrase – ‘turning the other cheek’ – I came across very many
life events that inspired me. These events are not simply stories of forgiveness. They are stories where the ‘enemy’
was won over by the ‘disciple’. Here is one of them:
Short Lesson on Turning the Other Cheek - With Stories That Show How it is Better!
was 8:30pm and over a hundred men and some women partners were all gathered in a park eating a really lovely meal served up
to the poor and homeless in Sydney, Australia. One of my friends had finished his meal and was standing chatting when a big
angry man came up and smashed him on the cheek with a punch. Nick, my friend, recovered from the shock and said, "Do
you need to do that again?" The thug hit him with another hard punch and he got the same reply from Nick, "Do you
need to do that again?" The thug hit Nick, who was a black belt in his own right, four times and four times Nick asked
the same question. The heart of the thug was broken through this and he began to weep. He said, "Why won't you ring the
police and put me in jail?"
Nick realized that this man was having a real hard time being out
in free society after being locked up in the jail routines for too many years. Nick put his arm around him and said, "Do
you want to come with me and have a nice brewed coffee and we will have a good chat?"
events do happen day after day around us. Only a few get the attention of the media. Unfortunately, our media seems to revel
more often in stories of ‘Eye for eye and tooth for tooth’. We are aware of the famous quote: “An
eye for an eye will make the whole world blind,” attributed
to Gandhi. There is also a Chinese Proverb which says: “Whoever
pursues revenge should dig two graves; one for the avenged and one for himself.”
formula has made our world more of a graveyard than a nursery where love can be grown. Against such a formula, there are millions
of us, ordinary humans, who still sow seeds of love. Here is one of us – Gladys Staines! Gladys Staines is the wife
of Graham Staines who was burnt alive along with his two sons Philip and Timothy in Orissa, India (22nd January, 1999). When Dara Singh, who was convicted of these murders, was sentenced
to death, Gladys made a plea to the court and to the government to commute the death sentence. She also made a public statement
that she had forgiven those who had committed this crime. She believed that only in forgiveness can hope survive. Let us grow
in courage and hope to turn the other cheek and go the extra mile to win over persons suffering from hatred!
Challenges keep coming…
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
Sunday in Ordinary Time
For the third week
in succession, we are reflecting on the words of Jesus from the Sermon on the Mount. Last week we considered two imageries
used by Jesus – Salt and Light. This week we begin our reflections with the imageries of Fire and Water. These imageries
are given in the first reading from the Book of Sirach. The passage given today is very direct and lucid. Here it is:
SIRACH 15: 15-17
If you will, you can keep the commandments,
and to act faithfully is a matter of your own choice. He has placed before you fire and water: stretch out your hand for whichever
you wish. Before a man are life and death, and whichever he chooses will be given to him.
Fire and water are placed before us and we are asked to stretch out our hand
to take whichever we wish to choose. In the same way, life and death are before us and we are asked to choose. It is simple
common sense that between fire and water we would stretch out our hands only towards water. Between life and death, we would
choose only life. But… wait a moment! Things are not that simple and clear in life. Common sense does not guide all
our choices all the time. There are other factors like habits, emotions and situational pressures. We can surely think of
moments when we stretched out our hands towards fire. Dancing flames, though dangerous, are attractive. When a child, attracted
by dancing flames, moves closer to the fire, we do not allow the child on this dangerous expedition… But, as grown
ups, haven’t we undertaken such expeditions? Haven’t we played with fire?
Water and fire are in themselves lovely gifts from God, provided we use them properly. It is here that we, as a human
family, have not learnt our lessons – especially the lesson of sharing these lovely gifts. We have ‘played with
fire’ over the issue of equitable sharing of water resources. All of us know the anxiety expressed by very many knowledgeable
people that ‘the third world war will be fought over water’.
report "Water Cooperation for a Secure World" published (2013) by Strategic Foresight Group concludes that active water cooperation between
countries reduces the risk of war. This conclusion is reached after examining trans-boundary water relations in over 200 shared
river basins in 148 countries. (Wikipedia – Water conflict)
Sirach also talks of the choice between Life and Death. The
famous Jesuit, Walter Burghardt, focused in on the phrase, ‘Before a man are life and death, whichever he chooses shall
be given to him.’ He goes on to state that to the ancient Hebrews, life meant far more than the period between conception
and death. Life was what proceeded from loving and obeying God. And death was not just that which followed the
last breath on earth. To the ancient Hebrews, death was the rejection of the living God. “Seek the Lord and you
will live,” the prophet Amos tells the people. He was not just speaking of eternity. He was speaking of
living life to its fullest right now. And, conversely, isolate yourself from the love of the Lord, and you will join
the living dead. (Homily from Father Joseph Pellegrino)
Hence, for a faithful Hebrew, life was not measured in terms of quantity - the number of years, but in terms of the quality of life, spent in loving and obeying God. Unfortunately, the idea of loving and
obeying God was reduced to following the Laws of Moses. Even here, the Israelites tended to follow the ‘letter’
of the Law than the ‘spirit’, since they were misled by the religious leaders. Jesus makes a subtle reference
to this when he says in today’s Gospel: “For I tell
you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.” (Mt. 5: 20)
The contrast between the ‘letter’ and
the ‘spirit’ of the Law is the main theme of today’s Gospel passage – Matthew 5: 17-37. Jesus differentiates
between the letter and spirit in two formulas… “You
have heard that it was said … But I say unto you.” For
the Jews who heard Jesus speak this way, this must have sounded too presumptuous. A carpenter’s son from Nazareth trying to be greater than Moses and the Prophets? Unthinkable! Hence, Jesus begins
today’s discourse with a clarification:
Do not think that I have come to abolish
the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth
disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything
is accomplished. Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be
called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom
of heaven. (Matthew 5: 17-19)
Jesus is not setting aside the Law; but sets it up on a higher plane. He challenges
his listeners to follow the spirit of the Law and live rather than follow the letter of the law and become living dead. The
challenge of Jesus can be understood better if we take one set of the Laws – the laws prescribed for temple offerings.
The Mosaic Law prescribed many details about the type of offering to be made for different occasions. For instance, minute
details were given as to how old must the sacrificial lamb be and that it should be without blemish etc. (cf. Lev. 22:21)
The Laws dealt mostly with external requirements. They did not speak much on the internal requirements. Jesus brings
the latter into focus. He says: “Therefore, if you are offering
your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there in
front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to them; then come and offer your gift.” (Matthew
This passage is a favourite one of mine in the Sermon
on the Mount. It gives us a very high standard of reconciliation. Imagine the scene painted by Jesus, in these verses: You
are at the altar to offer your gift. There you remember… Remember what? Remember that you
have something against your brother or sister? NO… Remember that your
brother or sister has something against you… This is
the benchmark. Even when your brother or sister has something against you and you happen to remember it, then you cannot proceed
to offer your gift. Your first duty is reconciliation; only then comes the offering.
I was just wondering
what would be Jesus’ response, if I asked him, “What if I had something against my brother or sister?” I
can well imagine Jesus responding this way: “Well, if that is
the case, forget about bringing any gift to the altar. Your first job is to be reconciled even before approaching the altar.” This is a very great challenge for us. If this challenge of Jesus is taken very
seriously, then most of our Sunday Masses will have to come to an end by the time we come to the offertory. Almost all of
us, including the priest who celebrates Mass, will have non-reconciled relationships. They need to be mended before offering
the gifts. We need to become a better gift internally, before we can offer the external gift at the altar.
Throughout today’s gospel, Jesus offers us quite a few challenges. In fact the whole Sermon on the Mount is
very challenging. It makes us wonder whether such a life is possible here on earth. It makes us hunger and thirst after such
a life here on earth. Such wonder, such hunger and thirst are steps to the altar of holiness where we can offer ourselves
as a worthy Offering.
The challenge to live as Salt and Light…
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome S. J.
in Ordinary Time
Use of imageries in one’s talks and
writings is a special talent. Pope Francis seems to feel at home in this art. His homilies, talks, and writings have been
quoted right, left and centre… mainly because of the rich images he has used. Here are just a few samples taken from
the first few months of his Petrine ministry:
end up sad – sad priests - in some sense becoming collectors of antiques or novelties, instead of being shepherds living
with ‘the odour of the sheep’. This I ask you: be shepherds, with the ‘odour of the sheep’, make it
real, as shepherds among your flock, fishers of men.” This was the homily given to the Priests during the Chrism Mass
on Maundy Thursday morning – two weeks after he was elected Pope.
- “But who is this God you believe in? An ‘all-over-the-place-god,
a 'god-spray' so to speak, who is a little bit everywhere but who no-one really knows anything about?” was the question
posed by Pope Francis while celebrating the morning Mass at Santa Martha.
- An exclusive interview of Pope Francis, conducted
by Fr Antonio Spadaro, S.J., editor in chief of La Civiltà Cattolica, the Italian Jesuit journal, became very famous
due to its candour and rich imageries used. During the interview Fr Spadaro asked Pope Francis: “What kind of church
do you dream of?” The Pope answered: “I see the church as a field hospital after battle.” This interview
was published on September 19, 2013.
- On the same day (September 19) Pope Francis met the newly appointed Bishops who
had come to Vatican for a
meeting. Towards the end of his talk, he made an earnest appeal to the Bishops, which, once again, caught the attention of
the media: “Espouse your community, be profoundly bonded to it!” the Pope said concluding his address. “I
beg you, please, to stay among your people. Avoid the scandal of being 'airport bishops'!”
Imageries such as – ‘smell of the sheep’, ‘god-spray’,
‘the church as a field hospital’ and ‘airport
bishops’ – have become some of the most quoted phrases of
Pope Francis in the first year of his ministry in Rome.
Jesus, as we know, was a master story-teller who used rich imageries in his preaching. Due to this, his messages
have withstood the test of times and still make a lot of sense. The layers of meaning one can find in his parables and imageries
seem unending. Matthew has collated most of the teachings of Jesus in one section (Chapters 5, 6 and 7) as the ‘Sermon
on the Mount’. We began with the ‘Beatitudes’ last Sunday. As an apt preparation for the Lenten Season,
we reflect on the famous passages from this Sermon today as well as the following three Sundays.
In today’s gospel passage - Matthew
5: 13-16 - Jesus uses the famous imageries of Salt and Light. Both
have become universal imageries. A deeper analysis of just two of the sentences from this Sunday’s Gospel would be enough
for this Sunday’s reflections. “You are the salt of
the earth… You are the light of the world…” Jesus
did not say that we must be or need to be the
salt or the light of the earth. Nor did he say we shall be the salt or the light. He simply said: “YOU ARE the
salt and the light”. This is not a condition or a future prediction. This is simply the present reality. You and I,
dear friends, are already the salt of the earth and the light of the world. To be salt and light is the defining quality of
every disciple of Christ… of every Christian. Hence, it would be helpful to understand what is meant by ‘being
salt’ and ‘being light’.
The very first
quality of salt that comes to mind is its ‘purity’, because it is white and it comes from the combination of two
great gifts of nature, namely, the sun and the sea. Salt was the most primitive of all offerings to the gods.
Jewish sacrifices were offered with salt. The Orientals made their oaths with salt to ratify them.
Salt is an essential ingredient of food; but, it cannot become one’s food. It needs to be added in small quantities
to food to provide the necessary taste. Just because salt is an essential part of food, it cannot be added more than necessary.
An overdose of salt makes the food unpalatable and it is thrown away. Salt also preserves food and has some healing qualities,
as in the case of sore throat.
Similarly, a true disciple is an essential part of
this world. He or she cannot stand aloof from the world but needs to mingle with this world in a proportionate way. When this
proportion is lost, then the world becomes fit for the garbage along with the disciple. When the disciple is present in the
world in the proper way, the world can be preserved and, if needed, healed.
The moment Jesus talks of us as salt of the earth, he comes up with a warning. What if we lose our saltiness?...
Salt diluted beyond the limit, over exposed to elements of nature or exposed to other forces like electricity… can
be some of the reasons by which salt can lose its taste. Once again, the parallel between salt and a disciple is clear. The
salt that has lost its taste, ‘is no longer good for anything, except
to be thrown out and trampled underfoot.’
The image of salt getting trampled underfoot,
brings to my mind some sections of humanity who, like salt, serve as the essential part of the world and still get trampled
by society all the time. I am thinking of those labourers involved in cleaning our roads, toilets etc. I am thinking of the
agricultural labourers who toil hard to put food on our tables. If these labourers stop working just for a day, it would almost
choke life out of the world. These very same labourers who are the life-line of the world, are denied their life-line and
the necessary respect they deserve! They are trampled underfoot!
You are the light of the world… is
another sentence replete with meaning. Once again, we need to look at the main traits of light. The moment we think of the
word ‘light’, the word ‘darkness’ comes to mind. Even if the darkness is overpowering, a tiny lamp
is enough to drive away darkness. A lamp does not draw attention to itself, but brings to light all things and persons around
it. A lamp – whether it is a candle, an oil lamp, or an electric lamp – is able to spread light only when it burns
its energy. All these and other characteristics of ‘light’ can be applied to a true disciple.
How to become a light to the world is eloquently answered in today’s first
reading from Isaiah:
you do away with the yoke of oppression, with the pointing finger and malicious talk, and if you spend yourselves in behalf
of the hungry and satisfy the needs of the oppressed, then your light will rise in the darkness, and your night will become
like the noonday.”
Both the metaphors of salt and light have
something very important in common. If it stays isolated in a shaker, salt doesn't do anything. Only when it enters
into contact with food and dissolves in the food can it give flavour to what we eat. The same thing happens with light.
If it stays closed up and hidden away, it can't illumine anything. Only when it is in the middle of the dark can it illuminate
and guide. A Church isolated from the world can be neither salt nor light.
Pops Francis has been sending out warnings about the Church that lives closed in on herself, paralyzed by fear, and
all too distant from problems and sufferings, thus keeping it from giving flavour to modern life and from offering the true
light of the Gospel. The Pope's response to the ‘closed-up’ Church is: "We need to go out to the fringes".
In his Apostolic Exhortation, ‘Evangelii Gaudium’, he has, as if, given
a mission statement of the Church: "I prefer a Church that is bruised, hurting, and dirty because it has been out on
the streets, rather than a Church which is unhealthy from being confined and from clinging to its own security. I do not want
a Church concerned with being at the centre and then ends by being caught up in a web of obsessions and procedures."
Pope Francis, in one of his first interviews conducted in person by Fr Antonio
Spadaro, S.J., gives us an idea of how the Church can serve as salt and light in today’s context. During the interview
Fr Spadaro asked Pope Francis: “What does the church need most at this historic moment?... What kind of church do you
“I see clearly,” the pope continued, “that the thing the church
needs most today is the ability to heal wounds and to warm the hearts of the faithful; it needs nearness, proximity. I see
the church as a field hospital after battle. It is useless to ask a seriously injured person if he has high cholesterol and
about the level of his blood sugars! You have to heal his wounds. Then we can talk about everything else. Heal the wounds,
heal the wounds.... And you have to start from the ground up.”
While some world leaders are busy building walls and excluding people based on their race and religion, Pope Francis
insists on building bridges and creating a culture of encounter resulting in an inclusive community.
Let us be the Church that is able to heal the wounds (Salt) and to warm the hearts
(Light) in the world, which is a battle field, waging ‘the third world war’ in bits and pieces!
ever old and ever new
by Rev. Fr.
L. X. Jerome S. J.
4th Sunday in Ordinary Time
This Sunday onwards until we begin the Lenten season, for five Sundays, we are given a special treat during the Sunday
Liturgy – namely, the Sermon on the Mount. Today’s Gospel gives us the opening section of this great discourse
of Jesus, namely, the famous ‘Beatitudes’! Since most of us are familiar with the ‘Beatitudes’, let
us turn our attention to the setting of this discourse – namely, the mountain, as well as Jesus, the Giver of Blessings.
Today’s Gospel passage (Matt. 5: 1-12) begins with the words: When
Jesus saw the crowds, he went up the mountain, and after he had sat down, his disciples came to him. He began to teach them,
saying: “Blessed are the poor in spirit…”
Jesus chose the mountain for his discourse… Mountains hold a great magical charm on human beings from time
immemorial. We have heard of great sages who had gone to mountain tops seeking ‘enlightenment’. The great silence
of the peaks, the pure air and water on mountain tops have been sources of attraction for human beings. From the top of a
mountain, our view becomes more enlarged. The lovely aspects of silence, purity and broader vision have prompted many religions
to ascribe mountains as the abode of gods.
Harold Kushner, the Jewish Rabbi, and the author of many interesting books, speaks of two cultures – the ‘mountain
culture’ and ‘tower culture’ in his book “The Lord is my Shepherd”. He refers to a book titled ‘The Ecology of Eden’ written by Evan Eisenberg, where these two cultures are discussed. “In mountain cultures, people live in God’s world. They regard
the world of nature with reverence, the kind of heart-filling feeling we get when we gaze at a mountain range… By contrast,
in tower cultures, people live in a man-made environment. They regard nature as raw material awaiting their efforts to reshape
and improve it. They spend a great deal of time admiring the work of their own hands, and, as a result, God is hard to find.” (Harold Kushner) People from the tower cultures, in their quest to build higher
towers (from Empire StateBuilding to the Burj Dubai) have chipped away mountains. With the disappearance of the mountain
– the abode of God – the presence of God is diminishing in the world.
So, when we hear of Jesus going up the mountain and sitting down with the people, we are invited to join the people
belonging to the ‘mountain culture’. The list of Beatitudes that Jesus gives is about the people from this mountain
culture, depending on God and living harmoniously with nature and other human beings.
The second aspect we can dwell on from today’s Gospel is – Jesus, the Giver of Blessings. I shall rely
heavily on Fr Ron Rolheiser, the Oblate Priest, writer and professor of theology. He has spoken of Jesus as operating out
of a ‘Blessed consciousness’. Let me quote extensively from Rolheiser:
There’s a Buddhist parable that runs something like this: One day as the Buddha was sitting under a tree, a
young, trim soldier walked by, looked at the Buddha, noticed his weight and his fat, and said: “You look like a pig!”
The Buddha looked up calmly at the soldier and said: “And you look like God!” Taken aback by the comment, the
soldier asked the Buddha: “Why do you say that I look like God?” The Buddha replied: “Well, we don’t
really see what’s outside of ourselves, we see what’s inside of us and project it out. I sit under this tree all
day and I think about God, so that when I look out, that’s what I see. And you, you must be thinking about other things!”
There’s an axiom in philosophy that asserts that the way we perceive and judge is deeply influenced
and colored by our own interiority. That’s why it’s never possible to be fully objective and that’s why
five people can witness the same event, see the same thing, and have five very different versions of what happened. Thomas
Aquinas (whose feast was celebrated on January 28) expressed this in a famous axiom: Whatever is received is received according to
the mode of its receiver.
If this is true, and it is, then, as the Buddhist
parable suggests, how we perceive others speaks volumes about what’s going on inside of us. Among other things, it indicates
whether we are operating out of a blessed or a cursed consciousness.
begin with the positive, a blessed consciousness: We see this in Jesus, in how he perceived and in how he judged. His
was a blessed consciousness. (Fr Rolheiser)
Right from the moment when the Angel Gabriel came to the young lady Mary to talk
about Jesus becoming a human, words of blessings were shared: “Hail full of grace…” (Lk. 1:28) was the
first blessing that Mary received from the Angel. Later, her cousin Elizabeth heaped more blessings on Mary: “Blessed
are you among women and blessed is the fruit of your womb!” (Lk 1: 42) Hence, right from the moment of conception Jesus
As the gospels describe it, at his baptism,
the heavens opened and God’s voice was heard to say: “This is my blessed one, in whom I take delight.” And,
it seems, for the rest of his life Jesus was always in some way conscious of his Father saying that to him: “You are
my blessed one!” As a consequence, he was able to look out at the world and say: “Blessed are you when you are
poor, or when you are persecuted, or suffering in any way. You are always blessed, no matter your circumstance in life.”
He knew his own blessedness, felt it, and, because of that, could operate out of a blessed consciousness, a consciousness
that could look out and see others and the world as blessed.
many of us, the opposite is true: We perceive others and the world not through a blessed consciousness but through a cursed
consciousness. We have been cursed and because of that, in whatever subtle ways, we curse others.
If any of us could play back our lives as a video we would see the countless times, especially when we were young,
when we were subtly cursed, when we heard or intuited the words: Shut up! Who do you think you are! Go away! You aren’t
wanted here! You’re not that important! You’re stupid! You’re full of yourself! All of these were
times when our energy and enthusiasm were perceived as a threat and we were, in effect, shut down.
And the residual result in us is shame, depression, and a cursed consciousness. Unlike Jesus we don’t
see others and the world as blessed. Instead, like the young soldier looking at an overweight Buddha under a tree, our spontaneous
judgments are swift and lethal: “You look like a pig!”
is received is received according to the mode its receiver. Our harsh judgments of others say less about them than they say
about us. Our negativity about others and the world speaks mostly of how bruised and wounded, ashamed and depressed, we are
– and how little we ourselves have ever heard anyone say to us: “In you I take delight!” (Fr
The Blessings that Jesus articulated on the
mountain, have inspired thousands of great souls. One of them is Mohandas Gandhi, who later on became Mahatma Gandhi. For
him, as well as to great stalwarts like Martin Luther King Jr., Dorothy Day, and Archbishop Romero, the Beatitudes were the
manifesto of non-violence. It is apt that on the eve of Gandhi’s assassination, which took place on January 30th, this
passage is given to us for our reflection.
This passage also
has inspired many more to come up with modern-day Beatitudes. Pope Francis on his apostolic trip to Sweden,
celebrated Mass on November 1, the Feast of All Saints. The best description of the saints, their “identity card”,
the Pope said, is found in the Beatitudes from Jesus’s Sermon on the Mount, which is given as the Gospel for this Feast.
In his homily, Pope Francis said that new situations required new energy and a new commitment, and then offered a new list
of Beatitudes for modern Christians. Let us close our reflections with the Beatitudes given by Pope Francis:
- Blessed are those who remain faithful while enduring evils inflicted on them by others and forgive them from their
- Blessed are those who look into the eyes of the abandoned and marginalised and
show them their closeness.
- Blessed are those who see God in every person and strive to make others also
- Blessed are those who protect and care for our common home.
- Blessed are those who renounce their own comfort in order to help others.
- Blessed are
those who pray and work for full communion between Christians.
Celebrating People’s Power…
by Rev. Fr. L. X. Jerome
3rd Sunday in Ordinary Time
In the past week, the largest two democracies of the world, namely, India and the U.S., have grabbed media
attention for different reasons. Let us come to the U.S. later.
First, it is India. In India,
especially in Tamil Nadu, the youth have taken up a peaceful protest with utmost control, thus telling the Indian government
that people’s power can achieve results. Although the Republic Day of India is celebrated only on January 26, in my
opinion, Tamil Nadu had begun its Republic Day Celebrations from January 17.
Republic Day –
the special day when the people of India gave
themselves the power to rule themselves – calls for celebrations. India does celebrate Republic Day… But, unfortunately, for the last 20 years or
more, the Parade in New Delhi is
projected as THE CELEBRATION of this wonderful day. This parade does portray the various cultures of the people of India…
sure! But, unfortunately, this parade has become more of a show of (show-off) Indian military power to the world! This is
VERY UNFORTUNATE… to say the least! The Republic Day Parade
is more of a ritual than a real celebration of the Indian Republic – the People’s power. This power is being celebrated in Tamil Nadu
by the youth protesting against the ban on ‘Jallikattu’, the bull-fight.
Hats off to the youth
of Tamil Nadu, who have not sought the support of any political party as well as the support of the tinsel world. They have
taken care not to be divided on lines of caste, religion, political allegiance, fan club etc. They have not resorted to any
violence and have gone from strength to strength. To me, this is truly a people’s movement, where no individual steals
the limelight. The Central and State governments as well as various MNCs have been forced to take note of this event, and
also take stock of their dubious, underhand dealings with people.
This Sunday’s Liturgy invites us to consider another people’s ‘movement’ inaugurated
by Jesus – namely, the Kingdom of God! Today’s
Gospel talks of the way in which Jesus inaugurated his public ministry… by proclaiming his first message and by calling
his first disciples. Today’s liturgy gives us an opportunity to think of inaugurations – their style and content.
The style of inauguration: In
today’s Gospel, Matthew describes the inauguration of Jesus’ public ministry with the imagery of light. This imagery
was already spoken of by Prophet Isaiah as we hear it from the first reading. The imagery of light for inauguration is a lovely
metaphor. I am thinking of two kinds of light, symbolising the spectacular but empty inaugurations and the silent, meaningful
ones. The two kinds of light are - lightning and sunlight. Inaugurations as proposed by the commercial, political world can
be compared to lightning. Flash, bang… gone. Theoretically speaking, the
average lightning bolt contains a billion volts at 3,000 amps, or 3 billion kilowatts of power, enough energy to run a major
city for months. (http://www.mikebrownsolutions.com/tesla-lightning.htm) Till date, lightning has caused more damages than being useful. Commercial, political inaugurations can be compared to lightning.
As against this, imagine what sunlight can do and, actually, does to the world. Sunlight comes up not with a bang,
not abruptly like a lightning, but very silently, imperceptibly. But, we know that without sunlight nothing can survive on
earth. Jesus’ public ministry is compared to the sunlight. “The
people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of deep darkness a light has dawned.” (Isaiah 9: 2; Matthew 4:16)
Another aspect of inauguration is the content: When
great leaders appear before the public for the first time, what they say and do count. Their words and actions would almost
define what type of a leader he or she would be. My mind goes back to January 20, 1961, when John F.Kennedy was sworn in as
the 35th President of the United
States. He began his inaugural address with these words: “We observe
today not a victory of party, but a celebration of freedom – symbolizing an end, as well as a beginning – signifying
renewal, as well as change.” Towards the end of this inaugural
address, he said: “And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your
country can do for you—ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man.” – a well-known quote. JFK was one of the youngest presidents of the US and hence was looked upon as
a much needed change in the U.S. political
history. His inaugural speech defined him, in a way!
This brings to mind the inauguration of Donald Trump
as the 45th President of the U.S.,
on January 20. We have to wait and see whether this ‘inauguration’ is a lightning, ready to cause more damages
than a dawn of sunlight that can do wonders!
The inaugural words
of Jesus in his public ministry were: “Repent, for the kingdom of
heaven has come near.” (Matthew 4: 17). His first action was to
gather a few fishermen with an invitation: “Come, follow me.” Repentance and following of Jesus are two key aspects of Christian life. All of
us would easily agree that each Christian is called to repentance; but many of us would hesitate to affirm that every Christian
is called to follow Jesus. We would think that ‘following Jesus’ is a privilege of the Religious and Priests.
Repentance and following of Jesus are basic to Christian calling and both are intrinsically connected. Repentance
calls for some radical changes. Change is usually challenging. It is easier when these changes are external – like change
of one’s profession, abode etc. But, when the change is internal like the one demanded by Jesus, it needs support. We
are ready to change for a person whom we love. If we are drawn towards Jesus by love and if we are ready to follow Him, then
we would be willing to change from within, even if this is very difficult. We have the examples of Simon, Andrew, James and
John, the first Disciples of Jesus, who were willing to change their entire life, giving up their livelihood, their boats,
nets… even their father.
Change is the cry of
the hour… especially in India! Three years back, as India was facing the general elections and just before the Republic Day, the Hindu published
an article about some youth who were questioned on what change they would want in India…
They had mentioned the changes required at every walk of life from the government as well as from people. The title of the
article hits the nail on the head: “Let’s be the change” (The Hindu, Bangalore Edition, Jan.24, 2014). This
was the ‘mantra’ of Gandhiji too, namely, “Be the change that you wish to see in the world.”
Let the change begin from…. Each of US!
God is not a private
The Epiphany of Our Lord
Let us begin our reflection with an anecdote cited by Fr Ron Rolheiser, the Oblate theologian, in his weekly column: Recently, at an academic dinner, I was sitting across the table from a
nuclear scientist. At one point, I asked him this question: Do you believe that there’s human life on other planets?
His answer surprised me: “As a scientist, no, I don’t believe there’s human life on another planet. Scientifically,
the odds are strongly against it. But, as a Christian, I believe there’s human life on other planets. Why? My logic
is this: Why would God choose to have only one child?”
Why would God choose to have only one child? Good logic. Why indeed would an infinite God, capable of creating and
loving beyond all imagination, want to do this only once? Why would an infinite God, at a certain point, say: “That’s
enough. That’s my limit. These are all the people I can handle and love! Anything beyond this is too much for me! Now
is the time to stop creating and enjoy what I’ve done.”
We have heard many stories (news) about UFOs and outer space intelligence. Whenever I read any such news, my curiosity
was aroused. I had hardly reflected on God’s role in such ‘outer space beings’. When I read this passage
from Rolheiser, it helped me to ‘theologize’ on outer-space beings. Such a reflection brings to mind a God who
is capable of and possibly is creating other beings. Such a thought is very liberating and helps us to let God be God, without
imposing our limitations on God.
is the liberation given to us by the Feast of the Epiphany, which we celebrate this Sunday. This
Feast tells us one basic truth about God. God is not a private property of any human group… not even of the planet
earth. As far as God is concerned, the larger the family, the better… the more, the merrier!
This idea must have shocked quite a few orthodox Jews. They were very sure that
the one and only true God was theirs, EXCLUSIVELY. God must have laughed at this idea; but in His/Her parental love, God would
have allowed them to hold on to this ‘exclusivism’. God waited for the opportune time. By inviting the wise men
from the East to visit the Divine Babe at Bethlehem, God had broken the myth
of exclusivism! God is a true iconoclast, indeed!
be the exclusive treasure of any human group. This message is still very relevant to us, especially in the light of all the
divisions created by various individuals and groups who have used God and religion as a political weapon. God is surely not
party to any divisive force! Unifying, reconciling… these are God’s ways. Let us pray on the Feast of the Epiphany
that the whole human family may live together as one inclusive, divine family. As pilgrims who have traversed the Extraordinary
Jubilee of Mercy, let us pray that we become ‘merciful as God’ and learn to embrace the whole human family without
Although this feast is mainly about Jesus revealing
Himself to the whole world (that’s the meaning of the word ‘Epiphany’), still, popularly, this feast is
about the so called ‘Magi’. Very little is given about these persons (Kings? Wise men?